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    Bryan Greenhouse, MD

    TitleAssistant Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    Address1001 Potrero Ave, SFGH 3
    San Francisco CA 94110
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      My research program is focused on understanding the interactions between malaria parasites and the human host at individual and population levels, applying laboratory and analytical methods to study malaria in Africa. Specifically, my current projects focus on understanding the development of naturally acquired immunity, creating novel serologic tools to measure malaria exposure and immunologic protection, and using parasite population genetics and spatial data to understand parasite transmission and evolution.

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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Escalante AA, Ferreira MU, Vinetz JM, Volkman SK, Cui L, Gamboa D, Krogstad DJ, Barry AE, Carlton JM, van Eijk AM, Pradhan K, Mueller I, Greenhouse B, Pacheco MA, Vallejo AF, Herrera S, Felger I. Malaria Molecular Epidemiology: Lessons from the International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research Network. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Sep 2; 93(3 Suppl):79-86.
        View in: PubMed
      2. King CL, Davies DH, Felgner P, Baum E, Jain A, Randall A, Tetteh K, Drakeley CJ, Greenhouse B. Biosignatures of Exposure/Transmission and Immunity. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Sep 2; 93(3 Suppl):16-27.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Helb DA, Tetteh KK, Felgner PL, Skinner J, Hubbard A, Arinaitwe E, Mayanja-Kizza H, Ssewanyana I, Kamya MR, Beeson JG, Tappero J, Smith DL, Crompton PD, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G, Drakeley CJ, Greenhouse B. Novel serologic biomarkers provide accurate estimates of recent Plasmodium falciparum exposure for individuals and communities. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Aug 11; 112(32):E4438-47.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Boyle MJ, Jagannathan P, Farrington LA, Eccles-James I, Wamala S, McIntyre TI, Vance HM, Bowen K, Nankya F, Auma A, Nalubega M, Sikyomu E, Naluwu K, Rek J, Katureebe A, Bigira V, Kapisi J, Tappero J, Muhindo MK, Greenhouse B, Arinaitwe E, Dorsey G, Kamya MR, Feeney ME. Decline of FoxP3+ Regulatory CD4 T Cells in Peripheral Blood of Children Heavily Exposed to Malaria. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Jul; 11(7):e1005041.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Greenhouse B, Smith DL. Malaria genotyping for epidemiologic surveillance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jun 2; 112(22):6782-3.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Sullivan RT, Kim CC, Fontana MF, Feeney ME, Jagannathan P, Boyle MJ, Drakeley CJ, Ssewanyana I, Nankya F, Mayanja-Kizza H, Dorsey G, Greenhouse B. FCRL5 Delineates Functionally Impaired Memory B Cells Associated with Plasmodium falciparum Exposure. PLoS Pathog. 2015 May; 11(5):e1004894.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Morris U, Xu W, Msellem MI, Schwartz A, Abass A, Shakely D, Cook J, Bhattarai A, Petzold M, Greenhouse B, Ali AS, Björkman A, Fröberg G, Mårtensson A. Characterising temporal trends in asymptomatic Plasmodium infections and transporter polymorphisms during transition from high to low transmission in Zanzibar, 2005-2013. Infect Genet Evol. 2015 Jul; 33:110-7.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Snyman K, Mwangwa F, Bigira V, Kapisi J, Clark TD, Osterbauer B, Greenhouse B, Sturrock H, Gosling R, Liu J, Dorsey G. Poor housing construction associated with increased malaria incidence in a cohort of young ugandan children. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Jun 3; 92(6):1207-13.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Kamya MR, Arinaitwe E, Wanzira H, Katureebe A, Barusya C, Kigozi SP, Kilama M, Tatem AJ, Rosenthal PJ, Drakeley C, Lindsay SW, Staedke SG, Smith DL, Greenhouse B, Dorsey G. Malaria transmission, infection, and disease at three sites with varied transmission intensity in Uganda: implications for malaria control. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 May 6; 92(5):903-12.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Yeka A, Nankabirwa J, Mpimbaza A, Kigozi R, Arinaitwe E, Drakeley C, Greenhouse B, Kamya MR, Dorsey G, Staedke SG. Factors associated with malaria parasitemia, anemia and serological responses in a spectrum of epidemiological settings in Uganda. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0118901.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Tumwebaze P, Conrad MD, Walakira A, LeClair N, Byaruhanga O, Nakazibwe C, Kozak B, Bloome J, Okiring J, Kakuru A, Bigira V, Kapisi J, Legac J, Gut J, Cooper RA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Dorsey G, Greenhouse B, Nsobya SL, Rosenthal PJ. Impact of antimalarial treatment and chemoprevention on the drug sensitivity of malaria parasites isolated from ugandan children. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Jun; 59(6):3018-30.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Schwartz A, Baidjoe A, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G, Bousema T, Greenhouse B. The Effect of Storage and Extraction Methods on Amplification of Plasmodium falciparum DNA from Dried Blood Spots. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 May 6; 92(5):922-5.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Boyle MJ, Jagannathan P, Bowen K, McIntyre TI, Vance HM, Farrington LA, Greenhouse B, Nankya F, Rek J, Katureebe A, Arinaitwe E, Dorsey G, Kamya MR, Feeney ME. The effector phenotype of P. falciparum-specific CD4 T cells is influenced by both age and transmission intensity in naturally exposed populations. J Infect Dis. 2015 Feb 2.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Hsiang MS, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ. Reply to goyal et Al. J Infect Dis. 2015 May 15; 211(10):1687.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Kouyos RD, Metcalf CJ, Birger R, Klein EY, Abel zur Wiesch P, Ankomah P, Arinaminpathy N, Bogich TL, Bonhoeffer S, Brower C, Chi-Johnston G, Cohen T, Day T, Greenhouse B, Huijben S, Metlay J, Mideo N, Pollitt LC, Read AF, Smith DL, Standley C, Wale N, Grenfell B. The path of least resistance: aggressive or moderate treatment? Proc Biol Sci. 2014 Nov 7; 281(1794):20140566.
        View in: PubMed PMC4211439
      16. Jagannathan P, Kim CC, Greenhouse B, Nankya F, Bowen K, Eccles-James I, Muhindo MK, Arinaitwe E, Tappero JW, Kamya MR, Dorsey G, Feeney ME. Loss and dysfunction of Vd2? ?d T cells are associated with clinical tolerance to malaria. Sci Transl Med. 2014 Aug 27; 6(251):251ra117.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Mbogo GW, Nankoberanyi S, Tukwasibwe S, Baliraine FN, Nsobya SL, Conrad MD, Arinaitwe E, Kamya M, Tappero J, Staedke SG, Dorsey G, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ. Temporal changes in prevalence of molecular markers mediating antimalarial drug resistance in a high malaria transmission setting in Uganda. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Jul; 91(1):54-61.
        View in: PubMed PMC4080569
      18. Hsiang MS, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ. Point of care testing for malaria using LAMP, loop mediated isothermal amplification. J Infect Dis. 2014 Oct 15; 210(8):1167-9.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Bejon P, Williams TN, Nyundo C, Hay SI, Benz D, Gething PW, Otiende M, Peshu J, Bashraheil M, Greenhouse B, Bousema T, Bauni E, Marsh K, Smith DL, Borrmann S. A micro-epidemiological analysis of febrile malaria in Coastal Kenya showing hotspots within hotspots. Elife. 2014; 3:e02130.
        View in: PubMed PMC3999589
      20. Kilama M, Smith DL, Hutchinson R, Kigozi R, Yeka A, Lavoy G, Kamya MR, Staedke SG, Donnelly MJ, Drakeley C, Greenhouse B, Dorsey G, Lindsay SW. Estimating the annual entomological inoculation rate for Plasmodium falciparum transmitted by Anopheles gambiae s.l. using three sampling methods in three sites in Uganda. Malar J. 2014; 13:111.
        View in: PubMed PMC4001112
      21. Conrad MD, LeClair N, Arinaitwe E, Wanzira H, Kakuru A, Bigira V, Muhindo M, Kamya MR, Tappero JW, Greenhouse B, Dorsey G, Rosenthal PJ. Comparative impacts over 5 years of artemisinin-based combination therapies on Plasmodium falciparum polymorphisms that modulate drug sensitivity in Ugandan children. J Infect Dis. 2014 Aug 1; 210(3):344-53.
        View in: PubMed PMC4110461
      22. Jagannathan P, Eccles-James I, Bowen K, Nankya F, Auma A, Wamala S, Ebusu C, Muhindo MK, Arinaitwe E, Briggs J, Greenhouse B, Tappero JW, Kamya MR, Dorsey G, Feeney ME. IFN?/IL-10 co-producing cells dominate the CD4 response to malaria in highly exposed children. PLoS Pathog. 2014 Jan; 10(1):e1003864.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Gong L, Parikh S, Rosenthal PJ, Greenhouse B. Biochemical and immunological mechanisms by which sickle cell trait protects against malaria. Malar J. 2013; 12:317.
        View in: PubMed PMC3847285
      24. Shakely D, Elfving K, Aydin-Schmidt B, Msellem MI, Morris U, Omar R, Weiping X, Petzold M, Greenhouse B, Baltzell KA, Ali AS, Björkman A, Mårtensson A. The usefulness of rapid diagnostic tests in the new context of low malaria transmission in Zanzibar. PLoS One. 2013; 8(9):e72912.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Mosha JF, Sturrock HJ, Greenhouse B, Greenwood B, Sutherland CJ, Gadalla N, Atwal S, Drakeley C, Kibiki G, Bousema T, Chandramohan D, Gosling R. Epidemiology of subpatent Plasmodium falciparum infection: implications for detection of hotspots with imperfect diagnostics. Malar J. 2013; 12:221.
        View in: PubMed PMC3701503
      26. Ochong E, Tumwebaze PK, Byaruhanga O, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ. Fitness consequences of Plasmodium falciparum pfmdr1 polymorphisms inferred from ex vivo culture of Ugandan parasites. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013 Jun 24.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Sturrock HJ, Hsiang MS, Cohen JM, Smith DL, Greenhouse B, Bousema T, Gosling RD. Targeting asymptomatic malaria infections: active surveillance in control and elimination. PLoS Med. 2013; 10(6):e1001467.
        View in: PubMed PMC3708701
      28. Sturrock HJ, Novotny JM, Kunene S, Dlamini S, Zulu Z, Cohen JM, Hsiang MS, Greenhouse B, Gosling RD. Reactive case detection for malaria elimination: real-life experience from an ongoing program in Swaziland. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e63830.
        View in: PubMed PMC3658965
      29. Jagannathan P, Muhindo MK, Kakuru A, Arinaitwe E, Greenhouse B, Tappero J, Rosenthal PJ, Kaharuza F, Kamya MR, Dorsey G. Increasing incidence of malaria in children despite insecticide-treated bed nets and prompt anti-malarial therapy in Tororo, Uganda. Malar J. 2012; 11:435.
        View in: PubMed PMC3551700
      30. Keh CE, Jha AR, Nzarubara B, Lanar DE, Dutta S, Theisen M, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G, Nixon DF, Greenhouse B. Associations between antibodies to a panel of Plasmodium falciparum specific antigens and response to sub-optimal antimalarial therapy in Kampala, Uganda. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e52571.
        View in: PubMed PMC3526588
      31. Baltzell KA, Shakely D, Hsiang M, Kemere J, Ali AS, Björkman A, Mårtensson A, Omar R, Elfving K, Msellem M, Aydin-Schmidt B, Rosenthal PJ, Greenhouse B. Prevalence of PCR detectable malaria infection among febrile patients with a negative Plasmodium falciparum specific rapid diagnostic test in Zanzibar. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Feb; 88(2):289-91.
        View in: PubMed PMC3583319
      32. Gong L, Maiteki-Sebuguzi C, Rosenthal PJ, Hubbard AE, Drakeley CJ, Dorsey G, Greenhouse B. Evidence for both innate and acquired mechanisms of protection from Plasmodium falciparum in children with sickle cell trait. Blood. 2012 Apr 19; 119(16):3808-14.
        View in: PubMed PMC3335384
      33. Hsiang MS, Hwang J, Kunene S, Drakeley C, Kandula D, Novotny J, Parizo J, Jensen T, Tong M, Kemere J, Dlamini S, Moonen B, Angov E, Dutta S, Ockenhouse C, Dorsey G, Greenhouse B. Surveillance for malaria elimination in Swaziland: a national cross-sectional study using pooled PCR and serology. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29550.
        View in: PubMed PMC3253098
      34. Greenhouse B, Ho B, Hubbard A, Njama-Meya D, Narum DL, Lanar DE, Dutta S, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G, John CC. Antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum antigens predict a higher risk of malaria but protection from symptoms once parasitemic. J Infect Dis. 2011 Jul 1; 204(1):19-26.
        View in: PubMed PMC3105040
      35. Baliraine FN, Nsobya SL, Achan J, Tibenderana JK, Talisuna AO, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ. Limited ability of Plasmodium falciparum pfcrt, pfmdr1, and pfnhe1 polymorphisms to predict quinine in vitro sensitivity or clinical effectiveness in Uganda. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011 Feb; 55(2):615-22.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Hsiang MS, Lin M, Dokomajilar C, Kemere J, Pilcher CD, Dorsey G, Greenhouse B. PCR-based pooling of dried blood spots for detection of malaria parasites: optimization and application to a cohort of Ugandan children. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Oct; 48(10):3539-43.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Clark TD, Njama-Meya D, Nzarubara B, Maiteki-Sebuguzi C, Greenhouse B, Staedke SG, Kamya MR, Dorsey G, Rosenthal PJ. Incidence of malaria and efficacy of combination antimalarial therapies over 4 years in an urban cohort of Ugandan children. PLoS One. 2010; 5(7):e11759.
        View in: PubMed PMC2912768
      38. Somé AF, Séré YY, Dokomajilar C, Zongo I, Rouamba N, Greenhouse B, Ouédraogo JB, Rosenthal PJ. Selection of known Plasmodium falciparum resistance-mediating polymorphisms by artemether-lumefantrine and amodiaquine-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine but not dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine in Burkina Faso. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 May; 54(5):1949-54.
        View in: PubMed PMC2863637
      39. Gupta V, Dorsey G, Hubbard AE, Rosenthal PJ, Greenhouse B. Gel versus capillary electrophoresis genotyping for categorizing treatment outcomes in two anti-malarial trials in Uganda. Malar J. 2010; 9:19.
        View in: PubMed PMC2817701
      40. Nsobya SL, Kiggundu M, Nanyunja S, Joloba M, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ. In vitro sensitivities of Plasmodium falciparum to different antimalarial drugs in Uganda. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 Mar; 54(3):1200-6.
        View in: PubMed PMC2825959
      41. Arinaitwe E, Sandison TG, Wanzira H, Kakuru A, Homsy J, Kalamya J, Kamya MR, Vora N, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ, Tappero J, Dorsey G. Artemether-lumefantrine versus dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for falciparum malaria: a longitudinal, randomized trial in young Ugandan children. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Dec 1; 49(11):1629-37.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Greenhouse B, Slater M, Njama-Meya D, Nzarubara B, Maiteki-Sebuguzi C, Clark TD, Staedke SG, Kamya MR, Hubbard A, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G. Decreasing efficacy of antimalarial combination therapy in Uganda is explained by decreasing host immunity rather than increasing drug resistance. J Infect Dis. 2009 Mar 1; 199(5):758-65.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Clark TD, Greenhouse B, Njama-Meya D, Nzarubara B, Maiteki-Sebuguzi C, Staedke SG, Seto E, Kamya MR, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G. Factors determining the heterogeneity of malaria incidence in children in Kampala, Uganda. J Infect Dis. 2008 Aug 1; 198(3):393-400.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Greenhouse B, Dokomajilar C, Hubbard A, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G. Impact of transmission intensity on the accuracy of genotyping to distinguish recrudescence from new infection in antimalarial clinical trials. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007 Sep; 51(9):3096-103.
        View in: PubMed PMC2043236
      45. Kamya MR, Yeka A, Bukirwa H, Lugemwa M, Rwakimari JB, Staedke SG, Talisuna AO, Greenhouse B, Nosten F, Rosenthal PJ, Wabwire-Mangen F, Dorsey G. Artemether-lumefantrine versus dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for treatment of malaria: a randomized trial. PLoS Clin Trials. 2007; 2(5):e20.
        View in: PubMed PMC1876597
      46. German P, Greenhouse B, Coates C, Dorsey G, Rosenthal PJ, Charlebois E, Lindegardh N, Havlir D, Aweeka FT. Hepatotoxicity due to a drug interaction between amodiaquine plus artesunate and efavirenz. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Mar 15; 44(6):889-91.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Collins WJ, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G. The use of genotyping in antimalarial clinical trials: a systematic review of published studies from 1995-2005. Malar J. 2006; 5:122.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Greenhouse B, Myrick A, Dokomajilar C, Woo JM, Carlson EJ, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G. Validation of microsatellite markers for use in genotyping polyclonal Plasmodium falciparum infections. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Nov; 75(5):836-42.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Dokomajilar C, Nsobya SL, Greenhouse B, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G. Selection of Plasmodium falciparum pfmdr1 alleles following therapy with artemether-lumefantrine in an area of Uganda where malaria is highly endemic. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 May; 50(5):1893-5.
        View in: PubMed PMC1472234
      50. Njama D, Dorsey G, Guwatudde D, Kigonya K, Greenhouse B, Musisi S, Kamya MR. Urban malaria: primary caregivers' knowledge, attitudes, practices and predictors of malaria incidence in a cohort of Ugandan children. Trop Med Int Health. 2003 Aug; 8(8):685-92.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Essajee SM, Yogev R, Pollack H, Greenhouse B, Krasinski K, Borkowsky W. Recombinant glycoprotein vaccines for human immunodeficiency virus-infected children and their effects on viral quasispecies. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Jan; 9(1):79-82.
        View in: PubMed
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