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John Gross, PhD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Pharmacy
DepartmentPharmaceutical Chemistry
Address600 16th St
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-514-4402
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    We investigate molecular machines that coordinate gene expression or antiviral immunity. Research areas include : i- RNA decay enzymes that act in mRNA quality control and gene regulatory pathways, and ii- nucleic acid based immune systems that protect animals from viruses and neutralization of these systems by viral accessory proteins. We use tools from molecular biophysics to understand the structure and regulatory conformational dynamics in these systems with the ultimate goal of defining molecular mechanisms and avenues for structure based drug design.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Conformational Control of Heterochromatin Formation by the HP-1 Protein from Fission Yeast
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM121962Sep 30, 2017 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Developing Small Molecule Screens for Vif-APOBEC3 antagonists
    NIH/NIAID R21AI118528May 1, 2015 - Apr 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A Combined 600 MHz NMR Console for Studies of Cell Extracts and Biological Solids
    NIH/NCRR S10RR026415Sep 13, 2010 - Mar 12, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Structure and Function of the Decapping Enzyme Complex
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM078360Dec 1, 2008 - Feb 28, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HARC Center: HIV Accessory and Regulatory Complexes
    NIH/NIGMS P50GM082250Aug 27, 2007 - Aug 31, 2022
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Bio-Organic Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Resource
    NIH P41RR001614Mar 1, 1982 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Investigator

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    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Sinha KK, Gross J, Narlikar GJ. Distortion of histone octamer core promotes nucleosome mobilization by a chromatin remodeler. Science. 2017 01 20; 355(6322). PMID: 28104838.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kim DY, Gross JD. CBFß and HIV Infection. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017; 962:415-431. PMID: 28299671.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Weinberg DE, Gross JD. Molecular biology: Messenger RNAs marked for longer life. Nature. 2017 01 19; 541(7637):293-294. PMID: 28002405.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Mugridge JS, Ziemniak M, Jemielity J, Gross J. Structural basis of mRNA-cap recognition by Dcp1-Dcp2. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2016 Nov; 23(11):987-994. PMID: 27694842.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ziemniak M, Mugridge JS, Kowalska J, Rhoads RE, Gross JD, Jemielity J. Two-headed tetraphosphate cap analogs are inhibitors of the Dcp1/2 RNA decapping complex. RNA. 2016 Apr; 22(4):518-29. PMID: 26826132; PMCID: PMC4793208 [Available on 04/01/17].
    6. Jayaraman B, Mavor D, Gross JD, Frankel AD. Thermodynamics of Rev-RNA interactions in HIV-1 Rev-RRE assembly. Biochemistry. 2015 Oct 27; 54(42):6545-54. PMID: 26422686; PMCID: PMC4801481.
    7. Kane JR, Stanley DJ, Hultquist JF, Johnson JR, Mietrach N, Binning JM, Jónsson SR, Barelier S, Newton BW, Johnson TL, Franks-Skiba KE, Li M, Brown WL, Gunnarsson HI, Adalbjornsdóttir A, Fraser JS, Harris RS, Andrésdóttir V, Gross JD, Krogan NJ. Lineage-Specific Viral Hijacking of Non-canonical E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Cofactors in the Evolution of Vif Anti-APOBEC3 Activity. Cell Rep. 2015 May 26; 11(8):1236-50. PMID: 25981045; PMCID: PMC4613747.
    8. Aglietti RA, Floor SN, McClendon CL, Jacobson MP, Gross JD. Active site conformational dynamics are coupled to catalysis in the mRNA decapping enzyme Dcp2. Structure. 2013 Sep 03; 21(9):1571-80. PMID: 23911090; PMCID: PMC3769517.
    9. Watson LC, Kuchenbecker KM, Schiller BJ, Gross JD, Pufall MA, Yamamoto KR. The glucocorticoid receptor dimer interface allosterically transmits sequence-specific DNA signals. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2013 Jul; 20(7):876-83. PMID: 23728292; PMCID: PMC3702670.
    10. Mugridge JS, Gross JD. Judge, jury, and executioner: DXO functions as a decapping enzyme and exoribonuclease in pre-mRNA quality control. Mol Cell. 2013 Apr 11; 50(1):2-4. PMID: 23582258; PMCID: PMC3665275.
    11. Fraser JS, Gross JD, Krogan NJ. From systems to structure: bridging networks and mechanism. Mol Cell. 2013 Jan 24; 49(2):222-31. PMID: 23352243; PMCID: PMC3558917.
    12. Kim DY, Kwon E, Hartley PD, Crosby DC, Mann S, Krogan NJ, Gross JD. CBFß stabilizes HIV Vif to counteract APOBEC3 at the expense of RUNX1 target gene expression. Mol Cell. 2013 Feb 21; 49(4):632-44. PMID: 23333304; PMCID: PMC3582769.
    13. Stanley DJ, Bartholomeeusen K, Crosby DC, Kim DY, Kwon E, Yen L, Cartozo NC, Li M, Jäger S, Mason-Herr J, Hayashi F, Yokoyama S, Krogan NJ, Harris RS, Peterlin BM, Gross JD. Inhibition of a NEDD8 Cascade Restores Restriction of HIV by APOBEC3G. PLoS Pathog. 2012 Dec; 8(12):e1003085. PMID: 23300442; PMCID: PMC3531493.
    14. Kwon E, Kim DY, Ngo TD, Gross CA, Gross JD, Kim KK. The crystal structure of the periplasmic domain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus CpxA. Protein Sci. 2012 Sep; 21(9):1334-43. PMID: 22760860; PMCID: PMC3631362.
    15. Floor SN, Borja MS, Gross JD. Interdomain dynamics and coactivation of the mRNA decapping enzyme Dcp2 are mediated by a gatekeeper tryptophan. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 21; 109(8):2872-7. PMID: 22323607; PMCID: PMC3286934.
    16. Jäger S, Kim DY, Hultquist JF, Shindo K, LaRue RS, Kwon E, Li M, Anderson BD, Yen L, Stanley D, Mahon C, Kane J, Franks-Skiba K, Cimermancic P, Burlingame A, Sali A, Craik CS, Harris RS, Gross JD, Krogan NJ. Vif hijacks CBF-ß to degrade APOBEC3G and promote HIV-1 infection. Nature. 2011 Dec 21; 481(7381):371-5. PMID: 22190037; PMCID: PMC3310910.
    17. Borja MS, Piotukh K, Freund C, Gross JD. Dcp1 links coactivators of mRNA decapping to Dcp2 by proline recognition. RNA. 2011 Feb; 17(2):278-90. PMID: 21148770; PMCID: PMC3022277.
    18. Kwon E, Kim DY, Gross CA, Gross JD, Kim KK. The crystal structure Escherichia coli Spy. Protein Sci. 2010 Nov; 19(11):2252-9. PMID: 20799348; PMCID: PMC3005795.
    19. Floor SN, Jones BN, Hernandez GA, Gross JD. A split active site couples cap recognition by Dcp2 to activation. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2010 Sep; 17(9):1096-101. PMID: 20711189; PMCID: PMC2933276.
    20. Harigaya Y, Jones BN, Muhlrad D, Gross JD, Parker R. Identification and analysis of the interaction between Edc3 and Dcp2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Mar; 30(6):1446-56. PMID: 20086104; PMCID: PMC2832485.
    21. Harjes E, Gross PJ, Chen KM, Lu Y, Shindo K, Nowarski R, Gross JD, Kotler M, Harris RS, Matsuo H. An extended structure of the APOBEC3G catalytic domain suggests a unique holoenzyme model. J Mol Biol. 2009 Jun 26; 389(5):819-32. PMID: 19389408; PMCID: PMC2700007.
    22. Lampe JN, Floor SN, Gross JD, Nishida CR, Jiang Y, Trnka MJ, Ortiz de Montellano PR. Ligand-induced conformational heterogeneity of cytochrome P450 CYP119 identified by 2D NMR spectroscopy with the unnatural amino acid (13)C-p-methoxyphenylalanine. J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Dec 03; 130(48):16168-9. PMID: 18998650; PMCID: PMC2645923.
    23. Floor SN, Jones BN, Gross JD. Control of mRNA decapping by Dcp2: An open and shut case? RNA Biol. 2008 Oct-Dec; 5(4):189-92. PMID: 18971632; PMCID: PMC2699264.
    24. Campbell LA, Faivre EJ, Show MD, Ingraham JG, Flinders J, Gross JD, Ingraham HA. Decreased recognition of SUMO-sensitive target genes following modification of SF-1 (NR5A1). Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Dec; 28(24):7476-86. PMID: 18838537; PMCID: PMC2593425.
    25. Neher SB, Bradshaw N, Floor SN, Gross JD, Walter P. SRP RNA controls a conformational switch regulating the SRP-SRP receptor interaction. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2008 Sep; 15(9):916-23. PMID: 19172744; PMCID: PMC2767265.
    26. Deshmukh MV, Jones BN, Quang-Dang DU, Flinders J, Floor SN, Kim C, Jemielity J, Kalek M, Darzynkiewicz E, Gross JD. mRNA decapping is promoted by an RNA-binding channel in Dcp2. Mol Cell. 2008 Feb 15; 29(3):324-36. PMID: 18280238.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Jones BN, Quang-Dang DU, Oku Y, Gross JD. A kinetic assay to monitor RNA decapping under single- turnover conditions. Methods Enzymol. 2008; 448:23-40. PMID: 19111169.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Toyama BH, Kelly MJ, Gross JD, Weissman JS. The structural basis of yeast prion strain variants. Nature. 2007 Sep 13; 449(7159):233-7. PMID: 17767153.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Deshmukh MV, Oku Y, Gross JD. Backbone and sidechain methyl Ile (delta1), Leu and Val resonance assignments of the catalytic domain of the yeast mRNA decapping enzyme, Dcp2. Biomol NMR Assign. 2007 Jul; 1(1):17-8. PMID: 19636815.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Moerke NJ, Aktas H, Chen H, Cantel S, Reibarkh MY, Fahmy A, Gross JD, Degterev A, Yuan J, Chorev M, Halperin JA, Wagner G. Small-molecule inhibition of the interaction between the translation initiation factors eIF4E and eIF4G. Cell. 2007 Jan 26; 128(2):257-67. PMID: 17254965.
      View in: PubMed
    31. von der Haar T, Oku Y, Ptushkina M, Moerke N, Wagner G, Gross JD, McCarthy JE. Folding transitions during assembly of the eukaryotic mRNA cap-binding complex. J Mol Biol. 2006 Mar 03; 356(4):982-92. PMID: 16405910.
      View in: PubMed
    32. He C, Hus JC, Sun LJ, Zhou P, Norman DP, Dötsch V, Wei H, Gross JD, Lane WS, Wagner G, Verdine GL. A methylation-dependent electrostatic switch controls DNA repair and transcriptional activation by E. coli ada. Mol Cell. 2005 Oct 07; 20(1):117-29. PMID: 16209950.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Chatwood LL, Müller J, Gross JD, Wagner G, Lippard SJ. NMR structure of the flavin domain from soluble methane monooxygenase reductase from Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath). Biochemistry. 2004 Sep 28; 43(38):11983-91. PMID: 15379538.
      View in: PubMed
    34. von der Haar T, Gross JD, Wagner G, McCarthy JE. The mRNA cap-binding protein eIF4E in post-transcriptional gene expression. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2004 Jun; 11(6):503-11. PMID: 15164008.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Gross JD, Moerke NJ, von der Haar T, Lugovskoy AA, Sachs AB, McCarthy JE, Wagner G. Ribosome loading onto the mRNA cap is driven by conformational coupling between eIF4G and eIF4E. Cell. 2003 Dec 12; 115(6):739-50. PMID: 14675538.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Lugovskoy AA, Degterev AI, Fahmy AF, Zhou P, Gross JD, Yuan J, Wagner G. A novel approach for characterizing protein ligand complexes: molecular basis for specificity of small-molecule Bcl-2 inhibitors. J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Feb 20; 124(7):1234-40. PMID: 11841292.
      View in: PubMed
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