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    Jeffrey Lotz, PhD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentOrthopaedic Surgery
    Address513 Parnassus Ave, Med Sci
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-476-7881

       Overview 
       Interests
      Spine Biomechanics, Low Back Pain, Intervertebral Disc Tissue Engineering

       ORNG Applications 
       NIH Awarded Grants
       Global Health
       More Info

       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Gullbrand SE, Peterson J, Mastropolo R, Lawrence JP, Lopes L, Lotz J, Ledet EH. Drug-induced changes to the vertebral endplate vasculature affect transport into the intervertebral disc in vivo. J Orthop Res. 2014 Dec; 32(12):1694-700.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Bailey JF, Hargens AR, Cheng KK, Lotz JC. Effect of microgravity on the biomechanical properties of lumbar and caudal intervertebral discs in mice. J Biomech. 2014 Sep 22; 47(12):2983-8.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Bailey JF, Fields AJ, Liebenberg E, Mattison JA, Lotz JC, Kramer PA. Comparison of vertebral and intervertebral disc lesions in aging humans and rhesus monkeys. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2014 Jul; 22(7):980-5.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Kuelling FA, Foley KT, Liu JJ, Liebenberg E, Sin AH, Matsukawa A, Lotz JC. The anabolic effect of plasma-mediated ablation on the intervertebral disc: stimulation of proteoglycan and interleukin-8 production. Spine J. 2014 Oct 1; 14(10):2479-87.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Fields AJ, Rodriguez D, Gary KN, Liebenberg EC, Lotz JC. Influence of biochemical composition on endplate cartilage tensile properties in the human lumbar spine. J Orthop Res. 2014 Feb; 32(2):245-52.
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      6. Cheng KK, Berven SH, Hu SS, Lotz JC. Intervertebral discs from spinal nondeformity and deformity patients have different mechanical and matrix properties. Spine J. 2014 Mar 1; 14(3):522-30.
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      7. O'Reilly OM, Sena MP, Feeley BT, Lotz JC. On representations for joint moments using a joint coordinate system. J Biomech Eng. 2013 Nov; 135(11):114504.
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      8. Fields AJ, Liebenberg EC, Lotz JC. Innervation of pathologies in the lumbar vertebral end plate and intervertebral disc. Spine J. 2014 Mar 1; 14(3):513-21.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Lotz JC, Fields AJ, Liebenberg EC. The role of the vertebral end plate in low back pain. Global Spine J. 2013 Jun; 3(3):153-64.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Sena M, Chen J, Dellamaggioria R, Coughlin DG, Lotz JC, Feeley BT. Dynamic evaluation of pivot-shift kinematics in physeal-sparing pediatric anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques. Am J Sports Med. 2013 Apr; 41(4):826-34.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Fields AJ, Sahli F, Rodriguez AG, Lotz JC. Seeing double: a comparison of microstructure, biomechanical function, and adjacent disc health between double- and single-layer vertebral endplates. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Oct 1; 37(21):E1310-7.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Lotz JC, Haughton V, Boden SD, An HS, Kang JD, Masuda K, Freemont A, Berven S, Sengupta DK, Tanenbaum L, Maurer P, Ranganathan A, Alavi A, Marinelli NL. New treatments and imaging strategies in degenerative disease of the intervertebral disks. Radiology. 2012 Jul; 264(1):6-19.
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      13. Allon AA, Butcher K, Schneider RA, Lotz JC. Structured bilaminar coculture outperforms stem cells and disc cells in a simulated degenerate disc environment. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 1; 37(10):813-8.
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      14. Laws CJ, Coughlin DG, Lotz JC, Serhan HA, Hu SS. Direct lateral approach to lumbar fusion is a biomechanically equivalent alternative to the anterior approach: an in vitro study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 1; 37(10):819-25.
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      15. Allon AA, Butcher K, Schneider RA, Lotz JC. Structured coculture of mesenchymal stem cells and disc cells enhances differentiation and proliferation. Cells Tissues Organs. 2012; 196(2):99-106.
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      16. Acosta FL, Metz L, Adkisson HD, Liu J, Carruthers-Liebenberg E, Milliman C, Maloney M, Lotz JC. Porcine intervertebral disc repair using allogeneic juvenile articular chondrocytes or mesenchymal stem cells. Tissue Eng Part A. 2011 Dec; 17(23-24):3045-55.
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      17. Buser Z, Kuelling F, Liu J, Liebenberg E, Thorne KJ, Coughlin D, Lotz JC. Biological and biomechanical effects of fibrin injection into porcine intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Aug 15; 36(18):E1201-9.
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      18. Rodriguez AG, Rodriguez-Soto AE, Burghardt AJ, Berven S, Majumdar S, Lotz JC. Morphology of the human vertebral endplate. J Orthop Res. 2012 Feb; 30(2):280-7.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Cooke ME, Allon AA, Cheng T, Kuo AC, Kim HT, Vail TP, Marcucio RS, Schneider RA, Lotz JC, Alliston T. Structured three-dimensional co-culture of mesenchymal stem cells with chondrocytes promotes chondrogenic differentiation without hypertrophy. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2011 Oct; 19(10):1210-8.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Rodriguez AG, Slichter CK, Acosta FL, Rodriguez-Soto AE, Burghardt AJ, Majumdar S, Lotz JC. Human disc nucleus properties and vertebral endplate permeability. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Apr 1; 36(7):512-20.
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      21. Christophy M, Faruk Senan NA, Lotz JC, O'Reilly OM. A musculoskeletal model for the lumbar spine. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2012 Jan; 11(1-2):19-34.
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      22. Kennedy A, Coughlin DG, Metzger MF, Tang R, Pearle AD, Lotz JC, Feeley BT. Biomechanical evaluation of pediatric anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques. Am J Sports Med. 2011 May; 39(5):964-71.
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      23. Bailey JF, Liebenberg E, Degmetich S, Lotz JC. Innervation patterns of PGP 9.5-positive nerve fibers within the human lumbar vertebra. J Anat. 2011 Mar; 218(3):263-70.
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      24. Lotz JC. Load and the spine. How does the Goldilocks principle apply? Spine J. 2011 Jan; 11(1):44-5.
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      25. Allon AA, Aurouer N, Yoo BB, Liebenberg EC, Buser Z, Lotz JC. Structured coculture of stem cells and disc cells prevent disc degeneration in a rat model. Spine J. 2010 Dec; 10(12):1089-97.
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      26. Metzger MF, Faruk Senan NA, O'Reilly OM, Lotz JC. Minimizing errors associated with calculating the location of the helical axis for spinal motions. J Biomech. 2010 Oct 19; 43(14):2822-9.
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      27. Hashi CK, Derugin N, Janairo RR, Lee R, Schultz D, Lotz J, Li S. Antithrombogenic modification of small-diameter microfibrous vascular grafts. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2010 Aug; 30(8):1621-7.
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      28. Eguizabal J, Tufaga M, Scheer JK, Ames C, Lotz JC, Buckley JM. Pure moment testing for spinal biomechanics applications: Fixed versus sliding ring cable-driven test designs. J Biomech. 2010 May 7; 43(7):1422-5.
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      29. Masuda K, Lotz JC. New challenges for intervertebral disc treatment using regenerative medicine. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2010 Feb; 16(1):147-58.
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      30. Lotz JC. Trials of vertebroplasty for vertebral fractures. N Engl J Med. 2009 Nov 19; 361(21):2098; author reply 2099-100.
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      31. O'Reilly OM, Metzger MF, Buckley JM, Moody DA, Lotz JC. On the stiffness matrix of the intervertebral joint: application to total disk replacement. J Biomech Eng. 2009 Aug; 131(8):081007.
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      32. Henning TD, Sutton EJ, Kim A, Golovko D, Horvai A, Ackerman L, Sennino B, McDonald D, Lotz J, Daldrup-Link HE. The influence of ferucarbotran on the chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells. Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2009 Jul-Aug; 4(4):165-73.
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      33. Hansma P, Yu H, Schultz D, Rodriguez A, Yurtsev EA, Orr J, Tang S, Miller J, Wallace J, Zok F, Li C, Souza R, Proctor A, Brimer D, Nogues-Solan X, Mellbovsky L, Peña MJ, Diez-Ferrer O, Mathews P, Randall C, Kuo A, Chen C, Peters M, Kohn D, Buckley J, Li X, Pruitt L, Diez-Perez A, Alliston T, Weaver V, Lotz J. The tissue diagnostic instrument. Rev Sci Instrum. 2009 May; 80(5):054303.
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      34. Schultz DS, Rodriguez AG, Hansma PK, Lotz JC. Mechanical profiling of intervertebral discs. J Biomech. 2009 May 29; 42(8):1154-7.
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      35. Xu J, Wang W, Kapila Y, Lotz J, Kapila S. Multiple differentiation capacity of STRO-1+/CD146+ PDL mesenchymal progenitor cells. Stem Cells Dev. 2009 Apr; 18(3):487-96.
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      36. Haudenschild AK, Hsieh AH, Kapila S, Lotz JC. Pressure and distortion regulate human mesenchymal stem cell gene expression. Ann Biomed Eng. 2009 Mar; 37(3):492-502.
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      37. Barnes AH, Eguizabal JA, Acosta FL, Lotz JC, Buckley JM, Ames CP. Biomechanical pullout strength and stability of the cervical artificial pedicle screw. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jan 1; 34(1):E16-20.
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      38. Wagner DR, Lotz JC. Quantifying the contributions of structure to the annulus fibrosus mechanical function using a nonlinear, anisotropic, hyperelastic model. J Orthop Res. 2008 Dec; 26(12):1675; author reply 1675-6.
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      39. Meier R, Boddington S, Krug C, Acosta FL, Thullier D, Henning TD, Sutton EJ, Tavri S, Lotz JC, Daldrup-Link HE. Detection of postoperative granulation tissue with an ICG-enhanced integrated OI-/X-ray System. J Transl Med. 2008; 6:73.
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      40. Lotz JC, Hadi T, Bratton C, Reiser KM, Hsieh AH. Anulus fibrosus tension inhibits degenerative structural changes in lamellar collagen. Eur Spine J. 2008 Sep; 17(9):1149-59.
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      41. Schultz DS, Lotz JC, Lee SM, Trinidad ML, Stewart JM. Structural factors that mediate scleral stiffness. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Oct; 49(10):4232-6.
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      42. Xu J, Wang W, Ludeman M, Cheng K, Hayami T, Lotz JC, Kapila S. Chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells in three-dimensional alginate gels. Tissue Eng Part A. 2008 May; 14(5):667-80.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Acosta FL, Buckley JM, Xu Z, Lotz JC, Ames CP. Biomechanical comparison of three fixation techniques for unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008 Apr; 8(4):341-6.
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      44. Keshari KR, Lotz JC, Link TM, Hu S, Majumdar S, Kurhanewicz J. Lactic acid and proteoglycans as metabolic markers for discogenic back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Feb 1; 33(3):312-7.
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      45. Ulrich JA, Liebenberg EC, Thuillier DU, Lotz JC. ISSLS prize winner: repeated disc injury causes persistent inflammation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Dec 1; 32(25):2812-9.
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      46. Behonick DJ, Xing Z, Lieu S, Buckley JM, Lotz JC, Marcucio RS, Werb Z, Miclau T, Colnot C. Role of matrix metalloproteinase 13 in both endochondral and intramembranous ossification during skeletal regeneration. PLoS One. 2007; 2(11):e1150.
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      47. Reiser KM, Bratton C, Yankelevich DR, Knoesen A, Rocha-Mendoza I, Lotz J. Quantitative analysis of structural disorder in intervertebral disks using second harmonic generation imaging: comparison with morphometric analysis. J Biomed Opt. 2007 Nov-Dec; 12(6):064019.
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      48. Court C, Chin JR, Liebenberg E, Colliou OK, Lotz JC. Biological and mechanical consequences of transient intervertebral disc bending. Eur Spine J. 2007 Nov; 16(11):1899-906.
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      49. Sproul RC, Reynolds HM, Lotz JC, Ries MD. Relationship between femoral head size and distance to lesser trochanter. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Aug; 461:122-4.
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      50. Asundi KR, Kursa K, Lotz J, Rempel DM. In vitro system for applying cyclic loads to connective tissues under displacement or force control. Ann Biomed Eng. 2007 Jul; 35(7):1188-95.
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      51. Nau WH, Diederich CJ, Shu R, Kinsey A, Bass E, Lotz J, Hu S, Simko J, Ferrier W, Sutton J, Attawia M, Pellegrino R. Intradiscal thermal therapy using interstitial ultrasound: an in vivo investigation in ovine cervical spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Mar 1; 32(5):503-11.
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      52. Rhyu KW, Walsh AJ, O'Neill CW, Bradford DS, Lotz JC. The short-term effects of electrosurgical ablation on proinflammatory mediator production by intervertebral disc cells in tissue culture. Spine J. 2007 Jul-Aug; 7(4):451-8.
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      53. Walsh AJ, O'neill CW, Lotz JC. Glucosamine HCl alters production of inflammatory mediators by rat intervertebral disc cells in vitro. Spine J. 2007 Sep-Oct; 7(5):601-8.
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      54. Rousseau MA, Ulrich JA, Bass EC, Rodriguez AG, Liu JJ, Lotz JC. Stab incision for inducing intervertebral disc degeneration in the rat. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Jan 1; 32(1):17-24.
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      55. Lotz JC, Ulrich JA. Innervation, inflammation, and hypermobility may characterize pathologic disc degeneration: review of animal model data. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Apr; 88 Suppl 2:76-82.
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      56. Bass EC, Nau WH, Diederich CJ, Liebenberg E, Shu R, Pellegrino R, Sutton J, Attawia M, Hu SS, Ferrier WT, Lotz JC. Intradiscal thermal therapy does not stimulate biologic remodeling in an in vivo sheep model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Jan 15; 31(2):139-45.
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      57. Wagner DR, Reiser KM, Lotz JC. Glycation increases human annulus fibrosus stiffness in both experimental measurements and theoretical predictions. J Biomech. 2006; 39(6):1021-9.
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      58. Keshari KR, Lotz JC, Kurhanewicz J, Majumdar S. Correlation of HR-MAS spectroscopy derived metabolite concentrations with collagen and proteoglycan levels and Thompson grade in the degenerative disc. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Dec 1; 30(23):2683-8.
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      59. Hsieh AH, Wagner DR, Cheng LY, Lotz JC. Dependence of mechanical behavior of the murine tail disc on regional material properties: a parametric finite element study. J Biomech Eng. 2005 Dec; 127(7):1158-67.
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      60. Lotz JC, Kim AJ. Disc regeneration: why, when, and how. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2005 Oct; 16(4):657-63, vii.
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      61. Acosta FL, Lotz J, Ames CP. The potential role of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for intervertebral disc degeneration: a critical overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15; 19(3):E4.
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      62. Yao W, Hadi T, Jiang Y, Lotz J, Wronski TJ, Lane NE. Basic fibroblast growth factor improves trabecular bone connectivity and bone strength in the lumbar vertebral body of osteopenic rats. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):1939-47.
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      63. Keshari KR, Zektzer AS, Swanson MG, Majumdar S, Lotz JC, Kurhanewicz J. Characterization of intervertebral disc degeneration by high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) spectroscopy. Magn Reson Med. 2005 Mar; 53(3):519-27.
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      64. Kroeber M, Unglaub F, Guehring T, Guegring T, Nerlich A, Hadi T, Lotz J, Carstens C. Effects of controlled dynamic disc distraction on degenerated intervertebral discs: an in vivo study on the rabbit lumbar spine model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Jan 15; 30(2):181-7.
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      65. Ananthakrishnan D, Berven S, Deviren V, Cheng K, Lotz JC, Xu Z, Puttlitz CM. The effect on anterior column loading due to different vertebral augmentation techniques. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2005 Jan; 20(1):25-31.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Diao E, Shao F, Liebenberg E, Rempel D, Lotz JC. Carpal tunnel pressure alters median nerve function in a dose-dependent manner: a rabbit model for carpal tunnel syndrome. J Orthop Res. 2005 Jan; 23(1):218-23.
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      67. Puttlitz CM, Rousseau MA, Xu Z, Hu S, Tay BK, Lotz JC. Intervertebral disc replacement maintains cervical spine kinetics. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Dec 15; 29(24):2809-14.
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      68. An HS, Anderson PA, Haughton VM, Iatridis JC, Kang JD, Lotz JC, Natarajan RN, Oegema TR, Roughley P, Setton LA, Urban JP, Videman T, Andersson GB, Weinstein JN. Introduction: disc degeneration: summary. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Dec 1; 29(23):2677-8.
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      69. Lotz JC. Animal models of intervertebral disc degeneration: lessons learned. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Dec 1; 29(23):2742-50.
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      70. Bass EC, Ashford FA, Segal MR, Lotz JC. Biaxial testing of human annulus fibrosus and its implications for a constitutive formulation. Ann Biomed Eng. 2004 Sep; 32(9):1231-42.
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      71. Majumdar S, Issever AS, Burghardt A, Lotz J, Arfelli F, Rigon L, Heitner G, Menk RH. Diffraction enhanced imaging of articular cartilage and comparison with micro-computed tomography of the underlying bone structure. Eur Radiol. 2004 Aug; 14(8):1440-8.
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      72. Wagner DR, Lotz JC. Theoretical model and experimental results for the nonlinear elastic behavior of human annulus fibrosus. J Orthop Res. 2004 Jul; 22(4):901-9.
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      73. Rousseau MA, Bass EC, Lotz JC. Ventral approach to the lumbar spine of the Sprague-Dawley rat. Lab Anim (NY). 2004 Jun; 33(6):43-5.
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      74. Puttlitz CM, Deviren V, Smith JA, Kleinstueck FS, Tran QN, Thurlow RW, Eisele P, Lotz JC. Biomechanics of cervical laminoplasty: kinetic studies comparing different surgical techniques, temporal effects and the degree of level involvement. Eur Spine J. 2004 May; 13(3):213-21.
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      75. Patel VV, Hall K, Ries M, Lotz J, Ozhinsky E, Lindsey C, Lu Y, Majumdar S. A three-dimensional MRI analysis of knee kinematics. J Orthop Res. 2004 Mar; 22(2):283-92.
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      76. Crevensten G, Walsh AJ, Ananthakrishnan D, Page P, Wahba GM, Lotz JC, Berven S. Intervertebral disc cell therapy for regeneration: mesenchymal stem cell implantation in rat intervertebral discs. Ann Biomed Eng. 2004 Mar; 32(3):430-4.
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      77. Rannou F, Lee TS, Zhou RH, Chin J, Lotz JC, Mayoux-Benhamou MA, Barbet JP, Chevrot A, Shyy JY. Intervertebral disc degeneration: the role of the mitochondrial pathway in annulus fibrosus cell apoptosis induced by overload. Am J Pathol. 2004 Mar; 164(3):915-24.
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      78. Walsh AJ, Lotz JC. Biological response of the intervertebral disc to dynamic loading. J Biomech. 2004 Mar; 37(3):329-37.
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      79. Puttlitz CM, Melcher RP, Kleinstueck FS, Harms J, Bradford DS, Lotz JC. Stability analysis of craniovertebral junction fixation techniques. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Mar; 86-A(3):561-8.
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      80. Bass EC, Wistrom EV, Diederich CJ, Nau WH, Pellegrino R, Ruberti J, Lotz JC. Heat-induced changes in porcine annulus fibrosus biomechanics. J Biomech. 2004 Feb; 37(2):233-40.
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      81. Walsh AJ, Bradford DS, Lotz JC. In vivo growth factor treatment of degenerated intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jan 15; 29(2):156-63.
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      82. Palmer EI, Lotz JC. The compressive creep properties of normal and degenerated murine intervertebral discs. J Orthop Res. 2004 Jan; 22(1):164-9.
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      83. Lotz JC, Staples A, Walsh A, Hsieh AH. Mechanobiology in intervertebral disc degeneration and regeneration. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004; 7:5459.
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      84. Reiser KM, Rocha-Mendoza I, Wang M, Yankelevich DR, Bratton C, Knoesen A, Lotz JC, Liebenman E. Polarization-modulated second harmonic generation imaging: method for quantitative assessment of disorganization in anulus. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004; 7:4982-5.
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      85. O'Neill CW, Liu JJ, Leibenberg E, Hu SS, Deviren V, Tay BK, Chin CT, Lotz JC. Percutaneous plasma decompression alters cytokine expression in injured porcine intervertebral discs. Spine J. 2004 Jan-Feb; 4(1):88-98.
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      86. Hsieh AH, Lotz JC. Prolonged spinal loading induces matrix metalloproteinase-2 activation in intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Aug 15; 28(16):1781-8.
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      87. Kleinstueck FS, Diederich CJ, Nau WH, Puttlitz CM, Smith JA, Bradford DS, Lotz JC. Temperature and thermal dose distributions during intradiscal electrothermal therapy in the cadaveric lumbar spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Aug 1; 28(15):1700-8; discussion 1709.
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      88. Soejima O, Diao E, Lotz JC, Hariharan JS, Naito M. Dorsal and palmar material properties of the adult human flexor profundus tendon in Zone II. Hand Surg. 2003 Jul; 8(1):53-8.
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      89. Ries MD, Suzuki Y, Renowitzky G, Lotz JC, Barrack RL, Bourne RB, Rorabeck CH. Effect of cementless bowed stem distal surface contour and coronal slot on femoral bone strains and torsional stability. J Arthroplasty. 2003 Jun; 18(4):494-8.
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      90. Ishiko T, Puttlitz CM, Lotz JC, Diao E. Scaphoid kinematic behavior after division of the transverse carpal ligament. J Hand Surg Am. 2003 Mar; 28(2):267-71.
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      91. Issever AS, Walsh A, Lu Y, Burghardt A, Lotz JC, Majumdar S. Micro-computed tomography evaluation of trabecular bone structure on loaded mice tail vertebrae. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Jan 15; 28(2):123-8.
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      92. Melcher RP, Puttlitz CM, Kleinstueck FS, Lotz JC, Harms J, Bradford DS. Biomechanical testing of posterior atlantoaxial fixation techniques. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002 Nov 15; 27(22):2435-40.
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      93. Lotz JC, Hsieh AH, Walsh AL, Palmer EI, Chin JR. Mechanobiology of the intervertebral disc. Biochem Soc Trans. 2002 Nov; 30(Pt 6):853-8.
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      94. Lane NE, Kumer JL, Majumdar S, Khan M, Lotz J, Stevens RE, Klein R, Phelps KV. The effects of synthetic conjugated estrogens, a (cenestin) on trabecular bone structure and strength in the ovariectomized rat model. Osteoporos Int. 2002 Oct; 13(10):816-23.
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      95. Riches PE, Dhillon N, Lotz J, Woods AW, McNally DS. The internal mechanics of the intervertebral disc under cyclic loading. J Biomech. 2002 Sep; 35(9):1263-71.
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      96. Kroeber M, Ries MD, Suzuki Y, Renowitzky G, Ashford F, Lotz J. Impact biomechanics and pelvic deformation during insertion of press-fit acetabular cups. J Arthroplasty. 2002 Apr; 17(3):349-54.
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      97. Mao JR, Taylor G, Dean WB, Wagner DR, Afzal V, Lotz JC, Rubin EM, Bristow J. Tenascin-X deficiency mimics Ehlers-Danlos syndrome in mice through alteration of collagen deposition. Nat Genet. 2002 Apr; 30(4):421-5.
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      98. Kleinstueck FS, Diederich CJ, Nau WH, Puttlitz CM, Smith JA, Bradford DS, Lotz JC. Acute biomechanical and histological effects of intradiscal electrothermal therapy on human lumbar discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Oct 15; 26(20):2198-207.
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      99. Whyne CM, Hu SS, Lotz JC. Parametric finite element analysis of vertebral bodies affected by tumors. J Biomech. 2001 Oct; 34(10):1317-24.
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      100. Chiu EJ, Newitt DC, Segal MR, Hu SS, Lotz JC, Majumdar S. Magnetic resonance imaging measurement of relaxation and water diffusion in the human lumbar intervertebral disc under compression in vitro. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Oct 1; 26(19):E437-44.
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      101. Court C, Colliou OK, Chin JR, Liebenberg E, Bradford DS, Lotz JC. The effect of static in vivo bending on the murine intervertebral disc. Spine J. 2001 Jul-Aug; 1(4):239-45.
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      102. Dhillon N, Bass EC, Lotz JC. Effect of frozen storage on the creep behavior of human intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Apr 15; 26(8):883-8.
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      103. Kröber MW, Lane N, Lotz JC, Thomsen M. [Effects of early estrogen replacement therapy on bone stability of ovariectomized rats. A biomechanical and radiologic study of the tibial plateau]. Orthopade. 2000 Dec; 29(12):1082-7.
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      104. Whyne CM, Hu SS, Workman KL, Lotz JC. Biphasic material properties of lytic bone metastases. Ann Biomed Eng. 2000 Sep; 28(9):1154-8.
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      105. Lotz JC, Chin JR. Intervertebral disc cell death is dependent on the magnitude and duration of spinal loading. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Jun 15; 25(12):1477-83.
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      106. Fujita Y, Wagner DR, Biviji AA, Duncan NA, Lotz JC. Anisotropic shear behavior of the annulus fibrosus: effect of harvest site and tissue prestrain. Med Eng Phys. 2000 Jun; 22(5):349-57.
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      107. Klisch SM, Lotz JC. A special theory of biphasic mixtures and experimental results for human annulus fibrosus tested in confined compression. J Biomech Eng. 2000 Apr; 122(2):180-8.
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      108. Lotz JC, Kroeber MW, Heilmann M, Pericherla K, Kimmel D, Kinney JH, Lane NE. Tibial plateau fracture as a measure of early estrogen-dependent bone fragility in rats. J Orthop Res. 2000 Mar; 18(2):326-32.
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      109. Klisch SM, Lotz JC. Application of a fiber-reinforced continuum theory to multiple deformations of the annulus fibrosus. J Biomech. 1999 Oct; 32(10):1027-36.
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      110. Filvaroff E, Erlebacher A, Ye J, Gitelman SE, Lotz J, Heillman M, Derynck R. Inhibition of TGF-beta receptor signaling in osteoblasts leads to decreased bone remodeling and increased trabecular bone mass. Development. 1999 Oct; 126(19):4267-79.
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      111. Diao E, Soejima O, Lotz J, Hariharan J. Randomized biomechanical study of zone II human flexor tendon repairs. J Hand Surg Am. 1999 Jul; 24(4):871-3.
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      112. Randall RL, Wolf EM, Heilmann MR, Lotz J. Comparison of bone-patellar tendon-bone interference screw fixation and hamstring transfemoral screw fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Orthopedics. 1999 Jun; 22(6):587-91.
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      113. Lotz JC. The biomechanics of prevention and treatment for low back pain: 2nd international workshop. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1999 Mar; 14(3):220-3.
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      114. Lotz JC, Colliou OK, Chin JR, Duncan NA, Liebenberg E. Compression-induced degeneration of the intervertebral disc: an in vivo mouse model and finite-element study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Dec 1; 23(23):2493-506.
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      115. Tay BK, Le AX, Heilman M, Lotz J, Bradford DS. Use of a collagen-hydroxyapatite matrix in spinal fusion. A rabbit model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Nov 1; 23(21):2276-81.
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      116. Schirmacher P, Peters M, Ciliberto G, Blessing M, Lotz J, Meyer zum Büschenfelde KH, Rose-John S. Hepatocellular hyperplasia, plasmacytoma formation, and extramedullary hematopoiesis in interleukin (IL)-6/soluble IL-6 receptor double-transgenic mice. Am J Pathol. 1998 Aug; 153(2):639-48.
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      117. Lotz JC, Hariharan JS, Diao E. Analytic model to predict the strength of tendon repairs. J Orthop Res. 1998 Jul; 16(4):399-405.
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      118. Glazer PA, Heilmann MR, Lotz JC, Bradford DS. Use of ultrasound in spinal arthrodesis. A rabbit model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 May 15; 23(10):1142-8.
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      119. Whyne CM, Hu SS, Klisch S, Lotz JC. Effect of the pedicle and posterior arch on vertebral body strength predictions in finite element modeling. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Apr 15; 23(8):899-907.
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      120. Bass EC, Duncan NA, Hariharan JS, Dusick J, Bueff HU, Lotz JC. Frozen storage affects the compressive creep behavior of the porcine intervertebral disc. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Dec 15; 22(24):2867-76.
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      121. Lotz JC, Hu SS, Chiu DF, Yu M, Colliou O, Poser RD. Carbonated apatite cement augmentation of pedicle screw fixation in the lumbar spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Dec 1; 22(23):2716-23.
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      122. Hariharan JS, Diao E, Soejima O, Lotz JC. Partial lacerations of human digital flexor tendons: a biomechanical analysis. J Hand Surg Am. 1997 Nov; 22(6):1011-5.
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      123. Fujita Y, Duncan NA, Lotz JC. Radial tensile properties of the lumbar annulus fibrosus are site and degeneration dependent. J Orthop Res. 1997 Nov; 15(6):814-9.
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      124. Glazer PA, Heilmann MR, Lotz JC, Bradford DS. Use of electromagnetic fields in a spinal fusion. A rabbit model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Oct 15; 22(20):2351-6.
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      125. Glazer PA, Colliou O, Klisch SM, Bradfore DS, Bueff HU, Lotz JC. Biomechanical analysis of multilevel fixation methods in the lumbar spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Jan 15; 22(2):171-82.
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      126. Glazer PA, Colliou O, Lotz JC, Bradford DS. Biomechanical analysis of lumbosacral fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 May 15; 21(10):1211-22.
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      127. Diao E, Hariharan JS, Soejima O, Lotz JC. Effect of peripheral suture depth on strength of tendon repairs. J Hand Surg Am. 1996 Mar; 21(2):234-9.
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      128. Majumdar S, Newitt D, Mathur A, Osman D, Gies A, Chiu E, Lotz J, Kinney J, Genant H. Magnetic resonance imaging of trabecular bone structure in the distal radius: relationship with X-ray tomographic microscopy and biomechanics. Osteoporos Int. 1996; 6(5):376-85.
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      129. Soejima O, Diao E, Lotz JC, Hariharan JS. Comparative mechanical analysis of dorsal versus palmar placement of core suture for flexor tendon repairs. J Hand Surg Am. 1995 Sep; 20(5):801-7.
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      130. Bueff HU, Lotz JC, Colliou OK, Khapchik V, Ashford F, Hu SS, Bozic K, Bradford DS. Instrumentation of the cervicothoracic junction after destabilization. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Aug 15; 20(16):1789-92.
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      131. Lotz JC, Cheal EJ, Hayes WC. Stress distributions within the proximal femur during gait and falls: implications for osteoporotic fracture. Osteoporos Int. 1995; 5(4):252-61.
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      132. Genant HK, Glüer CC, Lotz JC. Gender differences in bone density, skeletal geometry, and fracture biomechanics. Radiology. 1994 Mar; 190(3):636-40.
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      133. Lotz JC, Cheal EJ, Hayes WC. Fracture prediction for the proximal femur using finite element models: Part II--Nonlinear analysis. J Biomech Eng. 1991 Nov; 113(4):361-5.
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      134. Lotz JC, Cheal EJ, Hayes WC. Fracture prediction for the proximal femur using finite element models: Part I--Linear analysis. J Biomech Eng. 1991 Nov; 113(4):353-60.
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      135. Lotz JC, Gerhart TN, Hayes WC. Mechanical properties of metaphyseal bone in the proximal femur. J Biomech. 1991; 24(5):317-29.
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      136. Lotz JC, Hayes WC. The use of quantitative computed tomography to estimate risk of fracture of the hip from falls. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990 Jun; 72(5):689-700.
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      137. Esses SI, Lotz JC, Hayes WC. Biomechanical properties of the proximal femur determined in vitro by single-energy quantitative computed tomography. J Bone Miner Res. 1989 Oct; 4(5):715-22.
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