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    Peter Carroll, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentUrology
    Address1600 Divisadero St.,MZ Bldg A
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-353-7098
      Other Positions
      TitleChair, Urology


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       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Wang SY, Shiboski S, Belair CD, Cooperberg MR, Simko JP, Stoppler H, Cowan J, Carroll PR, Blelloch R. miR-19, miR-345, miR-519c-5p Serum Levels Predict Adverse Pathology in Prostate Cancer Patients Eligible for Active Surveillance. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e98597.
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      2. Welty CJ, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Meaningful end points and outcomes in men on active surveillance for early-stage prostate cancer. Curr Opin Urol. 2014 May; 24(3):288-92.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Carroll PR, Vickers AJ. Point/Counterpoint: early detection of prostate cancer: do the benefits outweigh the consequences? J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2014 May; 12(5 Suppl):768-71.
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      4. Greene KL, Punnen S, Carroll PR. Evolution and immediate future of US screening guidelines. Urol Clin North Am. 2014 May; 41(2):229-35.
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      5. Jarow JP, Thompson IM, Kluetz PG, Baxley J, Sridhara R, Scardino P, Carroll P, Albertsen P, Carter HB, Brawley O, Sartor O, Sandler H, Kiefert JJ, Morton RA. Drug and device development for localized prostate cancer: report of a food and drug administration/american urological association public workshop. Urology. 2014 May; 83(5):975-9.
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      6. Morgan TM, Meng MV, Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Weinberg V, Carroll PR, Lin DW. A risk-adjusted definition of biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2014 Jun; 17(2):174-9.
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      7. Garcia MM, Gottschalk AR, Brajtbord J, Konety BR, Meng MV, Roach M, Carroll PR. Endoscopic gold fiducial marker placement into the bladder wall to optimize radiotherapy targeting for bladder-preserving management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer: feasibility and initial outcomes. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e89754.
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      8. Vickers AJ, Thompson IM, Klein E, Carroll PR, Scardino PT. A commentary on PSA velocity and doubling time for clinical decisions in prostate cancer. Urology. 2014 Mar; 83(3):592-6.
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      9. Bennett A, Gnjidic D, Gillett M, Carroll P, Matthews S, Johnell K, Fastbom J, Hilmer S. Prevalence and impact of fall-risk-increasing drugs, polypharmacy, and drug-drug interactions in robust versus frail hospitalised falls patients: a prospective cohort study. Drugs Aging. 2014 Mar; 31(3):225-32.
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      10. Welty CJ, Carroll PR. The ongoing need for improved risk stratification and monitoring for those on active surveillance for early stage prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun; 65(6):1032-3.
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      11. Brajtbord JS, Punnen S, Cowan JE, Welty CJ, Carroll PR. Age and baseline quality of life at radical prostatectomy-who has the most to lose? J Urol. 2014 Aug; 192(2):396-401.
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      12. Johnston C, Hilmer SN, McLachlan AJ, Matthews ST, Carroll PR, Kirkpatrick CM. The impact of frailty on pharmacokinetics in older people: using gentamicin population pharmacokinetic modeling to investigate changes in renal drug clearance by glomerular filtration. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 May; 70(5):549-55.
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      13. Magbanua MJ, Richman EL, Sosa EV, Jones LW, Simko J, Shinohara K, Haqq CM, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Physical activity and prostate gene expression in men with low-risk prostate cancer. Cancer Causes Control. 2014 Apr; 25(4):515-23.
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      14. Anwar M, Westphalen AC, Jung AJ, Noworolski SM, Simko JP, Kurhanewicz J, Roach M, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Role of endorectal MR imaging and MR spectroscopic imaging in defining treatable intraprostatic tumor foci in prostate cancer: Quantitative analysis of imaging contour compared to whole-mount histopathology. Radiother Oncol. 2014 Feb; 110(2):303-8.
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      15. Loeb S, Bjurlin MA, Nicholson J, Tammela TL, Penson DF, Carter HB, Carroll P, Etzioni R. Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun; 65(6):1046-55.
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      16. Glass AS, Hilton JF, Cowan JE, Washington SL, Carroll PR. Serial Prostate Biopsy and Risk of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Results From a Large, Single-institution Active Surveillance Cohort. Urology. 2014 Jan; 83(1):33-9.
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      17. Jung AJ, Westphalen AC, Kurhanewicz J, Wang ZJ, Carroll PR, Simko JP, Coakley FV. Clinical utility of endorectal MRI-guided prostate biopsy: Preliminary experience. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Oct 31.
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      18. Cary KC, Singla N, Cowan JE, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Impact of Androgen Deprivation Therapy on Mental and Emotional Well-Being in Men with Prostate Cancer: Analysis from the CaPSURE™ Registry. J Urol. 2014 Apr; 191(4):964-70.
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      19. Cary KC, Paciorek A, Fuldeore MJ, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Temporal trends and predictors of salvage cancer treatment after failure following radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy: An analysis from the CaPSURE registry. Cancer. 2014 Feb 15; 120(4):507-12.
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      20. Starobinets O, Guo R, Simko JP, Kuchinsky K, Kurhanewicz J, Carroll PR, Greene KL, Noworolski SM. Semiautomatic registration of digital histopathology images to in vivo MR images in molded and unmolded prostates. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 May; 39(5):1223-9.
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      21. Tomaszewski JJ, Richman EL, Sadetsky N, O'Keefe DS, Carroll PR, Davies BJ, Chan JM. Impact of Folate Intake on Prostate Cancer Recurrence Following Definitive Therapy: Data from CaPSURE™. J Urol. 2014 Apr; 191(4):971-6.
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      22. Ornish D, Lin J, Chan JM, Epel E, Kemp C, Weidner G, Marlin R, Frenda SJ, Magbanua MJ, Daubenmier J, Estay I, Hills NK, Chainani-Wu N, Carroll PR, Blackburn EH. Effect of comprehensive lifestyle changes on telomerase activity and telomere length in men with biopsy-proven low-risk prostate cancer: 5-year follow-up of a descriptive pilot study. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Oct; 14(11):1112-20.
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      23. Bauer SR, Richman EL, Sosa E, Weinberg V, Song X, Witte JS, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Antioxidant and vitamin E transport genes and risk of high-grade prostate cancer and prostate cancer recurrence. Prostate. 2013 Dec; 73(16):1786-95.
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      24. Pfister D, Bolla M, Briganti A, Carroll P, Cozzarini C, Joniau S, van Poppel H, Roach M, Stephenson A, Wiegel T, Zelefsky MJ. Early salvage radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun; 65(6):1034-43.
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      25. Broering JM, Paciorek A, Carroll PR, Wilson LS, Litwin MS, Miaskowski C. Measurement equivalence using a mixed-mode approach to administer health-related quality of life instruments. Qual Life Res. 2014 Mar; 23(2):495-508.
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      26. Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. Reply to A. Azad et al. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Sep 10; 31(26):3296-7.
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      27. Cary KC, Carroll PR. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2013 Oct; 190(4):1223.
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      28. Punnen S, Cowan JE, Dunn LB, Shumay DM, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. A longitudinal study of anxiety, depression and distress as predictors of sexual and urinary quality of life in men with prostate cancer. BJU Int. 2013 Jul; 112(2):E67-75.
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      29. Akaza H, Hinotsu S, Cooperberg MR, Chung BH, Youl Lee J, Umbas R, Tsukamoto T, Namiki M, Carroll P. Sixth joint meeting of J-CaP and CaPSURE--a multinational perspective on prostate cancer management and patient outcomes. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2013 Jul; 43(7):756-66.
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      30. Glass AS, Cowan JE, Fuldeore MJ, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Kenfield SA, Greene KL. Patient demographics, quality of life, and disease features of men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer: trends in the PSA era. Urology. 2013 Jul; 82(1):60-5.
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      31. Chang ST, Westphalen AC, Jha P, Jung AJ, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J, Coakley FV. Endorectal MRI and MR spectroscopic imaging of prostate cancer: Developing selection criteria for MR-guided focal therapy. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Mar; 39(3):519-25.
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      32. Punnen S, Freedland SJ, Presti JC, Aronson WJ, Terris MK, Kane CJ, Amling CL, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Multi-institutional Validation of the CAPRA-S Score to Predict Disease Recurrence and Mortality After Radical Prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun; 65(6):1171-7.
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      33. Odisho AY, Washington SL, Meng MV, Cowan JE, Simko JP, Carroll PR. Benign prostate glandular tissue at radical prostatectomy surgical margins. Urology. 2013 Jul; 82(1):154-9.
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      34. Lin DW, Newcomb LF, Brown EC, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Feng Z, Gleave ME, Lance RS, Sanda MG, Thompson IM, Wei JT, Nelson PS. Urinary TMPRSS2:ERG and PCA3 in an active surveillance cohort: results from a baseline analysis in the Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study. Clin Cancer Res. 2013 May 1; 19(9):2442-50.
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      35. Punnen S, Meng MV, Cooperberg MR, Greene KL, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. How does robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) compare with open surgery in men with high-risk prostate cancer? BJU Int. 2013 Aug; 112(4):E314-20.
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      36. Cooperberg MR, Simko JP, Cowan JE, Reid JE, Djalilvand A, Bhatnagar S, Gutin A, Lanchbury JS, Swanson GP, Stone S, Carroll PR. Validation of a cell-cycle progression gene panel to improve risk stratification in a contemporary prostatectomy cohort. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Apr 10; 31(11):1428-34.
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      37. Harris CR, Punnen S, Carroll PR. Men with low preoperative sexual function may benefit from nerve sparing radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 2013 Sep; 190(3):981-6.
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      38. Glass AS, Porten SP, Bonham M, Tran TC, Cowan JE, Punnen S, Chan JM, Carroll PR. Active surveillance: does serial prostate biopsy increase histological inflammation? Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2013 Jun; 16(2):165-9.
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      39. Hawley S, Fazli L, McKenney JK, Simko J, Troyer D, Nicolas M, Newcomb LF, Cowan JE, Crouch L, Ferrari M, Hernandez J, Hurtado-Coll A, Kuchinsky K, Liew J, Mendez-Meza R, Smith E, Tenggara I, Zhang X, Carroll PR, Chan JM, Gleave M, Lance R, Lin DW, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Feng Z, True LD, Brooks JD. A model for the design and construction of a resource for the validation of prognostic prostate cancer biomarkers: the Canary Prostate Cancer Tissue Microarray. Adv Anat Pathol. 2013 Jan; 20(1):39-44.
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      40. Greene KL, Albertsen PC, Babaian RJ, Carter HB, Gann PH, Han M, Kuban DA, Sartor AO, Stanford JL, Zietman A, Carroll P. Prostate specific antigen best practice statement: 2009 update. J Urol. 2013 Jan; 189(1 Suppl):S2-S11.
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      41. Glass AS, Cooperberg MR, Meng MV, Carroll PR. Role of active surveillance in the management of localized prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2012 Dec; 2012(45):202-6.
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      42. Eastham JA, Carroll P, Pisters L, Nguyen PT, Touijer K. Salvage therapies after radiation therapy. Urol Oncol. 2012 Nov-Dec; 30(6):940-1.
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      43. Xia J, Trock BJ, Cooperberg MR, Gulati R, Zeliadt SB, Gore JL, Lin DW, Carroll PR, Carter HB, Etzioni R. Prostate cancer mortality following active surveillance versus immediate radical prostatectomy. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Oct 1; 18(19):5471-8.
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      44. Resnick MJ, Guzzo TJ, Cowan JE, Knight SJ, Carroll PR, Penson DF. Factors associated with satisfaction with prostate cancer care: results from Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor (CaPSURE). BJU Int. 2013 Feb; 111(2):213-20.
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      45. Choe KS, Cowan JE, Chan JM, Carroll PR, D'Amico AV, Liauw SL. Aspirin use and the risk of prostate cancer mortality in men treated with prostatectomy or radiotherapy. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Oct 1; 30(28):3540-4.
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      46. Odisho AY, Berry AB, Ahmad AE, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Konety BR. Reply to Jai Prakash, Apul Goel and Manish Garg's Letter to the Editor re: Anobel Y. Odisho, Anna B. Berry, Ardalan E. Ahmad, Matthew R. Cooperberg, Peter R. Carroll, Badrinath R. Konety. Reflex ImmunoCyt Testing for the Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer in Patients with Atypical Urine Cytology. Eur Urol. In press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2012.04.019. Eur Urol. 2012 Nov; 62(5):e88.
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      47. Yang G, Villalta JD, Weiss DA, Carroll PR, Breyer BN. Gender differences in academic productivity and academic career choice among urology residents. J Urol. 2012 Oct; 188(4):1286-90.
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      48. Hilton JF, Blaschko SD, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. The impact of serial prostate biopsies on sexual function in men on active surveillance for prostate cancer. J Urol. 2012 Oct; 188(4):1252-8.
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      49. Bangma CH, Bul M, van der Kwast TH, Pickles T, Korfage IJ, Hoeks CM, Steyerberg EW, Jenster G, Kattan MW, Bellardita L, Carroll PR, Denis LJ, Parker C, Roobol MJ, Emberton M, Klotz LH, Rannikko A, Kakehi Y, Lane JA, Schröder FH, Semjonow A, Trock BJ, Valdagni R. Active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2013 Mar; 85(3):295-302.
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      50. Glass AS, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Early detection of prostate cancer: more information, more clarity. Eur Urol. 2012 Nov; 62(5):753-5; discussion 755-6.
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      51. Kutikov A, Cooperberg MR, Paciorek AT, Uzzo RG, Carroll PR, Boorjian SA. Evaluating prostate cancer mortality and competing risks of death in patients with localized prostate cancer using a comprehensive nomogram. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2012 Dec; 15(4):374-9.
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      52. Jung AJ, Coakley FV, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J, Cowan JE, Westphalen AC. Local staging of prostate cancer: comparative accuracy of T2-weighted endorectal MR imaging and transrectal ultrasound. Clin Imaging. 2012 Sep-Oct; 36(5):547-52.
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      53. Dall'Era MA, Albertsen PC, Bangma C, Carroll PR, Carter HB, Cooperberg MR, Freedland SJ, Klotz LH, Parker C, Soloway MS. Active surveillance for prostate cancer: a systematic review of the literature. Eur Urol. 2012 Dec; 62(6):976-83.
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      54. Montorsi F, Wilson TG, Rosen RC, Ahlering TE, Artibani W, Carroll PR, Costello A, Eastham JA, Ficarra V, Guazzoni G, Menon M, Novara G, Patel VR, Stolzenburg JU, Van der Poel H, Van Poppel H, Mottrie A. Best practices in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: recommendations of the Pasadena Consensus Panel. Eur Urol. 2012 Sep; 62(3):368-81.
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      55. Reese AC, Cowan JE, Brajtbord JS, Harris CR, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. The quantitative Gleason score improves prostate cancer risk assessment. Cancer. 2012 Dec 15; 118(24):6046-54.
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      56. Novara G, Ficarra V, Mocellin S, Ahlering TE, Carroll PR, Graefen M, Guazzoni G, Menon M, Patel VR, Shariat SF, Tewari AK, Van Poppel H, Zattoni F, Montorsi F, Mottrie A, Rosen RC, Wilson TG. Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting oncologic outcome after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2012 Sep; 62(3):382-404.
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      57. Ficarra V, Novara G, Rosen RC, Artibani W, Carroll PR, Costello A, Menon M, Montorsi F, Patel VR, Stolzenburg JU, Van der Poel H, Wilson TG, Zattoni F, Mottrie A. Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting urinary continence recovery after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2012 Sep; 62(3):405-17.
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      58. Hayes GM, Simko J, Holochwost D, Kuchinsky K, Busch R, Misell L, Murphy EJ, Carroll P, Chan J, Shinohara K, Hellerstein MK. Regional cell proliferation in microdissected human prostate specimens after heavy water labeling in vivo: correlation with prostate epithelial cells isolated from seminal fluid. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Jun 15; 18(12):3250-60.
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      59. Kane A, Mitchell SJ, Carroll PR, Matthews S, Hilmer SN. Characteristics of older and younger patients with suspected paracetamol toxicity. Australas J Ageing. 2012 Sep; 31(3):190-3.
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      60. Odisho AY, Berry AB, Ahmad AE, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Konety BR. Reflex ImmunoCyt testing for the diagnosis of bladder cancer in patients with atypical urine cytology. Eur Urol. 2013 May; 63(5):936-40.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Berglund RK, Tangen CM, Powell IJ, Lowe BA, Haas GP, Carroll PR, Canby-Hagino ED, deVere White R, Hemstreet GP, Crawford ED, Thompson IM, Klein EA. Ten-year follow-up of neoadjuvant therapy with goserelin acetate and flutamide before radical prostatectomy for clinical T3 and T4 prostate cancer: update on Southwest Oncology Group Study 9109. Urology. 2012 Mar; 79(3):633-7.
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      62. Aaronson DS, Odisho AY, Hills N, Cress R, Carroll PR, Dudley RA, Cooperberg MR. Proton beam therapy and treatment for localized prostate cancer: if you build it, they will come. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Feb 13; 172(3):280-3.
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      63. Arrayeh E, Westphalen AC, Kurhanewicz J, Roach M, Jung AJ, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Does local recurrence of prostate cancer after radiation therapy occur at the site of primary tumor? Results of a longitudinal MRI and MRSI study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Apr 1; 82(5):e787-93.
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      64. Akaza H, Carroll P, Cooperberg MR, Hinotsu S. Fifth Joint Meeting of J-CaP and CaPSURE: advancing the global understanding of prostate cancer and its management. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2012 Mar; 42(3):226-36.
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      65. Cooperberg MR, Odisho AY, Carroll PR. Outcomes for radical prostatectomy: is it the singer, the song, or both? J Clin Oncol. 2012 Feb 10; 30(5):476-8.
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      66. Messing EM, Albertsen P, Andriole GL, Carroll PR, Klein EA. The Society of Urologic Oncology's reply to the US Preventative Services Task Force's recommendation on PSA testing. Urol Oncol. 2012 Jan-Feb; 30(1):117-9.
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      67. Muglia VF, Westphalen AC, Wang ZJ, Kurhanewicz J, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Endorectal MRI of prostate cancer: incremental prognostic importance of gross locally advanced disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Dec; 197(6):1369-74.
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      68. Tasian GE, Cooperberg MR, Potter MB, Cowan JE, Greene KL, Carroll PR, Chan JM. PSA screening: determinants of primary-care physician practice patterns. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2012 Jun; 15(2):189-94.
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      69. Washington SL, Bonham M, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. Transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy does not reliably identify dominant cancer location in men with low-risk prostate cancer. BJU Int. 2012 Jul; 110(1):50-5.
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      70. Reese AC, Fradet V, Whitson JM, Davis CB, Carroll PR. Poor agreement of prostate specific antigen doubling times calculated using ultrasensitive versus standard prostate specific antigen values: important impact on risk assessment. J Urol. 2011 Dec; 186(6):2228-32.
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      71. Punnen S, Cooperberg MR, Sadetsky N, Carroll PR. Among potent men post radical prostatectomy, does the need for phosphodiesterase inhibitors have an impact on sexual bother scores? BJU Int. 2012 May; 109(10):1520-4.
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      72. Porten SP, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Perez N, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Changes in cancer volume in serial biopsies of men on active surveillance for early stage prostate cancer. J Urol. 2011 Nov; 186(5):1825-9.
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      73. Alemozaffar M, Regan MM, Cooperberg MR, Wei JT, Michalski JM, Sandler HM, Hembroff L, Sadetsky N, Saigal CS, Litwin MS, Klein E, Kibel AS, Hamstra DA, Pisters LL, Kuban DA, Kaplan ID, Wood DP, Ciezki J, Dunn RL, Carroll PR, Sanda MG. Prediction of erectile function following treatment for prostate cancer. JAMA. 2011 Sep 21; 306(11):1205-14.
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      74. Magbanua MJ, Roy R, Sosa EV, Weinberg V, Federman S, Mattie MD, Hughes-Fulford M, Simko J, Shinohara K, Haqq CM, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Gene expression and biological pathways in tissue of men with prostate cancer in a randomized clinical trial of lycopene and fish oil supplementation. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e24004.
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      75. Richman EL, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Vegetable and fruit intake after diagnosis and risk of prostate cancer progression. Int J Cancer. 2012 Jul 1; 131(1):201-10.
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      76. Punnen S, Cooperberg MR, Sadetsky N, Carroll PR. Androgen deprivation therapy and cardiovascular risk. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Sep 10; 29(26):3510-6.
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      77. Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Klotz L. Active surveillance for prostate cancer: progress and promise. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Sep 20; 29(27):3669-76.
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      78. McKenney JK, Simko J, Bonham M, True LD, Troyer D, Hawley S, Newcomb LF, Fazli L, Kunju LP, Nicolas MM, Vakar-Lopez F, Zhang X, Carroll PR, Brooks JD. The potential impact of reproducibility of Gleason grading in men with early stage prostate cancer managed by active surveillance: a multi-institutional study. J Urol. 2011 Aug; 186(2):465-9.
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      79. Cooperberg MR, Mallin K, Kane CJ, Carroll PR. Treatment trends for stage I renal cell carcinoma. J Urol. 2011 Aug; 186(2):394-9.
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      80. Cooperberg MR, Hilton JF, Carroll PR. The CAPRA-S score: A straightforward tool for improved prediction of outcomes after radical prostatectomy. Cancer. 2011 Nov 15; 117(22):5039-46.
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      81. Porten SP, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Cooperberg MR, Shinohara K, Perez N, Greene KL, Meng MV, Carroll PR. Changes in prostate cancer grade on serial biopsy in men undergoing active surveillance. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Jul 10; 29(20):2795-800.
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      82. Richman EL, Kenfield SA, Stampfer MJ, Paciorek A, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Physical activity after diagnosis and risk of prostate cancer progression: data from the cancer of the prostate strategic urologic research endeavor. Cancer Res. 2011 Jun 1; 71(11):3889-95.
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      83. Ploussard G, Epstein JI, Montironi R, Carroll PR, Wirth M, Grimm MO, Bjartell AS, Montorsi F, Freedland SJ, Erbersdobler A, van der Kwast TH. The contemporary concept of significant versus insignificant prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2011 Aug; 60(2):291-303.
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      84. Whitson JM, Porten SP, Cowan JE, Simko JP, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Factors associated with downgrading in patients with high grade prostate cancer. Urol Oncol. 2013 May; 31(4):442-7.
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      85. Carroll PR, Whitson JM. Editorial comment. Urology. 2011 Apr; 77(4):984-5.
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      86. Dall'Era MA, Cowan JE, Simko J, Shinohara K, Davies B, Konety BR, Meng MV, Perez N, Greene K, Carroll PR. Surgical management after active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer: pathological outcomes compared with men undergoing immediate treatment. BJU Int. 2011 Apr; 107(8):1232-7.
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      87. Whitson JM, Porten SP, Hilton JF, Cowan JE, Perez N, Cooperberg MR, Greene KL, Meng MV, Simko JP, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. The relationship between prostate specific antigen change and biopsy progression in patients on active surveillance for prostate cancer. J Urol. 2011 May; 185(5):1656-60.
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      88. Mallin K, David KA, Carroll PR, Milowsky MI, Nanus DM. Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: racial and gender disparities in survival (1993 to 2002), stage and grade (1993 to 2007). J Urol. 2011 May; 185(5):1631-6.
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      89. Sadetsky N, Greene K, Cooperberg MR, Hubbard A, Carroll PR, Satariano W. Impact of androgen deprivation on physical well-being in patients with prostate cancer: analysis from the CaPSURE (Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor) registry. Cancer. 2011 Oct 1; 117(19):4406-13.
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      90. Porten SP, Cooperberg MR, Konety BR, Carroll PR. The example of CaPSURE: lessons learned from a national disease registry. World J Urol. 2011 Jun; 29(3):265-71.
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      91. Whitson JM, Porten SP, Carroll PR. Prostate cancer: reducing overtreatment: active surveillance in low-risk disease. Nat Rev Urol. 2011 Mar; 8(3):124-5.
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      92. Kazer MW, Bailey DE, Colberg J, Kelly WK, Carroll P. The needs for men undergoing active surveillance (AS) for prostate cancer: results of a focus group study. J Clin Nurs. 2011 Feb; 20(3-4):581-6.
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      93. Hilmer SN, Tran K, Rubie P, Wright J, Gnjidic D, Mitchell SJ, Matthews S, Carroll PR. Gentamicin pharmacokinetics in old age and frailty. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2011 Feb; 71(2):224-31.
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      94. Yang G, Whitson JM, Breyer BN, Konety BR, Carroll PR. Oncological and functional outcomes of radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder replacement in women. Urology. 2011 Apr; 77(4):878-83.
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      95. Carroll PR, Whitson JM, Cooperberg MR. Serum prostate-specific antigen for the early detection of prostate cancer: always, never, or only sometimes? J Clin Oncol. 2011 Feb 1; 29(4):345-7.
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      96. Yang G, Zaid UB, Erickson BA, Blaschko SD, Carroll PR, Breyer BN. Urology resident publication output and its relationship to future academic achievement. J Urol. 2011 Feb; 185(2):642-6.
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      97. Bechis SK, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Impact of age at diagnosis on prostate cancer treatment and survival. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Jan 10; 29(2):235-41.
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      98. Breyer BN, Davis CB, Cowan JE, Kane CJ, Carroll PR. Incidence of bladder neck contracture after robot-assisted laparoscopic and open radical prostatectomy. BJU Int. 2010 Dec; 106(11):1734-8.
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      99. Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Hilton JF, Reese AC, Zaid HB, Porten SP, Shinohara K, Meng MV, Greene KL, Carroll PR. Outcomes of active surveillance for men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Jan 10; 29(2):228-34.
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      100. Reese AC, Sadetsky N, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Inaccuracies in assignment of clinical stage for localized prostate cancer. Cancer. 2011 Jan 15; 117(2):283-9.
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      332. Powell IJ, Tangen CM, Miller GJ, Lowe BA, Haas G, Carroll PR, Osswald MB, DeVERE WHITE R, Thompson IM, Crawford ED. Neoadjuvant therapy before radical prostatectomy for clinical T3/T4 carcinoma of the prostate: 5-year followup, Phase II Southwest Oncology Group Study 9109. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168(5):2016-9.
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      347. Coakley FV, Kurhanewicz J, Lu Y, Jones KD, Swanson MG, Chang SD, Carroll PR, Hricak H. Prostate cancer tumor volume: measurement with endorectal MR and MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 2002 Apr; 223(1):91-7.
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      352. Mueller-Lisse UG, Vigneron DB, Hricak H, Swanson MG, Carroll PR, Bessette A, Scheidler J, Srivastava A, Males RG, Cha I, Kurhanewicz J. Localized prostate cancer: effect of hormone deprivation therapy measured by using combined three-dimensional 1H MR spectroscopy and MR imaging: clinicopathologic case-controlled study. Radiology. 2001 Nov; 221(2):380-90.
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      355. Grossfeld GD, Carroll PR. Orthotopic urinary diversion with the ileal neobladder. Tech Urol. 2001 Sep; 7(3):196-202.
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      356. Grady B, Goharderakhshan R, Chang J, Ribeiro-Filho LA, Perinchery G, Franks J, Presti J, Carroll P, Dahiya R. Frequently deleted loci on chromosome 9 may harbor several tumor suppressor genes in human renal cell carcinoma. J Urol. 2001 Sep; 166(3):1088-92.
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      357. Meng MV, Grossfeld GD, Williams GH, Dilworth S, Stoeber K, Mulley TW, Weinberg V, Carroll PR, Tlsty TD. Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 expression in prostate: characterization and association with outcome after therapy for cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2001 Sep; 7(9):2712-8.
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      358. Li LC, Zhao H, Nakajima K, Oh BR, Ribeiro Filho LA, Carroll P, Dahiya R. Methylation of the E-cadherin gene promoter correlates with progression of prostate cancer. J Urol. 2001 Aug; 166(2):705-9.
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      360. Grossfeld GD, Small EJ, Lubeck DP, Latini D, Broering JM, Carroll PR. Androgen deprivation therapy for patients with clinically localized (stages T1 to T3) prostate cancer and for patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Urology. 2001 Aug; 58(2 Suppl 1):56-64.
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      362. Carroll PR, Fair WR, Grossfeld GD, Heston WD, Lieberman R, Malkowicz SB, Stricker HJ, Sylvester J, Peehl DM, Meyer F, Hart C. Overview consensus statement. Urology. 2001 Aug; 58(2 Suppl 1):1-4.
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      363. Koppie TM, Grossfeld GD, Nudell DM, Weinberg VK, Carroll PR. Is anastomotic biopsy necessary before radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy? J Urol. 2001 Jul; 166(1):111-5.
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      366. Park S, Shinohara K, Grossfeld GD, Carroll PR. Prostate cancer detection in men with prior high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or atypical prostate biopsy. J Urol. 2001 May; 165(5):1409-14.
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      367. Grossfeld GD, Litwin MS, Wolf JS, Hricak H, Shuler CL, Agerter DC, Carroll PR. Evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in adults: the American Urological Association best practice policy--part II: patient evaluation, cytology, voided markers, imaging, cystoscopy, nephrology evaluation, and follow-up. Urology. 2001 Apr; 57(4):604-10.
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      368. Ornish DM, Lee KL, Fair WR, Pettengill EB, Carroll PR. Dietary trial in prostate cancer: Early experience and implications for clinical trial design. Urology. 2001 Apr; 57(4 Suppl 1):200-1.
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      377. Carroll P. Rising PSA after a radical treatment. Eur Urol. 2001; 40 Suppl 2:9-16.
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      379. Meng MV, Carroll PR. When is pelvic lymph node dissection necessary before radical prostatectomy? A decision analysis. J Urol. 2000 Oct; 164(4):1235-40.
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      380. Muscheck M, Abol-Enein H, Chew K, Moore D, Bhargava V, Ghoneim MA, Carroll PR, Waldman FM. Comparison of genetic changes in schistosome-related transitional and squamous bladder cancers using comparative genomic hybridization. Carcinogenesis. 2000 Sep; 21(9):1721-6.
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      383. Koppie TM, Grossfeld GD, Miller D, Yu J, Stier D, Broering JM, Lubeck D, Henning JM, Flanders SC, Carroll PR. Patterns of treatment of patients with prostate cancer initially managed with surveillance: results from The CaPSURE database. Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urological Research Endeavor. J Urol. 2000 Jul; 164(1):81-8.
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      384. Grossfeld GD, Tigrani VS, Nudell D, Roach M, Weinberg VK, Presti JC, Small EJ, Carroll PR. Management of a positive surgical margin after radical prostatectomy: decision analysis. J Urol. 2000 Jul; 164(1):93-9; discussion 100.
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      385. Roach M, Chen A, Song J, Diaz A, Presti J, Carroll P. Pretreatment prostate-specific antigen and Gleason score predict the risk of extracapsular extension and the risk of failure following radiotherapy in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. Semin Urol Oncol. 2000 May; 18(2):108-14.
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      387. Perinchery G, Sasaki M, Angan A, Kumar V, Carroll P, Dahiya R. Deletion of Y-chromosome specific genes in human prostate cancer. J Urol. 2000 Apr; 163(4):1339-42.
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      390. Li LC, Chui RM, Sasaki M, Nakajima K, Perinchery G, Au HC, Nojima D, Carroll P, Dahiya R. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the E-cadherin gene promoter alters transcriptional activities. Cancer Res. 2000 Feb 15; 60(4):873-6.
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      392. Tigrani VS, Reese DM, Small EJ, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Potential role of nephrectomy in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a retrospective analysis. Urology. 2000 Jan; 55(1):36-40.
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      393. Nudell DM, Wefer AE, Hricak H, Carroll PR. Imaging for recurrent prostate cancer. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Jan; 38(1):213-29.
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      395. Nudell DM, Grossfeld GD, Weinberg VK, Roach M, Carroll PR. Radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy: treatment outcomes and failure patterns. Urology. 1999 Dec; 54(6):1049-57.
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      396. Yu KK, Scheidler J, Hricak H, Vigneron DB, Zaloudek CJ, Males RG, Nelson SJ, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J. Prostate cancer: prediction of extracapsular extension with endorectal MR imaging and three-dimensional proton MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 1999 Nov; 213(2):481-8.
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      398. Overstreet JW, Fuh VL, Gould J, Howards SS, Lieber MM, Hellstrom W, Shapiro S, Carroll P, Corfman RS, Petrou S, Lewis R, Toth P, Shown T, Roy J, Jarow JP, Bonilla J, Jacobsen CA, Wang DZ, Kaufman KD. Chronic treatment with finasteride daily does not affect spermatogenesis or semen production in young men. J Urol. 1999 Oct; 162(4):1295-300.
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      400. Koppie TM, Shinohara K, Grossfeld GD, Presti JC, Carroll PR. The efficacy of cryosurgical ablation of prostate cancer: the University of California, San Francisco experience. J Urol. 1999 Aug; 162(2):427-32.
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      401. Morey AF, McAninch JW, Tiller BK, Duckett CP, Carroll PR. Single shot intraoperative excretory urography for the immediate evaluation of renal trauma. J Urol. 1999 Apr; 161(4):1088-92.
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      403. Grossfeld GD, Muscheck M, Stein JP, Chew K, Cote RJ, Ginsberg DA, Waldman FM, Carroll PR. Cellular proliferation and cell-cell cycle regulatory proteins as prognostic markers for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999; 462:425-35.
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      405. Rogers R, Grossfeld GD, Roach M, Shinohara K, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Radiation therapy for the management of biopsy proved local recurrence after radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 1998 Nov; 160(5):1748-53.
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      406. Grossfeld GD, Carroll PR. Evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. Urol Clin North Am. 1998 Nov; 25(4):661-76.
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      412. Mueller P, Carroll P, Bowers E, Moore D, Cher M, Presti J, Wessman M, Pallavicini MG. Low frequency epithelial cells in bone marrow aspirates from prostate carcinoma patients are cytogenetically aberrant. Cancer. 1998 Aug 1; 83(3):538-46.
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      414. Serra AD, Hricak H, Coakley FV, Kim B, Dudley A, Morey A, Tschumper B, Carroll PR. Inconclusive clinical and ultrasound evaluation of the scrotum: impact of magnetic resonance imaging on patient management and cost. Urology. 1998 Jun; 51(6):1018-21.
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      415. McCune JM, Loftus R, Schmidt DK, Carroll P, Webster D, Swor-Yim LB, Francis IR, Gross BH, Grant RM. High prevalence of thymic tissue in adults with human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection. J Clin Invest. 1998 Jun 1; 101(11):2301-8.
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      416. Grossfeld GD, Olumi AF, Connolly JA, Chew K, Gibney J, Bhargava V, Waldman FM, Carroll PR. Locally recurrent prostate tumors following either radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy have changes in Ki-67 labeling index, p53 and bcl-2 immunoreactivity. J Urol. 1998 May; 159(5):1437-43.
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      417. Dahiya R, Deng G, Selph C, Carroll P, Presti J. A novel p53 mutation hotspot at codon 132 (AAG-->AGG) in human renal cancer. Biochem Mol Biol Int. 1998 Feb; 44(2):407-15.
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      418. Sarosdy MF, Manyak MJ, Sagalowsky AI, Belldegrun A, Benson MC, Bihrle W, Carroll PR, Ellis WJ, Hudson MA, Sharkey FE. Oral bropirimine immunotherapy of bladder carcinoma in situ after prior intravesical bacille Calmette-Guérin. Urology. 1998 Feb; 51(2):226-31.
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      419. Grossfeld GD, Small EJ, Carroll PR. Intermittent androgen deprivation for clinically localized prostate cancer: initial experience. Urology. 1998 Jan; 51(1):137-44.
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      420. Aboseif SR, Borirakchanyavat S, Lue TF, Carroll PR. Continence mechanism of the ileal neobladder in women: a urodynamics study. World J Urol. 1998; 16(6):400-4.
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      421. Aboseif S, Shinohara K, Borirakchanyavat S, Deirmenjian J, Carroll PR. The effect of cryosurgical ablation of the prostate on erectile function. Br J Urol. 1997 Dec; 80(6):918-22.
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      422. Shinohara K, Rhee B, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Cryosurgical ablation of prostate cancer: patterns of cancer recurrence. J Urol. 1997 Dec; 158(6):2206-9; discussion 2209-10.
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      423. Connolly JA, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Cryosurgery for locally advanced (T3) prostate cancer. Semin Urol Oncol. 1997 Nov; 15(4):244-9.
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      424. Borirakchanyavat S, Aboseif SR, Carroll PR, Tanagho EA, Lue TF. Continence mechanism of the isolated female urethra: an anatomical study of the intrapelvic somatic nerves. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158(3 Pt 1):822-6.
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      425. Borirakchanyavat S, Bhargava V, Shinohara K, Toke A, Carroll PR, Presti JC. Systematic sextant biopsies in the prediction of extracapsular extension at radical prostatectomy. Urology. 1997 Sep; 50(3):373-8.
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      426. Connolly JA, Presti JC, Cher ML, Chew K, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Accelerated tumor proliferation rates in locally recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 1997 Aug; 158(2):515-8.
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      427. Dahiya R, McCarville J, Lee C, Hu W, Kaur G, Carroll P, Deng G. Deletion of chromosome 11p15, p12, q22, q23-24 loci in human prostate cancer. Int J Cancer. 1997 Jul 17; 72(2):283-8.
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      428. Lubeck DP, Litwin MS, Henning JM, Carroll PR. Measurement of health-related quality of life in men with prostate cancer: the CaPSURE database. Qual Life Res. 1997 Jul; 6(5):385-92.
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      429. Balázs M, Carroll P, Kerschmann R, Sauter G, Waldman FM. Frequent homozygous deletion of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2 (MTS1, p16) in superficial bladder cancer detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1997 Jun; 19(2):84-9.
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      430. Connolly JA, Shinohara K, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Prostate-specific antigen after cryosurgical ablation of the prostate. Defining the appropriate response. Urol Clin North Am. 1997 May; 24(2):415-20.
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      431. Bander NH, Carroll PR, Russo P. Summary of immunohistologic dissection of the human kidney using monoclonal antibodies (by Neil H. Bander, MD, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, MD, PhD, Connie L. Finstad, PhD, Willet F. Whitmore, Jr, MD, E. Darracott Vaughan, Jr, MD, Herbert F. Oettgen, MD, Myron Melamed, MD, and Lloyd J. Old, MD). 1985. Semin Urol Oncol. 1997 May; 15(2):123-9.
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      432. Gordon W, Siegmund K, Stanisic TH, McKnight B, Harris IT, Carroll PR, Paradelo JC, Meyers FJ, Chapman RA, Meyskens FL. A study of reproductive function in patients with seminoma treated with radiotherapy and orchidectomy: (SWOG-8711). Southwest Oncology Group. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1997 Apr 1; 38(1):83-94.
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      433. Narumi Y, Hricak H, Presti JC, Forstner R, Sica GT, Kuroda C, Sawai Y, Kotake T, Kinouchi T, Carroll PR. MR imaging evaluation of renal cell carcinoma. Abdom Imaging. 1997 Mar-Apr; 22(2):216-25.
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      434. Presti JC, Hovey R, Bhargava V, Carroll PR, Shinohara K. Prospective evaluation of prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen density in the detection of carcinoma of the prostate: ethnic variations. J Urol. 1997 Mar; 157(3):907-11; discussion 911-2.
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      435. Carroll PR, Presti JC, Small E, Roach M. Focal therapy for prostate cancer 1996: maximizing outcome. Urology. 1997 Mar; 49(3A Suppl):84-94.
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      436. Stoller ML, Gentle DL, McDonald MW, Reese JH, Tacker JR, Carroll PR, Best C. Endoscopic management of upper tract urothelial tumors. Tech Urol. 1997; 3(3):152-7.
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      437. Friedman GD, Carroll PR, Cattolica EV, Hiatt RA. Can hematuria be a predictor as well as a symptom or sign of bladder cancer? Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1996 Dec; 5(12):993-6.
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      438. Presti JC, Hricak H, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Prediction of focal extracapsular extension at radical prostatectomy: Relative merit of transrectal ultrasound, endorectal magnetic resonance imaging, prostate specific antigen, prostate specific antigen density, and systematic biopsy. Urol Oncol. 1996 Nov-Dec; 2(6):177-83.
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      439. Lubeck DP, Litwin MS, Henning JM, Stier DM, Mazonson P, Fisk R, Carroll PR. The CaPSURE database: a methodology for clinical practice and research in prostate cancer. CaPSURE Research Panel. Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor. Urology. 1996 Nov; 48(5):773-7.
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      440. Connolly JA, Shinohara K, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Should cryosurgery be considered a therapeutic option in localized prostate cancer? Urol Clin North Am. 1996 Nov; 23(4):623-31.
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      441. Presti JC, Hovey R, Carroll PR, Shinohara K. Prospective evaluation of prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen density in the detection of nonpalpable and stage T1C carcinoma of the prostate. J Urol. 1996 Nov; 156(5):1685-90.
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      442. Small EJ, Fippin LJ, Ernest ML, Carroll PR. A carboplatin-based regimen for the treatment of patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium. Cancer. 1996 Oct 15; 78(8):1775-80.
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      443. Parivar F, Hricak H, Shinohara K, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ, Carroll PR. Detection of locally recurrent prostate cancer after cryosurgery: evaluation by transrectal ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and three-dimensional proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Urology. 1996 Oct; 48(4):594-9.
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      444. Seltzer MA, Shinohara K, Bhargava V, Carroll PR, Presti JC. Comparison of systematic sextant and lesion directed biopsies in prostate cancer detection. Urol Oncol. 1996 Sep-Oct; 2(5):136-8.
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      445. Presti JC, Carroll PR. Use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and PSA density in the detection of stage T1 carcinoma of the prostate. Semin Urol Oncol. 1996 Aug; 14(3):134-8.
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      446. Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Hricak H, Parivar F, Nelson SJ, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Prostate cancer: metabolic response to cryosurgery as detected with 3D H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 1996 Aug; 200(2):489-96.
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      447. Sarosdy MF, Pisters LL, Carroll PR, Benson MC, Moon TD, Lamm DL, Hudson MA, Lerner SP, Koch MO, Schellhammer PF. Bropirimine immunotherapy of upper urinary tract carcinoma in situ. Urology. 1996 Jul; 48(1):28-32.
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      448. Cher ML, Bova GS, Moore DH, Small EJ, Carroll PR, Pin SS, Epstein JI, Isaacs WB, Jensen RH. Genetic alterations in untreated metastases and androgen-independent prostate cancer detected by comparative genomic hybridization and allelotyping. Cancer Res. 1996 Jul 1; 56(13):3091-102.
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      449. Shinohara K, Connolly JA, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Cryosurgical treatment of localized prostate cancer (stages T1 to T4): preliminary results. J Urol. 1996 Jul; 156(1):115-20; discussion 120-1.
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      450. Chen M, Hricak H, Kalbhen CL, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Weiss JM, Carroll PR. Hormonal ablation of prostatic cancer: effects on prostate morphology, tumor detection, and staging by endorectal coil MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 May; 166(5):1157-63.
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      451. Cher ML, Stephenson RA, James BC, Carroll PR. Cellular proliferative fraction of metastatic lymph nodes predicts survival in stage D1 (TxN+M0) prostate cancer. J Urol. 1996 May; 155(5):1674-7.
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      452. Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Hricak H, Narayan P, Carroll P, Nelson SJ. Three-dimensional H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging of the in situ human prostate with high (0.24-0.7-cm3) spatial resolution. Radiology. 1996 Mar; 198(3):795-805.
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      453. Kalbhen CL, Hricak H, Shinohara K, Chen M, Parivar F, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Carroll PR. Prostate carcinoma: MR imaging findings after cryosurgery. Radiology. 1996 Mar; 198(3):807-11.
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      454. Connolly JA, Shinohara K, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Local recurrence after radical prostatectomy: characteristics in size, location, and relationship to prostate-specific antigen and surgical margins. Urology. 1996 Feb; 47(2):225-31.
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      455. Presti JC, Hricak H, Narayan PA, Shinohara K, White S, Carroll PR. Local staging of prostatic carcinoma: comparison of transrectal sonography and endorectal MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Jan; 166(1):103-8.
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      456. Lue TF, Gleason CA, Brock GB, Carroll PR, Tanagho EA. Intraoperative electrostimulation of the cavernous nerve: technique, results and limitations. J Urol. 1995 Oct; 154(4):1426-8.
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      457. Aboseif S, Shinohara K, Weidner N, Narayan P, Carroll PR. The significance of prostatic intra-epithelial neoplasia. Br J Urol. 1995 Sep; 76(3):355-9.
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      458. Jaeger TM, Weidner N, Chew K, Moore DH, Kerschmann RL, Waldman FM, Carroll PR. Tumor angiogenesis correlates with lymph node metastases in invasive bladder cancer. J Urol. 1995 Jul; 154(1):69-71.
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      459. Wolf JS, Carroll PR, Stoller ML. Cost-effectiveness v patient preference in the choice of treatment for distal ureteral calculi: a literature-based decision analysis. J Endourol. 1995 Jun; 9(3):243-8.
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      460. Connolly JA, Presti JC, Carroll PR. Anterior bladder neck tube reconstruction at radical prostatectomy preserves functional urethral length--a comparative urodynamic study. Br J Urol. 1995 Jun; 75(6):766-70.
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      461. Cher ML, Shinohara K, Breslin S, Vapnek J, Carroll PR. High failure rate associated with long-term follow-up of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation followed by radical prostatectomy for stage C prostatic cancer. Br J Urol. 1995 Jun; 75(6):771-7.
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      462. White S, Hricak H, Forstner R, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Zaloudek CJ, Weiss JM, Narayan P, Carroll PR. Prostate cancer: effect of postbiopsy hemorrhage on interpretation of MR images. Radiology. 1995 May; 195(2):385-90.
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      463. Sauter G, Carroll P, Moch H, Kallioniemi A, Kerschmann R, Narayan P, Mihatsch MJ, Waldman FM. c-myc copy number gains in bladder cancer detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Am J Pathol. 1995 May; 146(5):1131-9.
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      464. Sauter G, Moch H, Carroll P, Kerschmann R, Mihatsch MJ, Waldman FM. Chromosome-9 loss detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization in bladder cancer. Int J Cancer. 1995 Apr 21; 64(2):99-103.
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      465. Peier AM, Meloni AM, Sandberg AA, Leong SP, Carroll PR. Cytogenetic findings in a metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1995 Apr; 80(2):168-9.
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      466. Marks LB, Carroll PR, Dugan TC, Anscher MS. The response of the urinary bladder, urethra, and ureter to radiation and chemotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1995 Mar 30; 31(5):1257-80.
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      467. Wolf JS, Cher M, Dall'era M, Presti JC, Hricak H, Carroll PR. The use and accuracy of cross-sectional imaging and fine needle aspiration cytology for detection of pelvic lymph node metastases before radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 1995 Mar; 153(3 Pt 2):993-9.
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      468. Cher ML, Carroll PR. Screening for prostate cancer. West J Med. 1995 Mar; 162(3):235-42.
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      469. Nguyen HT, Carroll PR. Blunt renal trauma: renal preservation through careful staging and selective surgery. Semin Urol. 1995 Feb; 13(1):83-9.
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      470. Cher ML, Chew K, Rosenau W, Carroll PR. Cellular proliferation in prostatic adenocarcinoma as assessed by bromodeoxyuridine uptake and Ki-67 and PCNA expression. Prostate. 1995 Feb; 26(2):87-93.
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      471. Cher ML, Ito T, Weidner N, Carroll PR, Jensen RH. Mapping of regions of physical deletion on chromosome 16q in prostate cancer cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). J Urol. 1995 Jan; 153(1):249-54.
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      472. Hricak H, White S, Vigneron D, Kurhanewicz J, Kosco A, Levin D, Weiss J, Narayan P, Carroll PR. Carcinoma of the prostate gland: MR imaging with pelvic phased-array coils versus integrated endorectal--pelvic phased-array coils. Radiology. 1994 Dec; 193(3):703-9.
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      473. Phan CN, Wilkinson M, Cohen MB, Dunn S, Carroll P. Primary osteogenic sarcoma of the urinary bladder successfully treated with combination therapy. Urology. 1994 Nov; 44(5):771-4.
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      474. Kim B, Semelka RC, Ascher SM, Chalpin DB, Carroll PR, Hricak H. Bladder tumor staging: comparison of contrast-enhanced CT, T1- and T2-weighted MR imaging, dynamic gadolinium-enhanced imaging, and late gadolinium-enhanced imaging. Radiology. 1994 Oct; 193(1):239-45.
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      475. Wolf JS, Brock GB, Gleason CA, Zvara P, Lue TF, Carroll PR. Laparoscopically implantable nerve-stimulating electrode (LINSE): application to the cavernous nerve in acute and chronic canine models. J Endourol. 1994 Oct; 8(5):375-8.
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      476. Chen BJ, Carroll P, Samson L. The Escherichia coli AlkB protein protects human cells against alkylation-induced toxicity. J Bacteriol. 1994 Oct; 176(20):6255-61.
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      477. Diaz A, Roach M, Marquez C, Coleman L, Pickett B, Wolfe JS, Carroll P, Narayan P. Indications for and the significance of seminal vesicle irradiation during 3D conformal radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1994 Sep 30; 30(2):323-9.
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      478. Shinohara K, Wolf JS, Narayan P, Carroll PR. Comparison of prostate specific antigen with prostate specific antigen density for 3 clinical applications. J Urol. 1994 Jul; 152(1):120-3.
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      479. Small EJ, Frye JW, Wilkinson MJ, Carroll PR, Ernest ML, Stagg RJ. A phase I/II study of alternating constant rate infusion floxuridine with constant rate infusion vinblastine for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Cancer. 1994 Jun 1; 73(11):2803-7.
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      480. Carroll PR. Laparoscopic urological surgery: differentiating what should be done from what can be done. J Urol. 1994 Jun; 151(6):1603-4.
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      481. Sauter G, Haley J, Chew K, Kerschmann R, Moore D, Carroll P, Moch H, Gudat F, Mihatsch MJ, Waldman F. Epidermal-growth-factor-receptor expression is associated with rapid tumor proliferation in bladder cancer. Int J Cancer. 1994 May 15; 57(4):508-14.
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      482. Carroll PR, McAninch JW, Wong A, Wolf JS, Newton C. Outcome after temporary vascular occlusion for the management of renal trauma. J Urol. 1994 May; 151(5):1171-3.
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      483. Narayan P, Lowe BA, Carroll PR, Thompson IM. Neoadjuvant hormonal therapy and radical prostatectomy for clinical stage C carcinoma of the prostate. Br J Urol. 1994 May; 73(5):544-8.
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      484. Sauter G, Deng G, Moch H, Kerschmann R, Matsumura K, De Vries S, George T, Fuentes J, Carroll P, Mihatsch MJ, et al. Physical deletion of the p53 gene in bladder cancer. Detection by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Am J Pathol. 1994 Apr; 144(4):756-66.
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      485. Carroll PR. Watchful waiting for localized prostate cancer. West J Med. 1994 Mar; 160(3):249.
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      486. Small EJ, Carroll PR. Prostate-specific antigen decline after casodex withdrawal: evidence for an antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome. Urology. 1994 Mar; 43(3):408-10.
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      487. Cher ML, Carroll PR. Screening for prostate cancer. West J Med. 1994 Mar; 160(3):250.
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      488. Wolf JS, Aronson FR, Small EJ, Carroll PR. Nephrectomy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a component of systemic treatment regimens. J Surg Oncol. 1994 Jan; 55(1):7-13.
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      489. Vapnek JM, Hricak H, Shinohara K, Popovich M, Carroll P. Staging accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging versus transrectal ultrasound in stages A and B prostatic cancer. Urol Int. 1994; 53(4):191-5.
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      490. Roach M, Marquez C, Yuo HS, Narayan P, Coleman L, Nseyo UO, Navvab Z, Carroll PR. Predicting the risk of lymph node involvement using the pre-treatment prostate specific antigen and Gleason score in men with clinically localized prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1994 Jan 1; 28(1):33-7.
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      491. Gómez RG, McAninch JW, Carroll PR. Adrenal gland trauma: diagnosis and management. J Trauma. 1993 Dec; 35(6):870-4.
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      492. Wolf JS, Shinohara K, Kerlikowske KM, Narayan P, Stoller ML, Carroll PR. Selection of patients for laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy prior to radical prostatectomy: a decision analysis. Urology. 1993 Dec; 42(6):680-8.
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      493. Stoller ML, Irby PB, Osman M, Carroll PR. Laparoscopic marsupialization of a simple renal cyst. J Urol. 1993 Nov; 150(5 Pt 1):1486-8.
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      494. Ingerman A, Broderick G, Williams RD, Carroll PR. Negative repeat transurethral resection of prostate fails to identify patients with stage A1 prostatic carcinoma at lower risk of progression: a long-term study. Urology. 1993 Nov; 42(5):528-32.
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      495. Carroll P, Sendtner M, Meyer M, Thoenen H. Rat ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF): gene structure and regulation of mRNA levels in glial cell cultures. Glia. 1993 Nov; 9(3):176-87.
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      496. Abu-Elmagd K, Van Thiel DH, Jegasothy BV, Jacobs JC, Carroll P, Rodriquez-Rilo H, Ackerman CD, Fung JJ, Starzl TE. Resolution of severe pyoderma gangrenosum in a patient with streaking leukocyte factor disease after treatment with tacrolimus (FK 506). Ann Intern Med. 1993 Oct 1; 119(7 Pt 1):595-8.
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      497. Odocha O, McCauley J, Scantlebury V, Shapiro R, Carroll P, Jordan M, Vivas C, Fung JJ, Starzl TE. Posttransplant diabetes mellitus in African Americans after renal transplantation under FK 506 immunosuppression. Transplant Proc. 1993 Aug; 25(4):2433-4.
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      498. Weidner N, Carroll PR, Flax J, Blumenfeld W, Folkman J. Tumor angiogenesis correlates with metastasis in invasive prostate carcinoma. Am J Pathol. 1993 Aug; 143(2):401-9.
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      499. Wolf JS, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Narayan P. Combined role of transrectal ultrasonography, Gleason score, and prostate-specific antigen in predicting organ-confined prostate cancer. Urology. 1993 Aug; 42(2):131-7.
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      500. McAninch JW, Carroll PR, Armenakas NA, Lee P. Renal gunshot wounds: methods of salvage and reconstruction. J Trauma. 1993 Aug; 35(2):279-83; discussion 283-4.
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      501. Odocha O, McCauley J, Scantlebury V, Shapiro R, Carroll P, Jordan M, Vivas C, Fung JJ, Starzl TE. Serum cholesterol levels in African Americans after renal transplantation under FK 506 immunosuppression. Transplant Proc. 1993 Aug; 25(4):2435.
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      502. Cohen MB, Waldman FM, Carroll PR, Kerschmann R, Chew K, Mayall BH. Comparison of five histopathologic methods to assess cellular proliferation in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Hum Pathol. 1993 Jul; 24(7):772-8.
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      503. Wilkinson MJ, Frye JW, Small EJ, Venook AP, Carroll PR, Ernest ML, Stagg RJ. A phase II study of constant-infusion floxuridine for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Cancer. 1993 Jun 1; 71(11):3601-4.
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      504. Sauter G, Moch H, Moore D, Carroll P, Kerschmann R, Chew K, Mihatsch MJ, Gudat F, Waldman F. Heterogeneity of erbB-2 gene amplification in bladder cancer. Cancer Res. 1993 May 15; 53(10 Suppl):2199-203.
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      505. Foster LS, Jajodia P, Fournier G, Shinohara K, Carroll P, Narayan P. The value of prostate specific antigen and transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy in detecting prostatic fossa recurrences following radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 1993 May; 149(5):1024-8.
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      506. Presti JC, Herr HW, Carroll PR. Fertility and testis cancer. Urol Clin North Am. 1993 Feb; 20(1):173-9.
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      507. Carroll PR, Waldman FM, Rosenau W, Cohen MB, Vapnek JM, Fong P, Narayan P, Mayall BH. Cell proliferation in prostatic adenocarcinoma: in vitro measurement by 5-bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression. J Urol. 1993 Feb; 149(2):403-7.
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      508. Waldman FM, Carroll PR, Cohen MB, Kerschmann R, Chew K, Mayall BH. 5-Bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and PCNA expression as measures of cell proliferation in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Mod Pathol. 1993 Jan; 6(1):20-4.
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      509. Gasparini ME, Hinman F, Presti JC, Schmidt RA, Carroll PR. Continence after radical cystoprostatectomy and total bladder replacement: a urodynamic analysis. J Urol. 1992 Dec; 148(6):1861-4.
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      510. Hricak H, Carroll P. Determination of prostate volume with transrectal ultrasound for cancer screening. Part I. Comparison with prostate specific antigen assays. Invest Radiol. 1992 Sep; 27(9):751-3.
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      511. Carroll PR, Presti JC. Comparison of plicated and stapled continent ileocecal stoma. Urology. 1992 Aug; 40(2):107-9.
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      512. Vapnek JM, Hricak H, Carroll PR. Recent advances in imaging studies for staging of penile and urethral carcinoma. Urol Clin North Am. 1992 May; 19(2):257-66.
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      513. Carroll PR, Dixon CM. Surgical anatomy of the male and female urethra. Urol Clin North Am. 1992 May; 19(2):339-46.
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      514. Carroll PR, Sugimura K, Cohen MB, Hricak H. Detection and staging of prostatic carcinoma after transurethral resection or open enucleation of the prostate: accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging. J Urol. 1992 Feb; 147(2):402-6.
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      515. Myneni L, Hricak H, Carroll PR. Magnetic resonance imaging of renal carcinoma with extension into the vena cava: staging accuracy and recent advances. Br J Urol. 1991 Dec; 68(6):571-8.
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      516. Wolf JS, Carroll PR. Bilateral renal oncocytomas: management and nuclear analysis. J Surg Oncol. 1991 Dec; 48(4):272-6.
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      517. Gasparini M, Carroll P, Stoller M. Palliative percutaneous and endoscopic urinary diversion for malignant ureteral obstruction. Urology. 1991 Nov; 38(5):408-12.
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      518. Presti JC, Carroll PR. Bilateral spontaneous renal hemorrhage due to polyarteritis nodosa. West J Med. 1991 Nov; 155(5):527-8.
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      519. Vapnek JM, Quivey JM, Carroll PR. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Kaposi's sarcoma of the male genitalia: management with radiation therapy. J Urol. 1991 Aug; 146(2):333-6.
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      520. Waldman FM, Carroll PR, Kerschmann R, Cohen MB, Field FG, Mayall BH. Centromeric copy number of chromosome 7 is strongly correlated with tumor grade and labeling index in human bladder cancer. Cancer Res. 1991 Jul 15; 51(14):3807-13.
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      521. McAninch JW, Carroll PR, Klosterman PW, Dixon CM, Greenblatt MN. Renal reconstruction after injury. J Urol. 1991 May; 145(5):932-7.
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      522. Semelka RC, Hricak H, Stevens SK, Finegold R, Tomei E, Carroll PR. Combined gadolinium-enhanced and fat-saturation MR imaging of renal masses. Radiology. 1991 Mar; 178(3):803-9.
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      523. Carroll PR, McAninch JW. Use of the ileocecal segment for bladder substitution or continent urinary diversion. Urol Int. 1991; 46(3):283-9.
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      524. McAninch JW, Dixon CM, Carroll PR. [The surgical treatment of renal trauma]. Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1990 Nov; 145(11):64-72.
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      525. Wilkinson M, Carroll PR. Testicular carcinoma in patients positive and at risk for human immunodeficiency virus. J Urol. 1990 Nov; 144(5):1157-9.
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      526. Baskin LS, Dixon C, Stoller ML, Carroll PR. Pyoderma gangrenosum presenting as Fournier's gangrene. J Urol. 1990 Oct; 144(4):984-6.
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      527. Baskin LS, Carroll PR, Cattolica EV, McAninch JW. Necrotising soft tissue infections of the perineum and genitalia. Bacteriology, treatment and risk assessment. Br J Urol. 1990 May; 65(5):524-9.
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      528. Presti JC, Schmidt RA, Narayan PA, Carroll PR, Tanagho EA. Pathophysiology of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 1990 May; 143(5):975-8.
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      529. Carroll PR, McAninch JW, Klosterman P, Greenblatt M. Renovascular trauma: risk assessment, surgical management, and outcome. J Trauma. 1990 May; 30(5):547-52; discussion 553-4.
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      530. Carroll PR, Presti JC, McAninch JW, Tanagho EA. Functional characteristics of the continent ileocecal urinary reservoir: mechanisms of urinary continence. J Urol. 1989 Oct; 142(4):1032-6.
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      531. McAninch JW, Carroll PR. Renal exploration after trauma. Indications and reconstructive techniques. Urol Clin North Am. 1989 May; 16(2):203-12.
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      532. Mee SL, McAninch JW, Robinson AL, Auerbach PS, Carroll PR. Radiographic assessment of renal trauma: a 10-year prospective study of patient selection. J Urol. 1989 May; 141(5):1095-8.
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      533. Carroll PR, McAninch JW. Staging of renal trauma. Urol Clin North Am. 1989 May; 16(2):193-201.
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      534. Carroll PR, Klosterman P, McAninch JW. Early vascular control for renal trauma: a critical review. J Urol. 1989 Apr; 141(4):826-9.
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      535. Baskin L, Mee S, Matthay M, Carroll PR. Ureteral obstruction caused by vasculitis. J Urol. 1989 Apr; 141(4):933-5.
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      536. Presti JC, Carroll PR, McAninch JW. Ureteral and renal pelvic injuries from external trauma: diagnosis and management. J Trauma. 1989 Mar; 29(3):370-4.
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      537. Lue TF, Carroll PR, Moore C. Treatment of impotence in cancer patients. Important Adv Oncol. 1989; 193-203.
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      538. Carroll PR, Narayan P. Treatment options for hormone-insensitive or independent prostatic carcinoma. Semin Urol. 1988 Nov; 6(4):322-35.
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      539. Carroll PR, Klosterman PW, McAninch JW. Surgical management of renal trauma: analysis of risk factors, technique, and outcome. J Trauma. 1988 Jul; 28(7):1071-7.
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      540. Thurnher S, Hricak H, Carroll PR, Pobiel RS, Filly RA. Imaging the testis: comparison between MR imaging and US. Radiology. 1988 Jun; 167(3):631-6.
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      541. Rebeck GW, Coons S, Carroll P, Samson L. A second DNA methyltransferase repair enzyme in Escherichia coli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 May; 85(9):3039-43.
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      542. Bernstein SA, Reuter VE, Carroll PR, Whitmore WF. Primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of urinary bladder. Urology. 1988 May; 31(5):432-6.
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      543. Hricak H, Thoeni RF, Carroll PR, Demas BE, Marotti M, Tanagho EA. Detection and staging of renal neoplasms: a reassessment of MR imaging. Radiology. 1988 Mar; 166(3):643-9.
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      544. Carroll PR, Morse MJ, Koduru PP, Chaganti RS. Testicular germ cell tumor in patient with Klinefelter syndrome. Urology. 1988 Jan; 31(1):72-4.
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      545. Carroll PR, Whitmore WF, Richardson M, Bajorunas D, Herr HW, Williams RD, Fair WR, Chaganti RS. Testicular failure in patients with extragonadal germ cell tumors. Cancer. 1987 Jul 1; 60(1):108-13.
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      546. Carroll PR, Morse MJ, Whitmore WF, Sogani PC, Klotz L, Herr HW, Fair WR, Feldshuh R, Chaganti RS. Fertility status of patients with clinical stage I testis tumors on a surveillance protocol. J Urol. 1987 Jul; 138(1):70-2.
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      547. Carroll PR, Murty VV, Reuter V, Jhanwar S, Fair WR, Whitmore WF, Chaganti RS. Abnormalities at chromosome region 3p12-14 characterize clear cell renal carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1987 Jun; 26(2):253-9.
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      548. Carroll PR, Whitmore WF, Herr HW, Morse MJ, Sogani PC, Bajorunas D, Fair WR, Chaganti RS. Endocrine and exocrine profiles of men with testicular tumors before orchiectomy. J Urol. 1987 Mar; 137(3):420-3.
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      549. Carroll PR, Cattolica EV, Turzan CW, McAninch JW. Necrotizing soft-tissue infections of the perineum and genitalia. Etiology and early reconstruction. West J Med. 1986 Feb; 144(2):174-8.
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      550. Bretan PN, Carroll PR, McClure RD, Williams RD. Improved continuous flow transurethral prostatectomy. J Urol. 1985 Jul; 134(1):77-80.
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      551. Carroll PR, McAninch JW. Operative indications in penetrating renal trauma. J Trauma. 1985 Jul; 25(7):587-93.
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      552. Carroll PR, Leitner TC, Yen TS, Watson RA, Williams RD. Incidental carcinoma of the prostate: significance of staging transurethral resection. J Urol. 1985 May; 133(5):811-4.
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      553. Nicolaisen GS, McAninch JW, Marshall GA, Bluth RF, Carroll PR. Renal trauma: re-evaluation of the indications for radiographic assessment. J Urol. 1985 Feb; 133(2):183-7.
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      554. Carroll PR, Lue TF, Schmidt RA, Trengrove-Jones G, McAninch JW. Penile replantation: current concepts. J Urol. 1985 Feb; 133(2):281-5.
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      555. Carroll PR, Williams RD, Kim MJ, Dombrovskis S. Mitomycin C reused: an in vitro cost-effectiveness study. J Urol. 1984 Sep; 132(3):583-6.
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      556. Carroll PR, McAninch JW. Major bladder trauma: mechanisms of injury and a unified method of diagnosis and repair. J Urol. 1984 Aug; 132(2):254-7.
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      557. Carroll PR, McAninch JW. Major bladder trauma: the accuracy of cystography. J Urol. 1983 Nov; 130(5):887-8.
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      558. Carroll PR, Pellegrini C, Hedgcock MW, Stein R, Williams RD. Microscopic hematuria, left renal mass with renal vein obstruction and elevated serum level of carcinoembryonic antigen in a 56-year-old man. J Urol. 1983 Mar; 129(3):568-73.
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      559. McAninch JW, Carroll PR. Renal trauma: kidney preservation through improved vascular control-a refined approach. J Trauma. 1982 Apr; 22(4):285-90.
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      560. Willis AJ, Huang AH, Carroll P. Primary melanoma of the bladder: a case report and review. J Urol. 1980 Feb; 123(2):278-81.
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      561. BAKER R, CARROLL P, HAYES D. SIGMOID SEGMENT FOR BLADDER SUBSTITUTE AFTER TOTAL OR SUBTOTAL CYSTECTOMY. J Urol. 1963 Sep; 90:289-95.
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