Wendell Lim, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Cellular Molecular Pharmacology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address600 16th St
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-502-8080
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    Collapse Overview 

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Synthetic epigenetic circuits: tunable cell fate switches controlled by dynamic and combinatorial inputs
    NIH R01CA253017Apr 1, 2021 - Mar 31, 2026
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Recognizing the tumor ecosystem: Integrating stromal and cancer antigen signals to achieve precision recognition of solid tumors by CAR T cells
    NIH R01CA249018Dec 1, 2020 - Nov 30, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSF Center for Synthetic Immunology: Tools to Reprogram the Immune System to Combat Cancer
    NIH U54CA244438Sep 24, 2019 - Aug 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Protein Recognition in Signal Transduction
    NIH R01CA220257Sep 1, 2018 - Jul 31, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Designer Tregs for restoring tolerance in patients with type 1 diabetes
    NIH UC4DK116264Sep 20, 2017 - Aug 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Redesigning the T cell: Using Synthetic Biology to Engineer Therapeutic Cells
    NIH R01CA196277Sep 23, 2014 - Aug 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Harnessing CRISPR for Targeted and Inducible Epigenomic Reprogramming
    NIH R01DA036858Sep 30, 2013 - May 31, 2018
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Exploring Design Principles of Cellular Control Circuits
    NIH P50GM081879Sep 1, 2010 - Jul 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cellular Control: Synthetic Signaling/Motility (RMI)
    NIH PN2EY016546Sep 30, 2004 - Jul 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Engineering Synthetic Cell Motility Systems (RMI)
    NIH PN1EY016546Sep 30, 2004 - Jul 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ASSEMBLY AND TARGETING OF NEURAL RECEPTORS AND CHANNELS
    NIH P50MH063981Aug 15, 2001 - Jul 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Protein Interactions Regulating Cell Motility
    NIH R01GM062583Feb 1, 2001 - Apr 30, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Protein Recognition in Signal Transduction
    NIH R01GM055040Jan 1, 1997 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Bio-Organic Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Resource
    NIH P41RR001614Mar 1, 1982 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. SynNotch-CAR T cells overcome challenges of specificity, heterogeneity, and persistence in treating glioblastoma. Sci Transl Med. 2021 Apr 28; 13(591). Choe JH, Watchmaker PB, Simic MS, Gilbert RD, Li AW, Krasnow NA, Downey KM, Yu W, Carrera DA, Celli A, Cho J, Briones JD, Duecker JM, Goretsky YE, Dannenfelser R, Cardarelli L, Troyanskaya O, Sidhu SS, Roybal KT, Okada H, Lim WA. PMID: 33910979.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    2. T cells selectively filter oscillatory signals on the minutes timescale. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 Mar 02; 118(9). O'Donoghue GP, Bugaj LJ, Anderson W, Daniels KG, Rawlings DJ, Lim WA. PMID: 33627405.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    3. T cell circuits that sense antigen density with an ultrasensitive threshold. Science. 2021 03 12; 371(6534):1166-1171. Hernandez-Lopez RA, Yu W, Cabral KA, Creasey OA, Lopez Pazmino MDP, Tonai Y, De Guzman A, Mäkelä A, Saksela K, Gartner ZJ, Lim WA. PMID: 33632893.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    4. Repurposing CRISPR as an RNA-guided platform for sequence-specific control of gene expression. Cell. 2021 Feb 04; 184(3):844. Qi LS, Larson MH, Gilbert LA, Doudna JA, Weissman JS, Arkin AP, Lim WA. PMID: 33545038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. DNA scaffolds enable efficient and tunable functionalization of biomaterials for immune cell modulation. Nat Nanotechnol. 2021 02; 16(2):214-223. Huang X, Williams JZ, Chang R, Li Z, Burnett CE, Hernandez-Lopez R, Setiady I, Gai E, Patterson DM, Yu W, Roybal KT, Lim WA, Desai TA. PMID: 33318641.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    6. Engineering cytokines and cytokine circuits. Science. 2020 11 27; 370(6520):1034-1035. Li AW, Lim WA. PMID: 33243875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Precise T cell recognition programs designed by transcriptionally linking multiple receptors. Science. 2020 11 27; 370(6520):1099-1104. Williams JZ, Allen GM, Shah D, Sterin IS, Kim KH, Garcia VP, Shavey GE, Yu W, Puig-Saus C, Tsoi J, Ribas A, Roybal KT, Lim WA. PMID: 33243890.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    8. Engineering synthetic morphogen systems that can program multicellular patterning. Science. 2020 10 16; 370(6514):327-331. Toda S, McKeithan WL, Hakkinen TJ, Lopez P, Klein OD, Lim WA. PMID: 33060357.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    9. What is the Optimal Design-Build-Test Cycle for Clinically Relevant Synthetic CAR T Cell Therapies? Cell Syst. 2020 09 23; 11(3):212-214. Chen YY, Lim W, Levings M, Blazar B, Krenciute G, Wong W, Lehner M. PMID: 32970992.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    10. Discriminatory Power of Combinatorial Antigen Recognition in Cancer T Cell Therapies. Cell Syst. 2020 09 23; 11(3):215-228.e5. Dannenfelser R, Allen GM, VanderSluis B, Koegel AK, Levinson S, Stark SR, Yao V, Tadych A, Troyanskaya OG, Lim WA. PMID: 32916097.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    11. Engineering T Cells to Treat Cancer: The Convergence of Immuno-Oncology and Synthetic Biology. Annual Review of Cancer Biology. 2020 Mar 9; 4(1):121-139. Joseph H. Choe, Jasper Z. Williams, Wendell A. Lim. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    12. IMMU-21. SEQUENTIAL TWO-RECEPTOR PRIMING CAR SYSTEM TO OVERCOME HETEROGENEOUS ANTIGEN EXPRESSION. Neuro-Oncology. 2019 Nov 11; 21(Supplement_6):vi123-vi123. Payal Watchmaker, Joseph Choe, Diego Carrera, Ryan Gilbert, Wei Yu, Kira Downey, Kole Roybal, Wendell Lim, Hideho Okada. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    13. Simple Rules Determine Distinct Patterns of Branching Morphogenesis. Cell Syst. 2019 09 25; 9(3):221-227. Yu W, Marshall WF, Metzger RJ, Brakeman PR, Morsut L, Lim W, Mostov KE. PMID: 31557453.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    14. The Design Principles of Biochemical Timers: Circuits that Discriminate between Transient and Sustained Stimulation. Cell Syst. 2019 09 25; 9(3):297-308.e2. Gerardin J, Reddy NR, Lim WA. PMID: 31521602.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    15. High-throughput multicolor optogenetics in microwell plates. Nat Protoc. 2019 07; 14(7):2205-2228. Bugaj LJ, Lim WA. PMID: 31235951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    16. Engineering cell-cell communication networks: programming multicellular behaviors. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 2019 10; 52:31-38. Toda S, Frankel NW, Lim WA. PMID: 31150899.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    
    17. Synthetic Development: Learning to Program Multicellular Self-Organization. Current Opinion in Systems Biology. 2019 Apr 1; 14(Nature 459 2009):41-49. Satoshi Toda, Jonathan M. Brunger, Wendell A. Lim. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    18. IMMU-57. SEQUENTIAL TWO-RECEPTOR PRIMING CAR SYSTEM TO OVERCOME HETEROGENEOUS ANTIGEN EXPRESSION. Neuro-Oncology. 2018 Nov 5; 20(suppl_6):vi134-vi134. Payal Watchmaker, Joseph Choe, Diego Carrera, Kira Downey, Maryam Shahin, Kole Roybal, Wendell Lim, Hideho Okada. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    19. Programming self-organizing multicellular structures with synthetic cell-cell signaling. Science. 2018 07 13; 361(6398):156-162. Toda S, Blauch LR, Tang SKY, Morsut L, Lim WA. PMID: 29853554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 65     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    20. Building a Stable Relationship: Ensuring Homeostasis among Cell Types within a Tissue. Cell. 2018 02 08; 172(4):638-640. Frankel NW, Lim WA. PMID: 29425483.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Cells
    21. Design of Tunable Oscillatory Dynamics in a Synthetic NF-?B Signaling Circuit. Cell Syst. 2017 11 22; 5(5):460-470.e5. Zhang ZB, Wang QY, Ke YX, Liu SY, Ju JQ, Lim WA, Tang C, Wei P. PMID: 29102361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    22. Tracing Information Flow from Erk to Target Gene Induction Reveals Mechanisms of Dynamic and Combinatorial Control. Mol Cell. 2017 Sep 07; 67(5):757-769.e5. Wilson MZ, Ravindran PT, Lim WA, Toettcher JE. PMID: 28826673.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. Synthetic Immunology: Hacking Immune Cells to Expand Their Therapeutic Capabilities. Annu Rev Immunol. 2017 04 26; 35:229-253. Roybal KT, Lim WA. PMID: 28446063.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    24. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated PD-1 disruption enhances anti-tumor efficacy of human chimeric antigen receptor T cells. Sci Rep. 2017 04 07; 7(1):737. Rupp LJ, Schumann K, Roybal KT, Gate RE, Ye CJ, Lim WA, Marson A. PMID: 28389661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 165     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    25. The Principles of Engineering Immune Cells to Treat Cancer. Cell. 2017 02 09; 168(4):724-740. Lim WA, June CH. PMID: 28187291.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 233     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    26. Interrogating cellular perception and decision making with optogenetic tools. J Cell Biol. 2017 Jan 02; 216(1):25-28. Bugaj LJ, O'Donoghue GP, Lim WA. PMID: 28003330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    27. Engineering Therapeutic T Cells: From Synthetic Biology to Clinical Trials. Annu Rev Pathol. 2017 Jan 24; 12:305-330. Esensten JH, Bluestone JA, Lim WA. PMID: 27959633.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    28. Engineering dynamical control of cell fate switching using synthetic phospho-regulons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 11 22; 113(47):13528-13533. Gordley RM, Williams RE, Bashor CJ, Toettcher JE, Yan S, Lim WA. PMID: 27821768.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    29. Complex transcriptional modulation with orthogonal and inducible dCas9 regulators. Nat Methods. 2016 Dec; 13(12):1043-1049. Gao Y, Xiong X, Wong S, Charles EJ, Lim WA, Qi LS. PMID: 27776111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    30. Engineering T Cells with Customized Therapeutic Response Programs Using Synthetic Notch Receptors. Cell. 2016 Oct 06; 167(2):419-432.e16. Roybal KT, Williams JZ, Morsut L, Rupp LJ, Kolinko I, Choe JH, Walker WJ, McNally KA, Lim WA. PMID: 27693353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 136     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. Cellular perception and misperception: Internal models for decision-making shaped by evolutionary experience. Bioessays. 2016 09; 38(9):845-9. Mitchell A, Lim W. PMID: 27461864.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Modular engineering of cellular signaling proteins and networks. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2016 08; 39:106-114. Gordley RM, Bugaj LJ, Lim WA. PMID: 27423114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    33. CRISPR/Cas9 for Human Genome Engineering and Disease Research. Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet. 2016 08 31; 17:131-54. Xiong X, Chen M, Lim WA, Zhao D, Qi LS. PMID: 27216776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Nucleosome breathing and remodeling constrain CRISPR-Cas9 function. Elife. 2016 04 28; 5. Isaac RS, Jiang F, Doudna JA, Lim WA, Narlikar GJ, Almeida R. PMID: 27130520.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Engineering Customized Cell Sensing and Response Behaviors Using Synthetic Notch Receptors. Cell. 2016 Feb 11; 164(4):780-91. Morsut L, Roybal KT, Xiong X, Gordley RM, Coyle SM, Thomson M, Lim WA. PMID: 26830878.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 178     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    36. Precision Tumor Recognition by T Cells With Combinatorial Antigen-Sensing Circuits. Cell. 2016 Feb 11; 164(4):770-9. Roybal KT, Rupp LJ, Morsut L, Walker WJ, McNally KA, Park JS, Lim WA. PMID: 26830879.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 240     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Mapping the functional versatility and fragility of Ras GTPase signaling circuits through in vitro network reconstitution. Elife. 2016 Jan 14; 5. Coyle SM, Lim WA. PMID: 26765565.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. Expanding the CRISPR imaging toolset with Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 for simultaneous imaging of multiple genomic loci. Nucleic Acids Res. 2016 05 05; 44(8):e75. Chen B, Hu J, Almeida R, Liu H, Balakrishnan S, Covill-Cooke C, Lim WA, Huang B. PMID: 26740581.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    39. Beyond editing: repurposing CRISPR-Cas9 for precision genome regulation and interrogation. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2016 Jan; 17(1):5-15. Dominguez AA, Lim WA, Qi LS. PMID: 26670017.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 232     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    40. Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles' heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network. Science. 2015 Dec 11; 350(6266):1379-83. Mitchell A, Wei P, Lim WA. PMID: 26586187.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    41. Remote control of therapeutic T cells through a small molecule-gated chimeric receptor. Science. 2015 Oct 16; 350(6258):aab4077. Wu CY, Roybal KT, Puchner EM, Onuffer J, Lim WA. PMID: 26405231.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 189     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    42. Synthetic biology approaches to engineer T cells. Curr Opin Immunol. 2015 Aug; 35:123-30. Wu CY, Rupp LJ, Roybal KT, Lim WA. PMID: 26218616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    43. Differential genetic interactions of yeast stress response MAPK pathways. Mol Syst Biol. 2015 Apr 17; 11(4):800. Martin H, Shales M, Fernandez-Piñar P, Wei P, Molina M, Fiedler D, Shokat KM, Beltrao P, Lim W, Krogan NJ. PMID: 25888283.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    44. Engineering complex synthetic transcriptional programs with CRISPR RNA scaffolds. Cell. 2015 Jan 15; 160(1-2):339-50. Zalatan JG, Lee ME, Almeida R, Gilbert LA, Whitehead EH, La Russa M, Tsai JC, Weissman JS, Dueber JE, Qi LS, Lim WA. PMID: 25533786.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 259     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Specific gene repression by CRISPRi system transferred through bacterial conjugation. ACS Synth Biol. 2014 Dec 19; 3(12):929-31. Ji W, Lee D, Wong E, Dadlani P, Dinh D, Huang V, Kearns K, Teng S, Chen S, Haliburton J, Heimberg G, Heineike B, Ramasubramanian A, Stevens T, Helmke KJ, Zepeda V, Qi LS, Lim WA. PMID: 25409531.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    46. Sending mixed messages for cell population control. Cell. 2014 Aug 28; 158(5):973-975. Youk H, Lim WA. PMID: 25171399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    47. Synthetic control of mammalian-cell motility by engineering chemotaxis to an orthogonal bioinert chemical signal. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Apr 22; 111(16):5896-901. Park JS, Rhau B, Hermann A, McNally KA, Zhou C, Gong D, Weiner OD, Conklin BR, Onuffer J, Lim WA. PMID: 24711398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    48. Exploitation of latent allostery enables the evolution of new modes of MAP kinase regulation (609.5). The FASEB Journal. 2014 Apr 1; 28. Scott Coyle, Wendell Lim. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    49. Secreting and sensing the same molecule allows cells to achieve versatile social behaviors. Science. 2014 Feb 07; 343(6171):1242782. Youk H, Lim WA. PMID: 24503857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 61     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    50. Using optogenetics to interrogate the dynamic control of signal transmission by the Ras/Erk module. Cell. 2013 Dec 05; 155(6):1422-34. Toettcher JE, Weiner OD, Lim WA. PMID: 24315106.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 200     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    51. The NR4A2 nuclear receptor is recruited to novel nuclear foci in response to UV irradiation and participates in nucleotide excision repair. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e78075. Jagirdar K, Yin K, Harrison M, Lim W, Muscat GE, Sturm RA, Smith AG. PMID: 24223135.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    52. Genetic sensor for strong methylating compounds. ACS Synth Biol. 2013 Oct 18; 2(10):614-24. Moser F, Horwitz A, Chen J, Lim W, Voigt CA. PMID: 24032656.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. CRISPR interference (CRISPRi) for sequence-specific control of gene expression. Nat Protoc. 2013 Nov; 8(11):2180-96. Larson MH, Gilbert LA, Wang X, Lim WA, Weissman JS, Qi LS. PMID: 24136345.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 264     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    54. Actin dynamics rapidly reset chemoattractant receptor sensitivity following adaptation in neutrophils. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2013; 368(1629):20130008. Dandekar SN, Park JS, Peng GE, Onuffer JJ, Lim WA, Weiner OD. PMID: 24062580.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    55. Counting molecules in single organelles with superresolution microscopy allows tracking of the endosome maturation trajectory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Oct 01; 110(40):16015-20. Puchner EM, Walter JM, Kasper R, Huang B, Lim WA. PMID: 24043832.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    56. Exploitation of latent allostery enables the evolution of new modes of MAP kinase regulation. Cell. 2013 Aug 15; 154(4):875-87. Coyle SM, Flores J, Lim WA. PMID: 23953117.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    57. CRISPR-mediated modular RNA-guided regulation of transcription in eukaryotes. Cell. 2013 Jul 18; 154(2):442-51. Gilbert LA, Larson MH, Morsut L, Liu Z, Brar GA, Torres SE, Stern-Ginossar N, Brandman O, Whitehead EH, Doudna JA, Lim WA, Weissman JS, Qi LS. PMID: 23849981.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1034     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    58. Improved blue, green, and red fluorescent protein tagging vectors for S. cerevisiae. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e67902. Lee S, Lim WA, Thorn KS. PMID: 23844123.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 61     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    59. Signalling change: signal transduction through the decades. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Jun; 14(6):393-8. Hynes NE, Ingham PW, Lim WA, Marshall CJ, Massagué J, Pawson T. PMID: 23636498.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    60. Cell-based therapeutics: the next pillar of medicine. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Apr 03; 5(179):179ps7. Fischbach MA, Bluestone JA, Lim WA. PMID: 23552369.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 123     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Bridging cross-cultural gaps in scientific exchange through innovative team challenge workshops. Quant Biol. 2013 Mar; 1(1):3-8. Lee CM, Gong S, Tang C, Lim WA. PMID: 25339992.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    62. Repurposing CRISPR as an RNA-guided platform for sequence-specific control of gene expression. Cell. 2013 Feb 28; 152(5):1173-83. Qi LS, Larson MH, Gilbert LA, Doudna JA, Weissman JS, Arkin AP, Lim WA. PMID: 23452860.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1236     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    63. Design principles of regulatory networks: searching for the molecular algorithms of the cell. Mol Cell. 2013 Jan 24; 49(2):202-12. Lim WA, Lee CM, Tang C. PMID: 23352241.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Probing Molecular Number Variability in Intracellular Structures using Photoswitchable Fluorescent Proteins. Biophysical Journal. 2013 Jan 1; 104(2):201a. Elias M. Puchner, Jessica M. Walter, Robert Kasper, Bo Huang, Wendell A. Lim. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    65. Cell biology 2.0. Trends Cell Biol. 2012 Dec; 22(12):611-2. Lim WA, Alvania R, Marshall WF. PMID: 23142093.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    66. Designing synthetic regulatory networks capable of self-organizing cell polarization. Cell. 2012 Oct 12; 151(2):320-32. Chau AH, Walter JM, Gerardin J, Tang C, Lim WA. PMID: 23039994.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    67. Wendell Lim: exploring the path not chosen. Interview by Caitlin Sedwick. J Cell Biol. 2012 Sep 17; 198(6):956-7. Lim W. PMID: 22986491.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    68. The first World Cell Race. Curr Biol. 2012 Sep 11; 22(17):R673-5. Maiuri P, Terriac E, Paul-Gilloteaux P, Vignaud T, McNally K, Onuffer J, Thorn K, Nguyen PA, Georgoulia N, Soong D, Jayo A, Beil N, Beneke J, Lim JC, Sim CP, Chu YS, WCR participants , Jiménez-Dalmaroni A, Joanny JF, Thiery JP, Erfle H, Parsons M, Mitchison TJ, Lim WA, Lennon-Duménil AM, Piel M, Théry M. PMID: 22974990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    69. Bacterial virulence proteins as tools to rewire kinase pathways in yeast and immune cells. Nature. 2012 Aug 16; 488(7411):384-8. Wei P, Wong WW, Park JS, Corcoran EE, Peisajovich SG, Onuffer JJ, Weiss A, Lim WA. PMID: 22820255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    70. Conformational control of the Ste5 scaffold protein insulates against MAP kinase misactivation. Science. 2012 Sep 07; 337(6099):1218-22. Zalatan JG, Coyle SM, Rajan S, Sidhu SS, Lim WA. PMID: 22878499.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    71. Systematic functional prioritization of protein posttranslational modifications. Cell. 2012 Jul 20; 150(2):413-25. Beltrao P, Albanèse V, Kenner LR, Swaney DL, Burlingame A, Villén J, Lim WA, Fraser JS, Frydman J, Krogan NJ. PMID: 22817900.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 163     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    72. SYNZIP protein interaction toolbox: in vitro and in vivo specifications of heterospecific coiled-coil interaction domains. ACS Synth Biol. 2012 Apr 20; 1(4):118-29. Thompson KE, Bashor CJ, Lim WA, Keating AE. PMID: 22558529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    73. Control of protein signaling using a computationally designed GTPase/GEF orthogonal pair. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 03; 109(14):5277-82. Kapp GT, Liu S, Stein A, Wong DT, Reményi A, Yeh BJ, Fraser JS, Taunton J, Lim WA, Kortemme T. PMID: 22403064.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    74. A Light-Based Feedback Control System for Generating User-Defined Intracelullar Signaling Dynamics. Biophysical Journal. 2012 Jan 1; 102(3):41a. Jared Toettcher, Delquin Gong, Wendell A. Lim, Orion Weiner. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    75. Light-based feedback for controlling intracellular signaling dynamics. Nat Methods. 2011 Sep 11; 8(10):837-9. Toettcher JE, Gong D, Lim WA, Weiner OD. PMID: 21909100.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 84     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    76. Recruitment interactions can override catalytic interactions in determining the functional identity of a protein kinase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Jun 14; 108(24):9809-14. Won AP, Garbarino JE, Lim WA. PMID: 21628578.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    77. Scaffold proteins: hubs for controlling the flow of cellular information. Science. 2011 May 06; 332(6030):680-6. Good MC, Zalatan JG, Lim WA. PMID: 21551057.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 306     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    78. Regulation of NR4A nuclear receptor expression by oncogenic BRAF in melanoma cells. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 2011 Jun; 24(3):551-63. Smith AG, Lim W, Pearen M, Muscat GE, Sturm RA. PMID: 21362156.
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    79. Light control of plasma membrane recruitment using the Phy-PIF system. Methods Enzymol. 2011; 497:409-23. Toettcher JE, Gong D, Lim WA, Weiner OD. PMID: 21601096.
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    80. The promise of optogenetics in cell biology: interrogating molecular circuits in space and time. Nat Methods. 2011 Jan; 8(1):35-8. Toettcher JE, Voigt CA, Weiner OD, Lim WA. PMID: 21191370.
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    81. Build life to understand it. Nature. 2010 Dec 16; 468(7326):889-90. Elowitz M, Lim WA. PMID: 21164460.
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    82. Phosphotyrosine signaling: evolving a new cellular communication system. Cell. 2010 Sep 03; 142(5):661-7. Lim WA, Pawson T. PMID: 20813250.
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    83. The minimal autoinhibited unit of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor intersectin. PLoS One. 2010 Jun 24; 5(6):e11291. Ahmad KF, Lim WA. PMID: 20585582.
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    84. Designing customized cell signalling circuits. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Jun; 11(6):393-403. Lim WA. PMID: 20485291.
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    85. Rapid diversification of cell signaling phenotypes by modular domain recombination. Science. 2010 Apr 16; 328(5976):368-72. Peisajovich SG, Garbarino JE, Wei P, Lim WA. PMID: 20395511.
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    86. The Design Logic of Cell Signaling Systems. The FASEB Journal. 2010 Apr 1; 24:410.2-410.2. Wendell A Lim. .
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    87. Defining network topologies that can achieve biochemical adaptation. The FASEB Journal. 2010 Apr 1; 24:190.1-190.1. Chao Tang, Wenzhe Ma, Ala Trusina, Hana El-Samad, Wendell Lim. .
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    88. Deciphering protein kinase specificity through large-scale analysis of yeast phosphorylation site motifs. Sci Signal. 2010 Feb 16; 3(109):ra12. Mok J, Kim PM, Lam HY, Piccirillo S, Zhou X, Jeschke GR, Sheridan DL, Parker SA, Desai V, Jwa M, Cameroni E, Niu H, Good M, Remenyi A, Ma JL, Sheu YJ, Sassi HE, Sopko R, Chan CS, De Virgilio C, Hollingsworth NM, Lim WA, Stern DF, Stillman B, Andrews BJ, Gerstein MB, Snyder M, Turk BE. PMID: 20159853.
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    89. Rewiring cells: synthetic biology as a tool to interrogate the organizational principles of living systems. Annu Rev Biophys. 2010; 39:515-37. Bashor CJ, Horwitz AA, Peisajovich SG, Lim WA. PMID: 20192780.
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    90. Reengineering the signaling properties of a Src family kinase. Biochemistry. 2009 Nov 24; 48(46):10956-62. Yadav SS, Yeh BJ, Craddock BP, Lim WA, Miller WT. PMID: 19827767.
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    91. A reciprocal interdependence between Nck and PI(4,5)P(2) promotes localized N-WASp-mediated actin polymerization in living cells. Mol Cell. 2009 Nov 13; 36(3):525-35. Rivera GM, Vasilescu D, Papayannopoulos V, Lim WA, Mayer BJ. PMID: 19917259.
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    92. Spatiotemporal control of cell signalling using a light-switchable protein interaction. Nature. 2009 Oct 15; 461(7266):997-1001. Levskaya A, Weiner OD, Lim WA, Voigt CA. PMID: 19749742.
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    93. Defining network topologies that can achieve biochemical adaptation. Cell. 2009 Aug 21; 138(4):760-73. Ma W, Trusina A, El-Samad H, Lim WA, Tang C. PMID: 19703401.
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    94. Scaffolds: interaction platforms for cellular signalling circuits. Trends Cell Biol. 2009 Aug; 19(8):364-74. Zeke A, Lukács M, Lim WA, Reményi A. PMID: 19651513.
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    95. Positive selection of tyrosine loss in metazoan evolution. Science. 2009 Sep 25; 325(5948):1686-8. Tan CS, Pasculescu A, Lim WA, Pawson T, Bader GD, Linding R. PMID: 19589966.
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    96. Evolution of phosphoregulation: comparison of phosphorylation patterns across yeast species. PLoS Biol. 2009 Jun 16; 7(6):e1000134. Beltrao P, Trinidad JC, Fiedler D, Roguev A, Lim WA, Shokat KM, Burlingame AL, Krogan NJ. PMID: 19547744.
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    97. The Ste5 scaffold directs mating signaling by catalytically unlocking the Fus3 MAP kinase for activation. Cell. 2009 Mar 20; 136(6):1085-97. Good M, Tang G, Singleton J, Reményi A, Lim WA. PMID: 19303851.
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    98. Frederic M Richards 1925-2009. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2009 Mar; 16(3):230-2. Lim WA. PMID: 19259121.
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    99. The Modular Logic of Cell Signaling Systems. Biophysical Journal. 2009 Feb 1; 96(3):3a. Wendell Lim. .
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    100. The pathogen protein EspF(U) hijacks actin polymerization using mimicry and multivalency. Nature. 2008 Aug 21; 454(7207):1005-8. Sallee NA, Rivera GM, Dueber JE, Vasilescu D, Mullins RD, Mayer BJ, Lim WA. PMID: 18650806.
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    101. Evolution of the phospho-tyrosine signaling machinery in premetazoan lineages. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jul 15; 105(28):9680-4. Pincus D, Letunic I, Bork P, Lim WA. PMID: 18599463.
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    102. Using engineered scaffold interactions to reshape MAP kinase pathway signaling dynamics. Science. 2008 Mar 14; 319(5869):1539-43. Bashor CJ, Helman NC, Yan S, Lim WA. PMID: 18339942.
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    103. The genome of the choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis and the origin of metazoans. Nature. 2008 Feb 14; 451(7180):783-8. King N, Westbrook MJ, Young SL, Kuo A, Abedin M, Chapman J, Fairclough S, Hellsten U, Isogai Y, Letunic I, Marr M, Pincus D, Putnam N, Rokas A, Wright KJ, Zuzow R, Dirks W, Good M, Goodstein D, Lemons D, Li W, Lyons JB, Morris A, Nichols S, Richter DJ, Salamov A, Sequencing JG, Bork P, Lim WA, Manning G, Miller WT, McGinnis W, Shapiro H, Tjian R, Grigoriev IV, Rokhsar D. PMID: 18273011.
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    104. A microfluidic system for dynamic yeast cell imaging. Biotechniques. 2008 Jan; 44(1):91-5. Lee PJ, Helman NC, Lim WA, Hung PJ. PMID: 18254385.
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    105. Synthetic biology: lessons from the history of synthetic organic chemistry. Nat Chem Biol. 2007 Sep; 3(9):521-5. Yeh BJ, Lim WA. PMID: 17710092.
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    106. Rewiring cellular morphology pathways with synthetic guanine nucleotide exchange factors. Nature. 2007 May 31; 447(7144):596-600. Yeh BJ, Rutigliano RJ, Deb A, Bar-Sagi D, Lim WA. PMID: 17515921.
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    107. Engineering synthetic signaling proteins with ultrasensitive input/output control. Nat Biotechnol. 2007 Jun; 25(6):660-2. Dueber JE, Mirsky EA, Lim WA. PMID: 17515908.
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    108. Engineering modular protein interaction switches by sequence overlap. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Apr 18; 129(15):4606-11. Sallee NA, Yeh BJ, Lim WA. PMID: 17381089.
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    109. Multiple WASP-interacting protein recognition motifs are required for a functional interaction with N-WASP. J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 16; 282(11):8446-53. Peterson FC, Deng Q, Zettl M, Prehoda KE, Lim WA, Way M, Volkman BF. PMID: 17229736.
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    110. Beta strand peptidomimetics as potent PDZ domain ligands. Chem Biol. 2006 Dec; 13(12):1247-51. Hammond MC, Harris BZ, Lim WA, Bartlett PA. PMID: 17185220.
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    111. Docking interactions in protein kinase and phosphatase networks. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2006 Dec; 16(6):676-85. Reményi A, Good MC, Lim WA. PMID: 17079133.
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    112. The Modular Logic of Cell Signaling Systems. The FASEB Journal. 2006 Mar 1; 20(5):a1473-a1473. Wendell A Lim. .
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    113. The Ste5 scaffold allosterically modulates signaling output of the yeast mating pathway. Science. 2006 Feb 10; 311(5762):822-6. Bhattacharyya RP, Reményi A, Good MC, Bashor CJ, Falick AM, Lim WA. PMID: 16424299.
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    114. Domains, motifs, and scaffolds: the role of modular interactions in the evolution and wiring of cell signaling circuits. Annu Rev Biochem. 2006; 75:655-80. Bhattacharyya RP, Reményi A, Yeh BJ, Lim WA. PMID: 16756506.
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    115. The role of docking interactions in mediating signaling input, output, and discrimination in the yeast MAPK network. Mol Cell. 2005 Dec 22; 20(6):951-62. Reményi A, Good MC, Bhattacharyya RP, Lim WA. PMID: 16364919.
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    116. A general model for preferential hetero-oligomerization of LIN-2/7 domains: mechanism underlying directed assembly of supramolecular signaling complexes. J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 18; 280(46):38528-36. Petrosky KY, Ou HD, Löhr F, Dötsch V, Lim WA. PMID: 16147993.
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    117. A polybasic motif allows N-WASP to act as a sensor of PIP(2) density. Mol Cell. 2005 Jan 21; 17(2):181-91. Papayannopoulos V, Co C, Prehoda KE, Snapper S, Taunton J, Lim WA. PMID: 15664188.
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    118. Rewiring cell signaling: the logic and plasticity of eukaryotic protein circuitry. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2004 Dec; 14(6):690-9. Dueber JE, Yeh BJ, Bhattacharyya RP, Lim WA. PMID: 15582393.
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    119. Sho1 and Pbs2 act as coscaffolds linking components in the yeast high osmolarity MAP kinase pathway. Mol Cell. 2004 Jun 18; 14(6):825-32. Zarrinpar A, Bhattacharyya RP, Nittler MP, Lim WA. PMID: 15200959.
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    120. Optimization of specificity in a cellular protein interaction network by negative selection. Nature. 2003 Dec 11; 426(6967):676-80. Zarrinpar A, Park SH, Lim WA. PMID: 14668868.
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    121. Reprogramming control of an allosteric signaling switch through modular recombination. Science. 2003 Sep 26; 301(5641):1904-8. Dueber JE, Yeh BJ, Chak K, Lim WA. PMID: 14512628.
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    122. Complex inheritance of familial hypercholanemia with associated mutations in TJP2 and BAAT. Nat Genet. 2003 May; 34(1):91-6. Carlton VE, Harris BZ, Puffenberger EG, Batta AK, Knisely AS, Robinson DL, Strauss KA, Shneider BL, Lim WA, Salen G, Morton DH, Bull LN. PMID: 12704386.
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    123. The structure and function of proline recognition domains. Sci STKE. 2003 Apr 22; 2003(179):RE8. Zarrinpar A, Bhattacharyya RP, Lim WA. PMID: 12709533.
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    124. Role of electrostatic interactions in PDZ domain ligand recognition. Biochemistry. 2003 Mar 18; 42(10):2797-805. Harris BZ, Lau FW, Fujii N, Guy RK, Lim WA. PMID: 12627945.
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    125. Rewiring MAP kinase pathways using alternative scaffold assembly mechanisms. Science. 2003 Feb 14; 299(5609):1061-4. Park SH, Zarrinpar A, Lim WA. PMID: 12511654.
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    126. Structure of the N-WASP EVH1 domain-WIP complex: insight into the molecular basis of Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome. Cell. 2002 Nov 15; 111(4):565-76. Volkman BF, Prehoda KE, Scott JA, Peterson FC, Lim WA. PMID: 12437929.
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    127. Shared receptors in axon guidance: SAX-3/Robo signals via UNC-34/Enabled and a Netrin-independent UNC-40/DCC function. Nat Neurosci. 2002 Nov; 5(11):1147-54. Yu TW, Hao JC, Lim W, Tessier-Lavigne M, Bargmann CI. PMID: 12379860.
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    128. Coordinated folding and association of the LIN-2, -7 (L27) domain. An obligate heterodimerization involved in assembly of signaling and cell polarity complexes. J Biol Chem. 2002 Sep 20; 277(38):34902-8. Harris BZ, Venkatasubrahmanyam S, Lim WA. PMID: 12110687.
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    129. How signaling proteins integrate multiple inputs: a comparison of N-WASP and Cdk2. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2002 Apr; 14(2):149-54. Prehoda KE, Lim WA. PMID: 11891112.
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    130. The modular logic of signaling proteins: building allosteric switches from simple binding domains. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2002 Feb; 12(1):61-8. Lim WA. PMID: 11839491.
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    131. From folding towards function. Current Opinion in Structural Biology. 2002 Feb 1; 12(1):11-13. David Baker, Wendell A Lim. .
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