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Jayanta Debnath, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentPathology
Address513 Parnassus Ave
San Francisco CA 94143
Phone415-476-1780
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Harvard Medical SchoolM.D.1998School of Medicine
    Brigham and Women's HospitalResidency2000Pathology
    Harvard Medical SchoolPost-doc 2005Cell Biology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Autophagy In Cell Survival and Cancer Progression

    Autophagy is a fundamental catabolic process in which a cell literally “eats itself”. During autophagy, the cytoplasm and organelles of a cell are sequestered within double membrane vacuoles, called autophagosomes, and subsequently delivered to the lysosome for degradation. In eukaryotic cells, autophagy primarily functions as a critical survival response during nutrient deprivation or stress; as a result, interest in manipulating this tightly controlled self-eating process to treat human diseases, such as cancer, has rapidly intensified.

    My laboratory focuses how autophagy contributes to cell survival and cancer progression using both in vitro and in vivo models. Our three main goals are: 1) determine the role of autophagy in cancer metabolism, cell survival and oncogenic transformation; 2) delineate the role of autophagy in cancer progression and metastasis in vivo; and 3) dissect the biological and biochemical functions of the molecules that control autophagy (called ATGs) to ultimately exploit this process for therapeutic benefit.

    Ongoing Research:

    Autophagy, metabolic fitness, and oncogenic transformation: Cancer cells are resistant to anoikis, a form of apoptosis observed in epithelial cells deprived of extracellular matrix (ECM) contact. Several years ago, we discovered that autophagy serves as a mechanism of anoikis resistance. In follow-up work, we have discovered that autophagy also facilitates glycolytic metabolism during oncogenic transformation. Based on these findings, we are dissecting how autophagy contributes to the metabolic fitness of oncogene-transformed cells, allowing them to survive and expand in response to ECM deprivation and other microenvironmental stresses.

    Autophagy in cancer progression and metastases: My laboratory is also delineating how autophagy impacts breast cancer progression in vivo using mouse cancer models. We have created mice containing conditional null mutant alleles that allow us to delete autophagy in a tissue specific manner. We are now crossing with established mouse models of metastatic breast cancer to define the role of autophagy in cancer progression in vivo. Our studies focus on dissecting the functional requirements for autophagy in both tumor cells as well as key stromal constituents of the larger tumor microenvironment during primary tumor growth and metastasis.

    Novel biochemical and biological functions of ATGs: Despite widespread interest in exploiting autophagy for therapeutic purposes, we have much to learn about how this process works in mammalian cells and tissues. Autophagy is a tightly regulated by highly conserved gene products called ATGs. However, our recent results implicate these ATGs in diverse cellular functions that are distinct from their long-established roles in classical autophagy. Using cell biological, biochemical and yeast genetic approaches, we are: 1) dissecting new roles for ATGs in the control of secretion and adhesion; 2) probing genetic interactions between autophagy and mitochondrial protein quality control pathways; 3) elucidating the cellular functions of ATG12-ATG3, a novel complex between two autophagy regulators discovered in my laboratory, in the control of endocytosis and exosome biogenesis; and 4) determining how autophagy impacts protein translation during starvation.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Autophagy-dependent exosome loading and biogenesis in AD and FTD
    NIH/NIA R01AG057462Sep 15, 2017 - May 31, 2022
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Deciphering Autophagy-Dependent Secretion In Cancer Via Proximity-Based Biotinylation
    NIH/NCI R21CA201849Jun 1, 2016 - May 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Autophagy as a microenvironmental regulator of tumorigenesis and resistance
    NIH/NCI R01CA188404Sep 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Autophagy in Adhesion and Metastasis
    NIH/NCI R01CA126792Jun 1, 2007 - Jan 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Oncogenes and Luminal Apoptosis Within Mammary Acini
    NIH/NCI K08CA098419Aug 1, 2003 - Jan 31, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Roy S, Debnath J. Autophagy enables retromer-dependent plasma membrane translocation of SLC2A1/GLUT1 to enhance glucose uptake. Autophagy. 2017 Sep 21; 1-2. PMID: 28933603.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Monkkonen T, Debnath J. Inflammatory signaling cascades and autophagy in cancer. Autophagy. 2017 Aug 16; 1-9. PMID: 28813180.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Roy S, Leidal AM, Ye J, Ronen SM, Debnath J. Autophagy-Dependent Shuttling of TBC1D5 Controls Plasma Membrane Translocation of GLUT1 and Glucose Uptake. Mol Cell. 2017 Jul 06; 67(1):84-95.e5. PMID: 28602638.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Galluzzi L, Baehrecke EH, Ballabio A, Boya P, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Cecconi F, Choi AM, Chu CT, Codogno P, Colombo MI, Cuervo AM, Debnath J, Deretic V, Dikic I, Eskelinen EL, Fimia GM, Fulda S, Gewirtz DA, Green DR, Hansen M, Harper JW, Jäättelä M, Johansen T, Juhasz G, Kimmelman AC, Kraft C, Ktistakis NT, Kumar S, Levine B, Lopez-Otin C, Madeo F, Martens S, Martinez J, Melendez A, Mizushima N, Münz C, Murphy LO, Penninger JM, Piacentini M, Reggiori F, Rubinsztein DC, Ryan KM, Santambrogio L, Scorrano L, Simon AK, Simon HU, Simonsen A, Tavernarakis N, Tooze SA, Yoshimori T, Yuan J, Yue Z, Zhong Q, Kroemer G. Molecular definitions of autophagy and related processes. EMBO J. 2017 Jul 03; 36(13):1811-1836. PMID: 28596378.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Whang MI, Tavares RM, Benjamin DI, Kattah MG, Advincula R, Nomura DK, Debnath J, Malynn BA, Ma A. The Ubiquitin Binding Protein TAX1BP1 Mediates Autophagasome Induction and the Metabolic Transition of Activated T Cells. Immunity. 2017 Mar 21; 46(3):405-420. PMID: 28314591.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Vlahakis A, Debnath J. The Interconnections between Autophagy and Integrin-Mediated Cell Adhesion. J Mol Biol. 2017 Feb 17; 429(4):515-530. PMID: 27932295.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Rose JC, Huang PS, Camp ND, Ye J, Leidal AM, Goreshnik I, Trevillian BM, Dickinson MS, Cunningham-Bryant D, Debnath J, Baker D, Wolf-Yadlin A, Maly DJ. A computationally engineered RAS rheostat reveals RAS-ERK signaling dynamics. Nat Chem Biol. 2017 Jan; 13(1):119-126. PMID: 27870838.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Starobinets H, Ye J, Broz M, Barry K, Goldsmith J, Marsh T, Rostker F, Krummel M, Debnath J. Antitumor adaptive immunity remains intact following inhibition of autophagy and antimalarial treatment. J Clin Invest. 2016 Dec 01; 126(12):4417-4429. PMID: 27775547.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Vlahakis A, Debnath J. Triggering Selective Autophagy at the Right Place and the Right Time. Mol Cell. 2016 Oct 20; 64(2):215-216. PMID: 27768868.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Kenific CM, Wittmann T, Debnath J. Autophagy in adhesion and migration. J Cell Sci. 2016 Oct 15; 129(20):3685-3693. PMID: 27672021.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Solvik T, Debnath J. At the crossroads of autophagy and infection: Noncanonical roles for ATG proteins in viral replication. J Cell Biol. 2016 Aug 29; 214(5):503-5. PMID: 27573461; PMCID: PMC5004452 [Available on 02/28/17].
    12. Altshuler-Keylin S, Shinoda K, Hasegawa Y, Ikeda K, Hong H, Kang Q, Yang Y, Perera RM, Debnath J, Kajimura S, et al. Beige Adipocyte Maintenance Is Regulated by Autophagy-Induced Mitochondrial Clearance. Cell Metab. 2016 Sep 13; 24(3):402-19. PMID: 27568548; PMCID: PMC5023491 [Available on 09/13/17].
    13. Kenific CM, Debnath J, et al. NBR1-dependent selective autophagy is required for efficient cell-matrix adhesion site disassembly. Autophagy. 2016 Oct 02; 12(10):1958-1959. PMID: 27484104.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Liu J, Debnath J. The Evolving, Multifaceted Roles of Autophagy in Cancer. Adv Cancer Res. 2016; 130:1-53. PMID: 27037750.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Kenific CM, Stehbens SJ, Goldsmith J, Leidal AM, Faure N, Ye J, Wittmann T, Debnath J. NBR1 enables autophagy-dependent focal adhesion turnover. J Cell Biol. 2016 Feb 29; 212(5):577-90. PMID: 26903539; PMCID: PMC4772495.
    16. Klionsky DJ, Abdelmohsen K, Abe A, Abedin MJ, Abeliovich H, Acevedo Arozena A, Adachi H, Adams CM, Adams PD, Adeli K, Adhihetty PJ, Adler SG, Agam G, Agarwal R, Aghi MK, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguilar PV, Aguirre-Ghiso J, Airoldi EM, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akporiaye ET, Al-Rubeai M, Albaiceta GM, Albanese C, Albani D, Albert ML, Aldudo J, Algül H, Alirezaei M, Alloza I, Almasan A, Almonte-Beceril M, Alnemri ES, Alonso C, Altan-Bonnet N, Altieri DC, Alvarez S, Alvarez-Erviti L, Alves S, Amadoro G, Amano A, Amantini C, Ambrosio S, Amelio I, Amer AO, Amessou M, Amon A, An Z, Anania FA, Andersen SU, Andley UP, Andreadi CK, Andrieu-Abadie N, Anel A, Ann DK, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Antonioli M, Aoki H, Apostolova N, Aquila S, Aquilano K, Araki K, Arama E, Aranda A, Araya J, Arcaro A, Arias E, Arimoto H, Ariosa AR, Armstrong JL, Arnould T, Arsov I, Asanuma K, Askanas V, Asselin E, Atarashi R, Atherton SS, Atkin JD, Attardi LD, Auberger P, Auburger G, Aurelian L, Autelli R, Avagliano L, Avantaggiati ML, Avrahami L, Awale S, Azad N, Bachetti T, Backer JM, Bae DH, Bae JS, Bae ON, Bae SH, Baehrecke EH, Baek SH, Baghdiguian S, Bagniewska-Zadworna A, Bai H, Bai J, Bai XY, Bailly Y, Balaji KN, Balduini W, Ballabio A, Balzan R, Banerjee R, Bánhegyi G, Bao H, Barbeau B, Barrachina MD, Barreiro E, Bartel B, Bartolomé A, Bassham DC, Bassi MT, Bast RC, Basu A, Batista MT, Batoko H, Battino M, Bauckman K, Baumgarner BL, Bayer KU, Beale R, Beaulieu JF, Beck GR, Becker C, Beckham JD, Bédard PA, Bednarski PJ, Begley TJ, Behl C, Behrends C, Behrens GM, Behrns KE, Bejarano E, Belaid A, Belleudi F, Bénard G, Berchem G, Bergamaschi D, Bergami M, Berkhout B, Berliocchi L, Bernard A, Bernard M, Bernassola F, Bertolotti A, Bess AS, Besteiro S, Bettuzzi S, Bhalla S, Bhattacharyya S, Bhutia SK, Biagosch C, Bianchi MW, Biard-Piechaczyk M, Billes V, Bincoletto C, Bingol B, Bird SW, Bitoun M, Bjedov I, Blackstone C, Blanc L, Blanco GA, Blomhoff HK, Boada-Romero E, Böckler S, Boes M, Boesze-Battaglia K, Boise LH, Bolino A, Boman A, Bonaldo P, Bordi M, Bosch J, Botana LM, Botti J, Bou G, Bouché M, Bouchecareilh M, Boucher MJ, Boulton ME, Bouret SG, Boya P, Boyer-Guittaut M, Bozhkov PV, Brady N, Braga VM, Brancolini C, Braus GH, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Brennan LA, Bresnick EH, Brest P, Bridges D, Bringer MA, Brini M, Brito GC, Brodin B, Brookes PS, Brown EJ, Brown K, Broxmeyer HE, Bruhat A, Brum PC, Brumell JH, Brunetti-Pierri N, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Buch S, Buchan AM, Budak H, Bulavin DV, Bultman SJ, Bultynck G, Bumbasirevic V, Burelle Y, Burke RE, Burmeister M, Bütikofer P, Caberlotto L, Cadwell K, Cahova M, Cai D, Cai J, Cai Q, Calatayud S, Camougrand N, Campanella M, Campbell GR, Campbell M, Campello S, Candau R, Caniggia I, Cantoni L, Cao L, Caplan AB, Caraglia M, Cardinali C, Cardoso SM, Carew JS, Carleton LA, Carlin CR, Carloni S, Carlsson SR, Carmona-Gutierrez D, Carneiro LA, Carnevali O, Carra S, Carrier A, Carroll B, Casas C, Casas J, Cassinelli G, Castets P, Castro-Obregon S, Cavallini G, Ceccherini I, Cecconi F, Cederbaum AI, Ceña V, Cenci S, Cerella C, Cervia D, Cetrullo S, Chaachouay H, Chae HJ, Chagin AS, Chai CY, Chakrabarti G, Chamilos G, Chan EY, Chan MT, Chandra D, Chandra P, Chang CP, Chang RC, Chang TY, Chatham JC, Chatterjee S, Chauhan S, Che Y, Cheetham ME, Cheluvappa R, Chen CJ, Chen G, Chen GC, Chen G, Chen H, Chen JW, Chen JK, Chen M, Chen M, Chen P, Chen Q, Chen Q, Chen SD, Chen S, Chen SS, Chen W, Chen WJ, Chen WQ, Chen W, Chen X, Chen YH, Chen YG, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen YJ, Chen YQ, Chen Y, Chen Z, Chen Z, Cheng A, Cheng CH, Cheng H, Cheong H, Cherry S, Chesney J, Cheung CH, Chevet E, Chi HC, Chi SG, Chiacchiera F, Chiang HL, Chiarelli R, Chiariello M, Chieppa M, Chin LS, Chiong M, Chiu GN, Cho DH, Cho SG, Cho WC, Cho YY, Cho YS, Choi AM, Choi EJ, Choi EK, Choi J, Choi ME, Choi SI, Chou TF, Chouaib S, Choubey D, Choubey V, Chow KC, Chowdhury K, Chu CT, Chuang TH, Chun T, Chung H, Chung T, Chung YL, Chwae YJ, et al. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition). Autophagy. 2016; 12(1):1-222. PMID: 26799652; PMCID: PMC4835977 [Available on 01/21/17].
    17. Kimmey JM, Huynh JP, Weiss LA, Park S, Kambal A, Debnath J, Virgin HW, Stallings CL. Unique role for ATG5 in neutrophil-mediated immunopathology during M. tuberculosis infection. Nature. 2015 Dec 24; 528(7583):565-9. PMID: 26649827; PMCID: PMC4842313.
    18. Leidal AM, Debnath J. Autophagy Devours the Nuclear Lamina to Thwart Oncogenic Stress. Dev Cell. 2015 Dec 07; 35(5):529-30. PMID: 26651287.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Salas E, Roy S, Marsh T, Rubin B, Debnath J. Oxidative pentose phosphate pathway inhibition is a key determinant of antimalarial induced cancer cell death. Oncogene. 2016 Jun 02; 35(22):2913-22. PMID: 26434592; PMCID: PMC4821829.
    20. Kaur J, Debnath J. Autophagy at the crossroads of catabolism and anabolism. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2015 Aug; 16(8):461-72. PMID: 26177004.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Galluzzi L, Pietrocola F, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Amaravadi RK, Baehrecke EH, Cecconi F, Codogno P, Debnath J, Gewirtz DA, Karantza V, Kimmelman A, Kumar S, Levine B, Maiuri MC, Martin SJ, Penninger J, Piacentini M, Rubinsztein DC, Simon HU, Simonsen A, Thorburn AM, Velasco G, Ryan KM, Kroemer G. Autophagy in malignant transformation and cancer progression. EMBO J. 2015 Apr 01; 34(7):856-80. PMID: 25712477; PMCID: PMC4388596.
    22. Murrow L, Malhotra R, Debnath J. ATG12-ATG3 interacts with Alix to promote basal autophagic flux and late endosome function. Nat Cell Biol. 2015 Mar; 17(3):300-10. PMID: 25686249; PMCID: PMC4344874.
    23. Murrow L, Debnath J. A nuclear option that initiates autophagy. Mol Cell. 2015 Feb 05; 57(3):393-5. PMID: 25658203.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Mar FA, Debnath J, Stohr BA. Autophagy-independent senescence and genome instability driven by targeted telomere dysfunction. Autophagy. 2015; 11(3):527-37. PMID: 25751002; PMCID: PMC4502814.
    25. Murrow L, Debnath J. ATG12-ATG3 connects basal autophagy and late endosome function. Autophagy. 2015; 11(6):961-2. PMID: 25998418; PMCID: PMC4502820.
    26. Marsh T, Debnath J. Ironing out VPS34 inhibition. Nat Cell Biol. 2015 Jan; 17(1):1-3. PMID: 25679028.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Malhotra R, Warne JP, Salas E, Xu AW, Debnath J. Loss of Atg12, but not Atg5, in pro-opiomelanocortin neurons exacerbates diet-induced obesity. Autophagy. 2015; 11(1):145-54. PMID: 25585051; PMCID: PMC4502780.
    28. Kenific CM, Debnath J. Cellular and metabolic functions for autophagy in cancer cells. Trends Cell Biol. 2015 Jan; 25(1):37-45. PMID: 25278333; PMCID: PMC4275311.
    29. Amaravadi R, Debnath J. Mouse models address key concerns regarding autophagy inhibition in cancer therapy. Cancer Discov. 2014 Aug; 4(8):873-5. PMID: 25092744; PMCID: PMC4124512.
    30. Leidal AM, Debnath J. 'Doubling down' on the autophagy pathway to suppress tumor growth. Genes Dev. 2014 Jun 01; 28(11):1137-9. PMID: 24888584; PMCID: PMC4052759.
    31. Lock R, Kenific CM, Leidal AM, Salas E, Debnath J. Autophagy-dependent production of secreted factors facilitates oncogenic RAS-driven invasion. Cancer Discov. 2014 Apr; 4(4):466-79. PMID: 24513958; PMCID: PMC3980002.
    32. Goldsmith J, Levine B, Debnath J. Autophagy and cancer metabolism. Methods Enzymol. 2014; 542:25-57. PMID: 24862259.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Haller M, Hock AK, Giampazolias E, Oberst A, Green DR, Debnath J, Ryan KM, Vousden KH, Tait SW. Ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of ATG12 regulates its proapoptotic activity. Autophagy. 2014; 10(12):2269-78. PMID: 25629932; PMCID: PMC4502749.
    34. Starobinets H, Debnath J. Cancer: A suppression switch. Nature. 2013 Dec 12; 504(7479):225-6. PMID: 24305045.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Damiano L, Stewart KM, Cohet N, Mouw JK, Lakins JN, Debnath J, Reisman D, Nickerson JA, Imbalzano AN, Weaver VM. Oncogenic targeting of BRM drives malignancy through C/EBPß-dependent induction of a5 integrin. Oncogene. 2014 May 08; 33(19):2441-53. PMID: 23770848; PMCID: PMC3960370.
    36. Chen N, Debnath J. I?B kinase complex (IKK) triggers detachment-induced autophagy in mammary epithelial cells independently of the PI3K-AKT-MTORC1 pathway. Autophagy. 2013 Aug; 9(8):1214-27. PMID: 23778976; PMCID: PMC3748193.
    37. Warr MR, Binnewies M, Flach J, Reynaud D, Garg T, Malhotra R, Debnath J, Passegué E. FOXO3A directs a protective autophagy program in haematopoietic stem cells. Nature. 2013 Feb 21; 494(7437):323-7. PMID: 23389440; PMCID: PMC3579002.
    38. Sosa MS, Bragado P, Debnath J, Aguirre-Ghiso JA. Regulation of tumor cell dormancy by tissue microenvironments and autophagy. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013; 734:73-89. PMID: 23143976; PMCID: PMC3651695.
    39. Avivar-Valderas A, Bobrovnikova-Marjon E, Alan Diehl J, Bardeesy N, Debnath J, Aguirre-Ghiso JA. Regulation of autophagy during ECM detachment is linked to a selective inhibition of mTORC1 by PERK. Oncogene. 2013 Oct 10; 32(41):4932-40. PMID: 23160380; PMCID: PMC3600386.
    40. Murrow L, Debnath J. Autophagy as a stress-response and quality-control mechanism: implications for cell injury and human disease. Annu Rev Pathol. 2013 Jan 24; 8:105-37. PMID: 23072311; PMCID: PMC3971121.
    41. Chen N, Eritja N, Lock R, Debnath J. Autophagy restricts proliferation driven by oncogenic phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in three-dimensional culture. Oncogene. 2013 May 16; 32(20):2543-54. PMID: 22777351; PMCID: PMC3470740.
    42. Nedvetsky PI, Kwon SH, Debnath J, Mostov KE. Cyclic AMP regulates formation of mammary epithelial acini in vitro. Mol Biol Cell. 2012 Aug; 23(15):2973-81. PMID: 22675028; PMCID: PMC3408423.
    43. Lee HS, Daniels BH, Salas E, Bollen AW, Debnath J, Margeta M. Clinical utility of LC3 and p62 immunohistochemistry in diagnosis of drug-induced autophagic vacuolar myopathies: a case-control study. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e36221. PMID: 22558391; PMCID: PMC3338695.
    44. Klionsky DJ, Abdalla FC, Abeliovich H, Abraham RT, Acevedo-Arozena A, Adeli K, Agholme L, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguirre-Ghiso JA, Ahn HJ, Ait-Mohamed O, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akira S, Al-Younes HM, Al-Zeer MA, Albert ML, Albin RL, Alegre-Abarrategui J, Aleo MF, Alirezaei M, Almasan A, Almonte-Becerril M, Amano A, Amaravadi R, Amarnath S, Amer AO, Andrieu-Abadie N, Anantharam V, Ann DK, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Aoki H, Apostolova N, Arancia G, Aris JP, Asanuma K, Asare NY, Ashida H, Askanas V, Askew DS, Auberger P, Baba M, Backues SK, Baehrecke EH, Bahr BA, Bai XY, Bailly Y, Baiocchi R, Baldini G, Balduini W, Ballabio A, Bamber BA, Bampton ET, Bánhegyi G, Bartholomew CR, Bassham DC, Bast RC, Batoko H, Bay BH, Beau I, Béchet DM, Begley TJ, Behl C, Behrends C, Bekri S, Bellaire B, Bendall LJ, Benetti L, Berliocchi L, Bernardi H, Bernassola F, Besteiro S, Bhatia-Kissova I, Bi X, Biard-Piechaczyk M, Blum JS, Boise LH, Bonaldo P, Boone DL, Bornhauser BC, Bortoluci KR, Bossis I, Bost F, Bourquin JP, Boya P, Boyer-Guittaut M, Bozhkov PV, Brady NR, Brancolini C, Brech A, Brenman JE, Brennand A, Bresnick EH, Brest P, Bridges D, Bristol ML, Brookes PS, Brown EJ, Brumell JH, Brunetti-Pierri N, Brunk UT, Bulman DE, Bultman SJ, Bultynck G, Burbulla LF, Bursch W, Butchar JP, Buzgariu W, Bydlowski SP, Cadwell K, Cahová M, Cai D, Cai J, Cai Q, Calabretta B, Calvo-Garrido J, Camougrand N, Campanella M, Campos-Salinas J, Candi E, Cao L, Caplan AB, Carding SR, Cardoso SM, Carew JS, Carlin CR, Carmignac V, Carneiro LA, Carra S, Caruso RA, Casari G, Casas C, Castino R, Cebollero E, Cecconi F, Celli J, Chaachouay H, Chae HJ, Chai CY, Chan DC, Chan EY, Chang RC, Che CM, Chen CC, Chen GC, Chen GQ, Chen M, Chen Q, Chen SS, Chen W, Chen X, Chen X, Chen X, Chen YG, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen YJ, Chen Z, Cheng A, Cheng CH, Cheng Y, Cheong H, Cheong JH, Cherry S, Chess-Williams R, Cheung ZH, Chevet E, Chiang HL, Chiarelli R, Chiba T, Chin LS, Chiou SH, Chisari FV, Cho CH, Cho DH, Choi AM, Choi D, Choi KS, Choi ME, Chouaib S, Choubey D, Choubey V, Chu CT, Chuang TH, Chueh SH, Chun T, Chwae YJ, Chye ML, Ciarcia R, Ciriolo MR, Clague MJ, Clark RS, Clarke PG, Clarke R, Codogno P, Coller HA, Colombo MI, Comincini S, Condello M, Condorelli F, Cookson MR, Coombs GH, Coppens I, Corbalan R, Cossart P, Costelli P, Costes S, Coto-Montes A, Couve E, Coxon FP, Cregg JM, Crespo JL, Cronjé MJ, Cuervo AM, Cullen JJ, Czaja MJ, D'Amelio M, Darfeuille-Michaud A, Davids LM, Davies FE, De Felici M, de Groot JF, de Haan CA, De Martino L, De Milito A, De Tata V, Debnath J, Degterev A, Dehay B, Delbridge LM, Demarchi F, Deng YZ, Dengjel J, Dent P, Denton D, Deretic V, Desai SD, Devenish RJ, Di Gioacchino M, Di Paolo G, Di Pietro C, Díaz-Araya G, Díaz-Laviada I, Diaz-Meco MT, Diaz-Nido J, Dikic I, Dinesh-Kumar SP, Ding WX, Distelhorst CW, Diwan A, Djavaheri-Mergny M, Dokudovskaya S, Dong Z, Dorsey FC, Dosenko V, Dowling JJ, Doxsey S, Dreux M, Drew ME, Duan Q, Duchosal MA, Duff K, Dugail I, Durbeej M, Duszenko M, Edelstein CL, Edinger AL, Egea G, Eichinger L, Eissa NT, Ekmekcioglu S, El-Deiry WS, Elazar Z, Elgendy M, Ellerby LM, Eng KE, Engelbrecht AM, Engelender S, Erenpreisa J, Escalante R, Esclatine A, Eskelinen EL, Espert L, Espina V, Fan H, Fan J, Fan QW, Fan Z, Fang S, Fang Y, Fanto M, Fanzani A, Farkas T, Farré JC, Faure M, Fechheimer M, Feng CG, Feng J, Feng Q, Feng Y, Fésüs L, Feuer R, Figueiredo-Pereira ME, Fimia GM, Fingar DC, Finkbeiner S, Finkel T, Finley KD, Fiorito F, Fisher EA, Fisher PB, Flajolet M, Florez-McClure ML, Florio S, Fon EA, Fornai F, Fortunato F, Fotedar R, Fowler DH, Fox HS, Franco R, Frankel LB, Fransen M, Fuentes JM, Fueyo J, Fujii J, Fujisaki K, Fujita E, Fukuda M, Furukawa RH, Gaestel M, Gailly P, Gajewska M, Galliot B, Galy V, Ganesh S, Ganetzky B, Ganley IG, Gao FB, Gao GF, Gao J, Garcia L, Garcia-Manero G, Garcia-Marcos M, Garmyn M, Gartel AL, Gatti E, Gautel M, Gawriluk TR, Gegg ME, Geng J, Germain M, Gestwicki JE, Gewirtz DA, Ghavami S, et al. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy. Autophagy. 2012 Apr; 8(4):445-544. PMID: 22966490; PMCID: PMC3404883.
    45. Thorburn A, Debnath J. Targeting chaperone-mediated autophagy in cancer. Sci Transl Med. 2011 Nov 16; 3(109):109ps45. PMID: 22089450.
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    47. Debnath J. The multifaceted roles of autophagy in tumors-implications for breast cancer. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2011 Sep; 16(3):173-87. PMID: 21779879; PMCID: PMC3170851.
    48. Avivar-Valderas A, Salas E, Bobrovnikova-Marjon E, Diehl JA, Nagi C, Debnath J, Aguirre-Ghiso JA. PERK integrates autophagy and oxidative stress responses to promote survival during extracellular matrix detachment. Mol Cell Biol. 2011 Sep; 31(17):3616-29. PMID: 21709020; PMCID: PMC3165554.
    49. Mirzoeva OK, Hann B, Hom YK, Debnath J, Aftab D, Shokat K, Korn WM. Autophagy suppression promotes apoptotic cell death in response to inhibition of the PI3K-mTOR pathway in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. J Mol Med (Berl). 2011 Sep; 89(9):877-89. PMID: 21678117.
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    50. Lock R, Debnath J. Ras, autophagy and glycolysis. Cell Cycle. 2011 May 15; 10(10):1516-7. PMID: 21467842.
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    52. Lock R, Roy S, Kenific CM, Su JS, Salas E, Ronen SM, Debnath J. Autophagy facilitates glycolysis during Ras-mediated oncogenic transformation. Mol Biol Cell. 2011 Jan 15; 22(2):165-78. PMID: 21119005; PMCID: PMC3020913.
    53. Rubin BP, Debnath J. Therapeutic implications of autophagy-mediated cell survival in gastrointestinal stromal tumor after treatment with imatinib mesylate. Autophagy. 2010 Nov; 6(8):1190-1. PMID: 20930540; PMCID: PMC3359491.
    54. Fan QW, Cheng C, Hackett C, Feldman M, Houseman BT, Nicolaides T, Haas-Kogan D, James CD, Oakes SA, Debnath J, Shokat KM, Weiss WA. Akt and autophagy cooperate to promote survival of drug-resistant glioma. Sci Signal. 2010 Nov 09; 3(147):ra81. PMID: 21062993; PMCID: PMC3001107.
    55. Radoshevich L, Murrow L, Chen N, Fernandez E, Roy S, Fung C, Debnath J. ATG12 conjugation to ATG3 regulates mitochondrial homeostasis and cell death. Cell. 2010 Aug 20; 142(4):590-600. PMID: 20723759; PMCID: PMC2925044.
    56. Debnath J. p66(Shc) and Ras: controlling anoikis from the inside-out. Oncogene. 2010 Oct 14; 29(41):5556-8. PMID: 20711240.
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    59. Spilman P, Podlutskaya N, Hart MJ, Debnath J, Gorostiza O, Bredesen D, Richardson A, Strong R, Galvan V. Inhibition of mTOR by rapamycin abolishes cognitive deficits and reduces amyloid-beta levels in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. PLoS One. 2010 Apr 01; 5(4):e9979. PMID: 20376313; PMCID: PMC2848616.
    60. Kim SH, Debnath J, Mostov K, Park S, Hunt CA. A computational approach to resolve cell level contributions to early glandular epithelial cancer progression. BMC Syst Biol. 2009 Dec 31; 3:122. PMID: 20043854; PMCID: PMC2814811.
    61. Chen N, Debnath J. Autophagy and tumorigenesis. FEBS Lett. 2010 Apr 02; 584(7):1427-35. PMID: 20035753; PMCID: PMC2843775.
    62. Kenific CM, Thorburn A, Debnath J. Autophagy and metastasis: another double-edged sword. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2010 Apr; 22(2):241-5. PMID: 19945838; PMCID: PMC2854304.
    63. Kim SH, Park S, Mostov K, Debnath J, Hunt CA. Computational investigation of epithelial cell dynamic phenotype in vitro. Theor Biol Med Model. 2009 May 28; 6:8. PMID: 19476639; PMCID: PMC2696420.
    64. N'Diaye EN, Debnath J, Brown EJ. Ubiquilins accelerate autophagosome maturation and promote cell survival during nutrient starvation. Autophagy. 2009 May; 5(4):573-5. PMID: 19398896.
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    65. N'Diaye EN, Kajihara KK, Hsieh I, Morisaki H, Debnath J, Brown EJ. PLIC proteins or ubiquilins regulate autophagy-dependent cell survival during nutrient starvation. EMBO Rep. 2009 Feb; 10(2):173-9. PMID: 19148225; PMCID: PMC2637314.
    66. Debnath J. Detachment-induced autophagy in three-dimensional epithelial cell cultures. Methods Enzymol. 2009; 452:423-39. PMID: 19200896.
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    67. Lock R, Debnath J. Extracellular matrix regulation of autophagy. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2008 Oct; 20(5):583-8. PMID: 18573652; PMCID: PMC2613490.
    68. Debnath J. Detachment-induced autophagy during anoikis and lumen formation in epithelial acini. Autophagy. 2008 Apr; 4(3):351-3. PMID: 18196957.
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    69. Hebner C, Weaver VM, Debnath J. Modeling morphogenesis and oncogenesis in three-dimensional breast epithelial cultures. Annu Rev Pathol. 2008; 3:313-39. PMID: 18039125.
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    70. Fung C, Lock R, Gao S, Salas E, Debnath J. Induction of autophagy during extracellular matrix detachment promotes cell survival. Mol Biol Cell. 2008 Mar; 19(3):797-806. PMID: 18094039; PMCID: PMC2262959.
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    73. Debnath J, Brugge JS. Modelling glandular epithelial cancers in three-dimensional cultures. Nat Rev Cancer. 2005 Sep; 5(9):675-88. PMID: 16148884.
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    74. Debnath J, Baehrecke EH, Kroemer G. Does autophagy contribute to cell death? Autophagy. 2005 Jul; 1(2):66-74. PMID: 16874022.
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    75. Wrobel CN, Debnath J, Lin E, Beausoleil S, Roussel MF, Brugge JS. Autocrine CSF-1R activation promotes Src-dependent disruption of mammary epithelial architecture. J Cell Biol. 2004 Apr 26; 165(2):263-73. PMID: 15117969; PMCID: PMC2172030.
    76. Mills KR, Reginato M, Debnath J, Queenan B, Brugge JS. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is required for induction of autophagy during lumen formation in vitro. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Mar 09; 101(10):3438-43. PMID: 14993595; PMCID: PMC373480.
    77. Debnath J, Walker SJ, Brugge JS. Akt activation disrupts mammary acinar architecture and enhances proliferation in an mTOR-dependent manner. J Cell Biol. 2003 Oct 27; 163(2):315-26. PMID: 14568991; PMCID: PMC2173511.
    78. Reginato MJ, Mills KR, Paulus JK, Lynch DK, Sgroi DC, Debnath J, Muthuswamy SK, Brugge JS. Integrins and EGFR coordinately regulate the pro-apoptotic protein Bim to prevent anoikis. Nat Cell Biol. 2003 Aug; 5(8):733-40. PMID: 12844146.
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    79. Debnath J, Muthuswamy SK, Brugge JS. Morphogenesis and oncogenesis of MCF-10A mammary epithelial acini grown in three-dimensional basement membrane cultures. Methods. 2003 Jul; 30(3):256-68. PMID: 12798140.
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    80. Debnath J, Mills KR, Collins NL, Reginato MJ, Muthuswamy SK, Brugge JS. The role of apoptosis in creating and maintaining luminal space within normal and oncogene-expressing mammary acini. Cell. 2002 Oct 04; 111(1):29-40. PMID: 12372298.
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    81. Czar MJ, Debnath J, Schaeffer EM, Lewis CM, Schwartzberg PL. Biochemical and genetic analyses of the Tec kinases Itk and Rlk/Txk. Biochem Soc Trans. 2001 Nov; 29(Pt 6):863-7. PMID: 11709089.
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    82. Chamorro M, Czar MJ, Debnath J, Cheng G, Lenardo MJ, Varmus HE, Schwartzberg PL. Requirements for activation and RAFT localization of the T-lymphocyte kinase Rlk/Txk. BMC Immunol. 2001; 2:3. PMID: 11353545; PMCID: PMC31577.
    83. Schaeffer EM, Broussard C, Debnath J, Anderson S, McVicar DW, Schwartzberg PL. Tec family kinases modulate thresholds for thymocyte development and selection. J Exp Med. 2000 Oct 02; 192(7):987-1000. PMID: 11015440; PMCID: PMC2193319.
    84. Schaeffer EM, Debnath J, Yap G, McVicar D, Liao XC, Littman DR, Sher A, Varmus HE, Lenardo MJ, Schwartzberg PL. Requirement for Tec kinases Rlk and Itk in T cell receptor signaling and immunity. Science. 1999 Apr 23; 284(5414):638-41. PMID: 10213685.
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    85. Debnath J, Chamorro M, Czar MJ, Schaeffer EM, Lenardo MJ, Varmus HE, Schwartzberg PL. rlk/TXK encodes two forms of a novel cysteine string tyrosine kinase activated by Src family kinases. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Feb; 19(2):1498-507. PMID: 9891083; PMCID: PMC116078.
    86. Van Etten RA, Debnath J, Zhou H, Casasnovas JM. Introduction of a loss-of-function point mutation from the SH3 region of the Caenorhabditis elegans sem-5 gene activates the transforming ability of c-abl in vivo and abolishes binding of proline-rich ligands in vitro. Oncogene. 1995 May 18; 10(10):1977-88. PMID: 7539119.
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    87. Husain PA, Debnath J, May SW. HPLC-based method for determination of absolute configuration of alpha-chiral amines. Anal Chem. 1993 May 15; 65(10):1456-61. PMID: 8517551.
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    88. Debnath J, Husain PA, May SW. Activation of an adrenergic pro-drug through sequential stereoselective action of tandem target enzymes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Nov 30; 189(1):33-9. PMID: 1449487.
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