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    Steve Cummings, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentMedicine
    Address185 Berry Street
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-514-8160

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       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Johansson H, Kanis JA, Odén A, McCloskey E, Chapurlat RD, Christiansen C, Cummings SR, Diez-Perez A, Eisman JA, Fujiwara S, Glüer CC, Goltzman D, Hans D, Khaw KT, Krieg MA, Kröger H, Lacroix AZ, Lau E, Leslie WD, Mellström D, Melton LJ, O'Neill TW, Pasco JA, Prior JC, Reid DM, Rivadeneira F, van Staa T, Yoshimura N, Zillikens MC. A meta-analysis of the association of fracture risk and body mass index in women. J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Jan; 29(1):223-33.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Endeshaw Y, Rice TB, Schwartz AV, Stone KL, Manini TM, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Harris T, Pahor M. Snoring, daytime sleepiness, and incident cardiovascular disease in the health, aging, and body composition study. Sleep. 2013; 36(11):1737-45.
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      3. Tranah GJ, Yokoyama JS, Katzman SM, Nalls MA, Newman AB, Harris TB, Cesari M, Manini TM, Schork NJ, Cummings SR, Liu Y, Yaffe K. Mitochondrial DNA sequence associations with dementia and amyloid-ß in elderly African Americans. Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Feb; 35(2):442.e1-8.
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      4. Lewerin C, Nilsson-Ehle H, Jacobsson S, Johansson H, Sundh V, Karlsson MK, Ljunggren O, Lorentzon M, Kanis JA, Lerner UH, Cummings SR, Ohlsson C, Mellström D. Low holotranscobalamin and cobalamins predict incident fractures in elderly men: the MrOS Sweden. Osteoporos Int. 2014 Jan; 25(1):131-40.
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      5. Yau RK, Strotmeyer ES, Resnick HE, Sellmeyer DE, Feingold KR, Cauley JA, Vittinghoff E, De Rekeneire N, Harris TB, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Shorr RI, Schwartz AV. Diabetes and risk of hospitalized fall injury among older adults. Diabetes Care. 2013 Dec; 36(12):3985-91.
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      6. Goto A, Chen BH, Song Y, Cauley J, Cummings SR, Farhat GN, Gunter M, Van Horn L, Howard BV, Jackson R, Lee J, Rexrode KM, Liu S. Age, body mass, usage of exogenous estrogen, and lifestyle factors in relation to circulating sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations in postmenopausal women. Clin Chem. 2014 Jan; 60(1):174-85.
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      7. Farhat GN, Parimi N, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Anderson G, Huang AJ, Vittinghoff E, Lee JS, Lacroix AZ, Cauley JA, Jackson R, Grady D, Lane DS, Phillips L, Simon MS, Cummings SR. Sex hormone levels and risk of breast cancer with estrogen plus progestin. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Oct 2; 105(19):1496-503.
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      8. Bucur RC, Reid LS, Hamilton CJ, Cummings SR, Jamal SA. Nitrates and bone turnover (NABT) - trial to select the best nitrate preparation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2013; 14(1):284.
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      9. Thorson S, Prasad T, Sheu Y, Danielson ME, Arasu A, Cummings SR, Cauley JA. Sclerostin and bone strength in women in their 10th decade of life. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Sep; 28(9):2008-16.
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      10. Bone HG, Chapurlat R, Brandi ML, Brown JP, Czerwinski E, Krieg MA, Mellström D, Radominski SC, Reginster JY, Resch H, Ivorra JA, Roux C, Vittinghoff E, Daizadeh NS, Wang A, Bradley MN, Franchimont N, Geller ML, Wagman RB, Cummings SR, Papapoulos S. The Effect of Three or Six Years of Denosumab Exposure in Women With Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: Results From the FREEDOM Extension. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Nov; 98(11):4483-92.
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      11. Manolagas SC, Cummings SR. Skeletal aging: from bench to bed side. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013 Oct; 68(10):1195-6.
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      12. Kanis JA, Adachi JD, Cooper C, Clark P, Cummings SR, Diaz-Curiel M, Harvey N, Hiligsmann M, Papaioannou A, Pierroz DD, Silverman SL, Szulc P. Standardising the descriptive epidemiology of osteoporosis: recommendations from the Epidemiology and Quality of Life Working Group of IOF. Osteoporos Int. 2013 Nov; 24(11):2763-4.
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      13. Mandyam MC, Soliman EZ, Alonso A, Dewland TA, Heckbert SR, Vittinghoff E, Cummings SR, Ellinor PT, Chaitman BR, Stocke K, Applegate WB, Arking DE, Butler J, Loehr LR, Magnani JW, Murphy RA, Satterfield S, Newman AB, Marcus GM. The QT interval and risk of incident atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm. 2013 Oct; 10(10):1562-8.
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      14. Schwartz AV, Schafer AL, Grey A, Vittinghoff E, Palermo L, Lui LY, Wallace RB, Cummings SR, Black DM, Bauer DC, Reid IR. Effects of antiresorptive therapies on glucose metabolism: results from the FIT, HORIZON-PFT, and FREEDOM trials. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jun; 28(6):1348-54.
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      15. Ensrud KE, Parimi N, Cauley JA, Ishani A, Slinin Y, Hillier TA, Taylor BC, Steffes M, Cummings SR. Cystatin C and risk of hip fractures in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jun; 28(6):1275-82.
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      16. Schwartz AV, Ewing SK, Porzig AM, McCulloch CE, Resnick HE, Hillier TA, Ensrud KE, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Sellmeyer DE. Diabetes and change in bone mineral density at the hip, calcaneus, spine, and radius in older women. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2013; 4:62.
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      17. Murphy RA, Register TC, Shively CA, Carr JJ, Ge Y, Heilbrun ME, Cummings SR, Koster A, Nevitt MC, Satterfield S, Tylvasky FA, Strotmeyer ES, Newman AB, Simonsick EM, Scherzinger A, Goodpaster BH, Launer LJ, Eiriksdottir G, Sigurdsson S, Sigurdsson G, Gudnason V, Lang TF, Kritchevsky SB, Harris TB. Adipose tissue density, a novel biomarker predicting mortality risk in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Jan; 69(1):109-17.
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      18. Cuzick J, Sestak I, Bonanni B, Costantino JP, Cummings S, DeCensi A, Dowsett M, Forbes JF, Ford L, LaCroix AZ, Mershon J, Mitlak BH, Powles T, Veronesi U, Vogel V, Wickerham DL. Selective oestrogen receptor modulators in prevention of breast cancer: an updated meta-analysis of individual participant data. Lancet. 2013 May 25; 381(9880):1827-34.
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      19. Rowbotham MC, Astin J, Greene K, Cummings SR. Interactive informed consent: randomized comparison with paper consents. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e58603.
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      20. Cummings SR, Cosman F, Eastell R, Reid IR, Mehta M, Lewiecki EM. Goal-directed treatment of osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Mar; 28(3):433-8.
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      21. Evans DS, Parimi N, Nievergelt CM, Blackwell T, Redline S, Ancoli-Israel S, Orwoll ES, Cummings SR, Stone KL, Tranah GJ. Common genetic variants in ARNTL and NPAS2 and at chromosome 12p13 are associated with objectively measured sleep traits in the elderly. Sleep. 2013 Mar; 36(3):431-46.
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      22. Lewiecki EM, Cummings SR, Cosman F. Treat-to-target for osteoporosis: is now the time? J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Mar; 98(3):946-53.
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      23. Kado DM, Huang MH, Karlamangla AS, Cawthon P, Katzman W, Hillier TA, Ensrud K, Cummings SR. Factors associated with kyphosis progression in older women: 15 years' experience in the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jan; 28(1):179-87.
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      24. Premaor M, Parker RA, Cummings S, Ensrud K, Cauley JA, Lui LY, Hillier T, Compston J. Predictive value of FRAX for fracture in obese older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jan; 28(1):188-95.
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      25. Dominguez JR, Kestenbaum B, Chonchol M, Block G, Laughlin GA, Lewis CE, Katz R, Barrett-Connor E, Cummings S, Orwoll ES, Ix JH. Relationships between serum and urine phosphorus with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Apr; 61(4):555-63.
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      26. Adami S, Libanati C, Boonen S, Cummings SR, Ho PR, Wang A, Siris E, Lane J. Denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis does not interfere with fracture-healing: results from the FREEDOM trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Dec 5; 94(23):2113-9.
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      27. Deo R, Nalls MA, Avery CL, Smith JG, Evans DS, Keller MF, Butler AM, Buxbaum SG, Li G, Miguel Quibrera P, Smith EN, Tanaka T, Akylbekova EL, Alonso A, Arking DE, Benjamin EJ, Berenson GS, Bis JC, Chen LY, Chen W, Cummings SR, Ellinor PT, Evans MK, Ferrucci L, Fox ER, Heckbert SR, Heiss G, Hsueh WC, Kerr KF, Limacher MC, Liu Y, Lubitz SA, Magnani JW, Mehra R, Marcus GM, Murray SS, Newman AB, Njajou O, North KE, Paltoo DN, Psaty BM, Redline SS, Reiner AP, Robinson JG, Rotter JI, Samdarshi TE, Schnabel RB, Schork NJ, Singleton AB, Siscovick D, Soliman EZ, Sotoodehnia N, Srinivasan SR, Taylor HA, Trevisan M, Zhang Z, Zonderman AB, Newton-Cheh C, Whitsel EA. Common genetic variation near the connexin-43 gene is associated with resting heart rate in African Americans: a genome-wide association study of 13,372 participants. Heart Rhythm. 2013 Mar; 10(3):401-8.
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      28. Coen PM, Jubrias SA, Distefano G, Amati F, Mackey DC, Glynn NW, Manini TM, Wohlgemuth SE, Leeuwenburgh C, Cummings SR, Newman AB, Ferrucci L, Toledo FG, Shankland E, Conley KE, Goodpaster BH. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial energetics are associated with maximal aerobic capacity and walking speed in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013 Apr; 68(4):447-55.
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      29. Cawthon PM, Ewing SK, Mackey DC, Fink HA, Cummings SR, Ensrud KE, Stefanick ML, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Orwoll ES. Change in hip bone mineral density and risk of subsequent fractures in older men. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Oct; 27(10):2179-88.
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      30. Donaldson MG, Palermo L, Ensrud KE, Hochberg MC, Schousboe JT, Cummings SR. Effect of alendronate for reducing fracture by FRAX score and femoral neck bone mineral density: the Fracture Intervention Trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Aug; 27(8):1804-10.
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      31. Diez-Perez A, Adachi JD, Agnusdei D, Bilezikian JP, Compston JE, Cummings SR, Eastell R, Eriksen EF, Gonzalez-Macias J, Liberman UA, Wahl DA, Seeman E, Kanis JA, Cooper C. Treatment failure in osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2012 Dec; 23(12):2769-74.
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      32. Qi Q, Menzaghi C, Smith S, Liang L, de Rekeneire N, Garcia ME, Lohman KK, Miljkovic I, Strotmeyer ES, Cummings SR, Kanaya AM, Tylavsky FA, Satterfield S, Ding J, Rimm EB, Trischitta V, Hu FB, Liu Y, Qi L. Genome-wide association analysis identifies TYW3/CRYZ and NDST4 loci associated with circulating resistin levels. Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Nov 1; 21(21):4774-80.
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      33. Coviello AD, Haring R, Wellons M, Vaidya D, Lehtimäki T, Keildson S, Lunetta KL, He C, Fornage M, Lagou V, Mangino M, Onland-Moret NC, Chen B, Eriksson J, Garcia M, Liu YM, Koster A, Lohman K, Lyytikäinen LP, Petersen AK, Prescott J, Stolk L, Vandenput L, Wood AR, Zhuang WV, Ruokonen A, Hartikainen AL, Pouta A, Bandinelli S, Biffar R, Brabant G, Cox DG, Chen Y, Cummings S, Ferrucci L, Gunter MJ, Hankinson SE, Martikainen H, Hofman A, Homuth G, Illig T, Jansson JO, Johnson AD, Karasik D, Karlsson M, Kettunen J, Kiel DP, Kraft P, Liu J, Ljunggren Ö, Lorentzon M, Maggio M, Markus MR, Mellström D, Miljkovic I, Mirel D, Nelson S, Morin Papunen L, Peeters PH, Prokopenko I, Raffel L, Reincke M, Reiner AP, Rexrode K, Rivadeneira F, Schwartz SM, Siscovick D, Soranzo N, Stöckl D, Tworoger S, Uitterlinden AG, van Gils CH, Vasan RS, Wichmann HE, Zhai G, Bhasin S, Bidlingmaier M, Chanock SJ, De Vivo I, Harris TB, Hunter DJ, Kähönen M, Liu S, Ouyang P, Spector TD, van der Schouw YT, Viikari J, Wallaschofski H, McCarthy MI, Frayling TM, Murray A, Franks S, Järvelin MR, de Jong FH, Raitakari O, Teumer A, Ohlsson C, Murabito JM, Perry JR. A genome-wide association meta-analysis of circulating sex hormone-binding globulin reveals multiple Loci implicated in sex steroid hormone regulation. PLoS Genet. 2012; 8(7):e1002805.
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      34. Saag KG, Mohr PE, Esmail L, Mudano AS, Wright N, Beukelman T, Curtis JR, Cutter G, Delzell E, Gary LC, Harrington TM, Karkare S, Kilgore ML, Lewis CE, Moloney R, Oliveira A, Singh JA, Warriner A, Zhang J, Berger M, Cummings SR, Pace W, Solomon DH, Wallace R, Tunis SR. Improving the efficiency and effectiveness of pragmatic clinical trials in older adults in the United States. Contemp Clin Trials. 2012 Nov; 33(6):1211-6.
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      35. Tranah GJ, Lam ET, Katzman SM, Nalls MA, Zhao Y, Evans DS, Yokoyama JS, Pawlikowska L, Kwok PY, Mooney S, Kritchevsky S, Goodpaster BH, Newman AB, Harris TB, Manini TM, Cummings SR. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation is associated with free-living activity energy expenditure in the elderly. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Sep; 1817(9):1691-700.
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      36. Swindell WR, Cummings SR, Sanders JL, Caserotti P, Rosano C, Satterfield S, Strotmeyer ES, Harris TB, Simonsick EM, Cawthon PM. Data mining identifies Digit Symbol Substitution Test score and serum cystatin C as dominant predictors of mortality in older men and women. Rejuvenation Res. 2012 Aug; 15(4):405-13.
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      37. Black DM, Bauer DC, Schwartz AV, Cummings SR, Rosen CJ. Continuing bisphosphonate treatment for osteoporosis--for whom and for how long? N Engl J Med. 2012 May 31; 366(22):2051-3.
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      38. Barbour KE, Houston DK, Cummings SR, Boudreau R, Prasad T, Sheu Y, Bauer DC, Tooze JA, Kritchevsky SB, Tylavsky FA, Harris TB, Cauley JA. Calciotropic hormones and the risk of hip and nonspine fractures in older adults: the Health ABC Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 May; 27(5):1177-85.
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      39. Estrada K, Styrkarsdottir U, Evangelou E, Hsu YH, Duncan EL, Ntzani EE, Oei L, Albagha OM, Amin N, Kemp JP, Koller DL, Li G, Liu CT, Minster RL, Moayyeri A, Vandenput L, Willner D, Xiao SM, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Zheng HF, Alonso N, Eriksson J, Kammerer CM, Kaptoge SK, Leo PJ, Thorleifsson G, Wilson SG, Wilson JF, Aalto V, Alen M, Aragaki AK, Aspelund T, Center JR, Dailiana Z, Duggan DJ, Garcia M, Garcia-Giralt N, Giroux S, Hallmans G, Hocking LJ, Husted LB, Jameson KA, Khusainova R, Kim GS, Kooperberg C, Koromila T, Kruk M, Laaksonen M, Lacroix AZ, Lee SH, Leung PC, Lewis JR, Masi L, Mencej-Bedrac S, Nguyen TV, Nogues X, Patel MS, Prezelj J, Rose LM, Scollen S, Siggeirsdottir K, Smith AV, Svensson O, Trompet S, Trummer O, van Schoor NM, Woo J, Zhu K, Balcells S, Brandi ML, Buckley BM, Cheng S, Christiansen C, Cooper C, Dedoussis G, Ford I, Frost M, Goltzman D, González-Macías J, Kähönen M, Karlsson M, Khusnutdinova E, Koh JM, Kollia P, Langdahl BL, Leslie WD, Lips P, Ljunggren Ö, Lorenc RS, Marc J, Mellström D, Obermayer-Pietsch B, Olmos JM, Pettersson-Kymmer U, Reid DM, Riancho JA, Ridker PM, Rousseau F, Slagboom PE, Tang NL, Urreizti R, Van Hul W, Viikari J, Zarrabeitia MT, Aulchenko YS, Castano-Betancourt M, Grundberg E, Herrera L, Ingvarsson T, Johannsdottir H, Kwan T, Li R, Luben R, Medina-Gómez C, Palsson ST, Reppe S, Rotter JI, Sigurdsson G, van Meurs JB, Verlaan D, Williams FM, Wood AR, Zhou Y, Gautvik KM, Pastinen T, Raychaudhuri S, Cauley JA, Chasman DI, Clark GR, Cummings SR, Danoy P, Dennison EM, Eastell R, Eisman JA, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Jackson RD, Jones G, Jukema JW, Khaw KT, Lehtimäki T, Liu Y, Lorentzon M, McCloskey E, Mitchell BD, Nandakumar K, Nicholson GC, Oostra BA, Peacock M, Pols HA, Prince RL, Raitakari O, Reid IR, Robbins J, Sambrook PN, Sham PC, Shuldiner AR, Tylavsky FA, van Duijn CM, Wareham NJ, Cupples LA, Econs MJ, Evans DM, Harris TB, Kung AW, Psaty BM, Reeve J, Spector TD, Streeten EA, Zillikens MC, Thorsteinsdottir U, Ohlsson C, Karasik D, Richards JB, Brown MA, Stefansson K, Uitterlinden AG, Ralston SH, Ioannidis JP, Kiel DP, Rivadeneira F. Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 56 bone mineral density loci and reveals 14 loci associated with risk of fracture. Nat Genet. 2012 May; 44(5):491-501.
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      40. Powles TJ, Diem SJ, Fabian CJ, Neven P, Wickerham DL, Cox DA, Muram D, Agnusdei D, Dowsett SA, Amewou-Atisso M, Cummings SR. Breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or low bone mass using arzoxifene. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 Jul; 134(1):299-306.
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      41. Wang X, Sanyal A, Cawthon PM, Palermo L, Jekir M, Christensen J, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR, Orwoll E, Black DM. Prediction of new clinical vertebral fractures in elderly men using finite element analysis of CT scans. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Apr; 27(4):808-16.
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      42. Arasu A, Cawthon PM, Lui LY, Do TP, Arora PS, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR. Serum sclerostin and risk of hip fracture in older Caucasian women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jun; 97(6):2027-32.
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      43. Papapoulos S, Chapurlat R, Libanati C, Brandi ML, Brown JP, Czerwinski E, Krieg MA, Man Z, Mellström D, Radominski SC, Reginster JY, Resch H, Román Ivorra JA, Roux C, Vittinghoff E, Austin M, Daizadeh N, Bradley MN, Grauer A, Cummings SR, Bone HG. Five years of denosumab exposure in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis: results from the first two years of the FREEDOM extension. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Mar; 27(3):694-701.
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      44. Austin M, Yang YC, Vittinghoff E, Adami S, Boonen S, Bauer DC, Bianchi G, Bolognese MA, Christiansen C, Eastell R, Grauer A, Hawkins F, Kendler DL, Oliveri B, McClung MR, Reid IR, Siris ES, Zanchetta J, Zerbini CA, Libanati C, Cummings SR. Relationship between bone mineral density changes with denosumab treatment and risk reduction for vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Mar; 27(3):687-93.
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      45. Schousboe JT, Gourlay M, Fink HA, Taylor BC, Orwoll ES, Barrett-Connor E, Melton LJ, Cummings SR, Ensrud KE. Cost-effectiveness of bone densitometry among Caucasian women and men without a prior fracture according to age and body weight. Osteoporos Int. 2013 Jan; 24(1):163-77.
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      46. Eastell R, Reid DM, Vukicevic S, Ensrud KE, LaCroix AZ, Thompson JR, Thompson DD, Cummings SR. Effects of 3 years of lasofoxifene treatment on bone turnover markers in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Bone. 2012 May; 50(5):1135-40.
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      47. Black DM, Reid IR, Boonen S, Bucci-Rechtweg C, Cauley JA, Cosman F, Cummings SR, Hue TF, Lippuner K, Lakatos P, Leung PC, Man Z, Martinez RL, Tan M, Ruzycky ME, Su G, Eastell R. The effect of 3 versus 6 years of zoledronic acid treatment of osteoporosis: a randomized extension to the HORIZON-Pivotal Fracture Trial (PFT). J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Feb; 27(2):243-54.
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      48. Hillier TA, Lui LY, Kado DM, LeBlanc ES, Vesco KK, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Black DM, Hochberg MC, Cummings SR. Height loss in older women: risk of hip fracture and mortality independent of vertebral fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Jan; 27(1):153-9.
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      49. Bell KJ, Hayen A, Irwig L, Hochberg MC, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR, Bauer DC. The potential value of monitoring bone turnover markers among women on alendronate. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Jan; 27(1):195-201.
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      50. Xia WB, He SL, Xu L, Liu AM, Jiang Y, Li M, Wang O, Xing XP, Sun Y, Cummings SR. Rapidly increasing rates of hip fracture in Beijing, China. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Jan; 27(1):125-9.
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      51. McClung MR, Boonen S, Törring O, Roux C, Rizzoli R, Bone HG, Benhamou CL, Lems WF, Minisola S, Halse J, Hoeck HC, Eastell R, Wang A, Siddhanti S, Cummings SR. Effect of denosumab treatment on the risk of fractures in subgroups of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Jan; 27(1):211-8.
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      52. Tranah GJ, Nalls MA, Katzman SM, Yokoyama JS, Lam ET, Zhao Y, Mooney S, Thomas F, Newman AB, Liu Y, Cummings SR, Harris TB, Yaffe K. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation associated with dementia and cognitive function in the elderly. J Alzheimers Dis. 2012; 32(2):357-72.
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      53. Tranah GJ, Blackwell T, Stone KL, Ancoli-Israel S, Paudel ML, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Redline S, Hillier TA, Cummings SR, Yaffe K. Circadian activity rhythms and risk of incident dementia and mild cognitive impairment in older women. Ann Neurol. 2011 Nov; 70(5):722-32.
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      54. Njajou OT, Cawthon RM, Blackburn EH, Harris TB, Li R, Sanders JL, Newman AB, Nalls M, Cummings SR, Hsueh WC. Shorter telomeres are associated with obesity and weight gain in the elderly. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012 Sep; 36(9):1176-9.
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      55. Mackey DC, Black DM, Bauer DC, McCloskey EV, Eastell R, Mesenbrink P, Thompson JR, Cummings SR. Effects of antiresorptive treatment on nonvertebral fracture outcomes. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Oct; 26(10):2411-8.
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      56. LeBlanc ES, Hillier TA, Pedula KL, Rizzo JH, Cawthon PM, Fink HA, Cauley JA, Bauer DC, Black DM, Cummings SR, Browner WS. Hip fracture and increased short-term but not long-term mortality in healthy older women. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Nov 14; 171(20):1831-7.
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      57. Jamal SA, Ljunggren O, Stehman-Breen C, Cummings SR, McClung MR, Goemaere S, Ebeling PR, Franek E, Yang YC, Egbuna OI, Boonen S, Miller PD. Effects of denosumab on fracture and bone mineral density by level of kidney function. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Aug; 26(8):1829-35.
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      58. Donaldson MG, Cawthon PM, Schousboe JT, Ensrud KE, Lui LY, Cauley JA, Hillier TA, Taylor BC, Hochberg MC, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Novel methods to evaluate fracture risk models. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Aug; 26(8):1767-73.
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      59. Hillier TA, Cauley JA, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Ensrud KE, Bauer DC, Lui LY, Vesco KK, Black DM, Donaldson MG, Leblanc ES, Cummings SR. WHO absolute fracture risk models (FRAX): do clinical risk factors improve fracture prediction in older women without osteoporosis? J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Aug; 26(8):1774-82.
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      60. Javaid MK, Prieto-Alhambra D, Lui LY, Cawthon P, Arden NK, Lang T, Lane NE, Orwoll E, Barrett-Conner E, Nevitt MC, Cooper C, Cummings SR. Self-reported weight at birth predicts measures of femoral size but not volumetric BMD in eldery men: MrOS. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Aug; 26(8):1802-7.
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      61. Circulating sex hormones and breast cancer risk factors in postmenopausal women: reanalysis of 13 studies. Br J Cancer. 2011 Aug 23; 105(5):709-22.
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      62. Mackey DC, Manini TM, Schoeller DA, Koster A, Glynn NW, Goodpaster BH, Satterfield S, Newman AB, Harris TB, Cummings SR. Validation of an armband to measure daily energy expenditure in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Oct; 66(10):1108-13.
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      63. Schousboe JT, Kerlikowske K, Loh A, Cummings SR. Personalizing mammography by breast density and other risk factors for breast cancer: analysis of health benefits and cost-effectiveness. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Jul 5; 155(1):10-20.
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      64. Morley JE, Abbatecola AM, Argiles JM, Baracos V, Bauer J, Bhasin S, Cederholm T, Coats AJ, Cummings SR, Evans WJ, Fearon K, Ferrucci L, Fielding RA, Guralnik JM, Harris TB, Inui A, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Kirwan BA, Mantovani G, Muscaritoli M, Newman AB, Rossi-Fanelli F, Rosano GM, Roubenoff R, Schambelan M, Sokol GH, Storer TW, Vellas B, von Haehling S, Yeh SS, Anker SD. Sarcopenia with limited mobility: an international consensus. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2011 Jul; 12(6):403-9.
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      65. Boonen S, Van Meirhaeghe J, Bastian L, Cummings SR, Ranstam J, Tillman JB, Eastell R, Talmadge K, Wardlaw D. Balloon kyphoplasty for the treatment of acute vertebral compression fractures: 2-year results from a randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Jul; 26(7):1627-37.
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      66. Premaor MO, Ensrud K, Lui L, Parker RA, Cauley J, Hillier TA, Cummings S, Compston JE. Risk factors for nonvertebral fracture in obese older women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Aug; 96(8):2414-21.
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      153. Tranah GJ, Taylor BC, Lui LY, Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Li J, Rhees BK, Erlich HA, Sternlicht MD, Peltz G, Cummings SR. Genetic variation in candidate osteoporosis genes, bone mineral density, and fracture risk: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Calcif Tissue Int. 2008 Sep; 83(3):155-66.
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      154. Stone KL, Ancoli-Israel S, Blackwell T, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Redline S, Hillier TA, Schneider J, Claman D, Cummings SR. Actigraphy-measured sleep characteristics and risk of falls in older women. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Sep 8; 168(16):1768-75.
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      155. Seitzman RL, Mangione C, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Stone KL, Cummings SR, Hochberg MC, Hillier TA, Yu F, Coleman AL. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and age-related maculopathy in older women. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2008 Sep-Oct; 15(5):308-16.
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      156. Ettinger B, Kenemans P, Johnson SR, Mol-Arts M, Van Os S, Seifert W, Verweij PJ, Cummings SR. Endometrial effects of tibolone in elderly, osteoporotic women. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep; 112(3):653-9.
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      157. Khalil N, Cauley JA, Wilson JW, Talbott EO, Morrow L, Hochberg MC, Hillier TA, Muldoon SB, Cummings SR. Relationship of blood lead levels to incident nonspine fractures and falls in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Sep; 23(9):1417-25.
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      158. Hinshaw K, Simpson S, Cummings S, Hildreth A, Thornton J. A randomised controlled trial of early versus delayed oxytocin augmentation to treat primary dysfunctional labour in nulliparous women. BJOG. 2008 Sep; 115(10):1289-95; discussion 1295-6.
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      159. Cauley JA, Lacroix AZ, Wu L, Horwitz M, Danielson ME, Bauer DC, Lee JS, Jackson RD, Robbins JA, Wu C, Stanczyk FZ, LeBoff MS, Wactawski-Wende J, Sarto G, Ockene J, Cummings SR. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and risk for hip fractures. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Aug 19; 149(4):242-50.
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      160. Cummings SR, Ettinger B, Delmas PD, Kenemans P, Stathopoulos V, Verweij P, Mol-Arts M, Kloosterboer L, Mosca L, Christiansen C, Bilezikian J, Kerzberg EM, Johnson S, Zanchetta J, Grobbee DE, Seifert W, Eastell R. The effects of tibolone in older postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 14; 359(7):697-708.
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      161. Gardner RL, Harris F, Vittinghoff E, Cummings SR. The risk of fracture following hospitalization in older women and men. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Aug 11; 168(15):1671-7.
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      162. Black DM, Bouxsein ML, Marshall LM, Cummings SR, Lang TF, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Nielson CM, Orwoll ES. Proximal femoral structure and the prediction of hip fracture in men: a large prospective study using QCT. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1326-33.
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      163. LaCroix AZ, Lee JS, Wu L, Cauley JA, Shlipak MG, Ott SM, Robbins J, Curb JD, Leboff M, Bauer DC, Jackson RD, Kooperberg CL, Cummings SR. Cystatin-C, renal function, and incidence of hip fracture in postmenopausal women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Aug; 56(8):1434-41.
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      164. Ix JH, Wassel CL, Kanaya AM, Vittinghoff E, Johnson KC, Koster A, Cauley JA, Harris TB, Cummings SR, Shlipak MG. Fetuin-A and incident diabetes mellitus in older persons. JAMA. 2008 Jul 9; 300(2):182-8.
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      165. Cawthon PM, Fullman RL, Marshall L, Mackey DC, Fink HA, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Orwoll ES, Ensrud KE. Physical performance and risk of hip fractures in older men. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Jul; 23(7):1037-44.
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      166. Clark P, Cons-Molina F, Deleze M, Ragi S, Haddock L, Zanchetta JR, Jaller JJ, Palermo L, Talavera JO, Messina DO, Morales-Torres J, Salmeron J, Navarrete A, Suarez E, Pérez CM, Cummings SR. The prevalence of radiographic vertebral fractures in Latin American countries: the Latin American Vertebral Osteoporosis Study (LAVOS). Osteoporos Int. 2009 Feb; 20(2):275-82.
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      167. Narod SA, Neuhausen S, Vichodez G, Armel S, Lynch HT, Ghadirian P, Cummings S, Olopade O, Stoppa-Lyonnet D, Couch F, Wagner T, Warner E, Foulkes WD, Saal H, Weitzel J, Tulman A, Poll A, Nam R, Sun P. Rapid progression of prostate cancer in men with a BRCA2 mutation. Br J Cancer. 2008 Jul 22; 99(2):371-4.
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      168. Weir SS, Figueroa JP, Byfield L, Hall A, Cummings S, Suchindran C. Randomized controlled trial to investigate impact of site-based safer sex programmes in Kingston, Jamaica: trial design, methods and baseline findings. Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Jun; 13(6):801-13.
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      169. Ryder KM, Cummings SR, Palermo L, Satterfield S, Bauer DC, Feldstein AC, Schousboe JT, Schwartz AV, Ensrud K. Does a history of non-vertebral fracture identify women without osteoporosis for treatment? J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1177-81.
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      170. Heckbert SR, Li G, Cummings SR, Smith NL, Psaty BM. Use of alendronate and risk of incident atrial fibrillation in women. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Apr 28; 168(8):826-31.
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      171. Ishani A, Blackwell T, Jamal SA, Cummings SR, Ensrud KE. The effect of raloxifene treatment in postmenopausal women with CKD. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jul; 19(7):1430-8.
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      172. Ishani A, Paudel M, Taylor BC, Barrett-Connor E, Jamal S, Canales M, Steffes M, Fink HA, Orwoll E, Cummings SR, Ensrud KE. Renal function and rate of hip bone loss in older men: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study. Osteoporos Int. 2008 Nov; 19(11):1549-56.
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      173. Seitzman RL, Mahajan VB, Mangione C, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Stone KL, Cummings SR, Hochberg MC, Hillier TA, Sinsheimer JS, Yu F, Coleman AL. Estrogen receptor alpha and matrix metalloproteinase 2 polymorphisms and age-related maculopathy in older women. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 May 15; 167(10):1217-25.
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      174. Sørensen HT, Christensen S, Mehnert F, Pedersen L, Chapurlat RD, Cummings SR, Baron JA. Use of bisphosphonates among women and risk of atrial fibrillation and flutter: population based case-control study. BMJ. 2008 Apr 12; 336(7648):813-6.
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      175. Lee JS, LaCroix AZ, Wu L, Cauley JA, Jackson RD, Kooperberg C, Leboff MS, Robbins J, Lewis CE, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Associations of serum sex hormone-binding globulin and sex hormone concentrations with hip fracture risk in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 May; 93(5):1796-803.
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      176. Moffett SP, Oakley JI, Cauley JA, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Taylor BC, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Li J, Cayabyab S, Lee JM, Peltz G, Cummings SR, Zmuda JM. Osteoprotegerin Lys3Asn polymorphism and the risk of fracture in older women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 May; 93(5):2002-8.
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      177. Tice JA, Cummings SR, Smith-Bindman R, Ichikawa L, Barlow WE, Kerlikowske K. Using clinical factors and mammographic breast density to estimate breast cancer risk: development and validation of a new predictive model. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Mar 4; 148(5):337-47.
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      178. Schneider JL, Fink HA, Ewing SK, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR. The association of Parkinson's disease with bone mineral density and fracture in older women. Osteoporos Int. 2008 Jul; 19(7):1093-7.
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      179. Huo D, Adebamowo CA, Ogundiran TO, Akang EE, Campbell O, Adenipekun A, Cummings S, Fackenthal J, Ademuyiwa F, Ahsan H, Olopade OI. Parity and breastfeeding are protective against breast cancer in Nigerian women. Br J Cancer. 2008 Mar 11; 98(5):992-6.
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      180. Ensrud KE, Ewing SK, Taylor BC, Fink HA, Cawthon PM, Stone KL, Hillier TA, Cauley JA, Hochberg MC, Rodondi N, Tracy JK, Cummings SR. Comparison of 2 frailty indexes for prediction of falls, disability, fractures, and death in older women. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Feb 25; 168(4):382-9.
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      181. Fink HA, Harrison SL, Taylor BC, Cummings SR, Schousboe JT, Kuskowski MA, Stone KL, Ensrud KE. Differences in site-specific fracture risk among older women with discordant results for osteoporosis at hip and spine: study of osteoporotic fractures. J Clin Densitom. 2008 Apr-Jun; 11(2):250-9.
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      182. Granger CB, Vogel V, Cummings SR, Held P, Fiedorek F, Lawrence M, Neal B, Reidies H, Santarelli L, Schroyer R, Stockbridge NL. Do we need to adjudicate major clinical events? Clin Trials. 2008; 5(1):56-60.
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      183. Silverman SL, Cummings SR, Watts NB. Recommendations for the clinical evaluation of agents for treatment of osteoporosis: consensus of an expert panel representing the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR), the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD), and the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF). J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Jan; 23(1):159-65.
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      184. Cauley JA, Hochberg MC, Lui LY, Palermo L, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Long-term risk of incident vertebral fractures. JAMA. 2007 Dec 19; 298(23):2761-7.
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      185. Mackey DC, Eby JG, Harris F, Taaffe DR, Cauley JA, Tylavsky FA, Harris TB, Lang TF, Cummings SR. Prediction of clinical non-spine fractures in older black and white men and women with volumetric BMD of the spine and areal BMD of the hip: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study*. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Dec; 22(12):1862-8.
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      186. Mackey DC, Lui LY, Cawthon PM, Bauer DC, Nevitt MC, Cauley JA, Hillier TA, Lewis CE, Barrett-Connor E, Cummings SR. High-trauma fractures and low bone mineral density in older women and men. JAMA. 2007 Nov 28; 298(20):2381-8.
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      187. Huang AJ, Ettinger B, Vittinghoff E, Ensrud KE, Johnson KC, Cummings SR. Endogenous estrogen levels and the effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol therapy on bone turnover and BMD in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Nov; 22(11):1791-7.
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      188. Deo R, Fyr CL, Fried LF, Newman AB, Harris TB, Angleman S, Green C, Kritchevsky SB, Chertow GM, Cummings SR, Shlipak MG. Kidney dysfunction and fatal cardiovascular disease--an association independent of atherosclerotic events: results from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) study. Am Heart J. 2008 Jan; 155(1):62-8.
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      189. Cummings SR. Aging. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2007 Oct-Dec; 7(4):338-9.
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      190. Cummings SR. The biology of aging. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2007 Oct-Dec; 7(4):340-1.
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      191. Hindorff LA, Rice KM, Lange LA, Diehr P, Halder I, Walston J, Kwok P, Ziv E, Nievergelt C, Cummings SR, Newman AB, Tracy RP, Psaty BM, Reiner AP. Common variants in the CRP gene in relation to longevity and cause-specific mortality in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Atherosclerosis. 2008 Apr; 197(2):922-30.
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      192. Yaffe K, Lindquist K, Sen S, Cauley J, Ferrell R, Penninx B, Harris T, Li R, Cummings SR. Estrogen receptor genotype and risk of cognitive impairment in elders: findings from the Health ABC study. Neurobiol Aging. 2009 Apr; 30(4):607-14.
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      193. Ferrar L, Jiang G, Cawthon PM, San Valentin R, Fullman R, Lambert L, Cummings SR, Black DM, Orwoll E, Barrett-Connor E, Ensrud K, Fink HA, Eastell R. Identification of vertebral fracture and non-osteoporotic short vertebral height in men: the MrOS study. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Sep; 22(9):1434-41.
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      194. Schousboe JT, Taylor BC, Fink HA, Kane RL, Cummings SR, Orwoll ES, Melton LJ, Bauer DC, Ensrud KE. Cost-effectiveness of bone densitometry followed by treatment of osteoporosis in older men. JAMA. 2007 Aug 8; 298(6):629-37.
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      195. Cauley JA, Danielson ME, Boudreau RM, Forrest KY, Zmuda JM, Pahor M, Tylavsky FA, Cummings SR, Harris TB, Newman AB. Inflammatory markers and incident fracture risk in older men and women: the Health Aging and Body Composition Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Jul; 22(7):1088-95.
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      196. Schwartz AV, Cummings SR. Does rosiglitazone adversely affect bone formation and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women? Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Sep; 3(9):622-3.
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      197. Santen RJ, Boyd NF, Chlebowski RT, Cummings S, Cuzick J, Dowsett M, Easton D, Forbes JF, Key T, Hankinson SE, Howell A, Ingle J. Critical assessment of new risk factors for breast cancer: considerations for development of an improved risk prediction model. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2007 Jun; 14(2):169-87.
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      198. Black DM, Delmas PD, Eastell R, Reid IR, Boonen S, Cauley JA, Cosman F, Lakatos P, Leung PC, Man Z, Mautalen C, Mesenbrink P, Hu H, Caminis J, Tong K, Rosario-Jansen T, Krasnow J, Hue TF, Sellmeyer D, Eriksen EF, Cummings SR. Once-yearly zoledronic acid for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 3; 356(18):1809-22.
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      199. Cummings SR, Schwartz AV, Black DM. Alendronate and atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 3; 356(18):1895-6.
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      200. Grady D, Vittinghoff E, Lin F, Hanes V, Ensrud K, Habel LA, Wallace R, Macer J, Cummings SR, Shepherd J. Effect of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol on breast density in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2007 May-Jun; 14(3 Pt 1):391-6.
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      201. Seitzman RL, Mangione CM, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Stone KL, Cummings SR, Hochberg MC, Hillier TA, Yu F, Coleman AL. Bone mineral density and age-related maculopathy in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 May; 55(5):740-6.
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      202. Moffett SP, Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Li J, Cayabyab S, Lee JM, Peltz G, Cummings SR. Association of the VDR translation start site polymorphism and fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 May; 22(5):730-6.
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      203. Jamal SA, Bauer DC, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Hochberg M, Ishani A, Cummings SR. Alendronate treatment in women with normal to severely impaired renal function: an analysis of the fracture intervention trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Apr; 22(4):503-8.
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      204. Wassel Fyr CL, Kanaya AM, Cummings SR, Reich D, Hsueh WC, Reiner AP, Harris TB, Moffett S, Li R, Ding J, Miljkovic-Gacic I, Ziv E. Genetic admixture, adipocytokines, and adiposity in Black Americans: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study. Hum Genet. 2007 Jun; 121(5):615-24.
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      205. Cummings SR. Primary prevention of breast cancer: new approaches. Maturitas. 2007 May 20; 57(1):39-41.
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      206. Reich D, Patterson N, Ramesh V, De Jager PL, McDonald GJ, Tandon A, Choy E, Hu D, Tamraz B, Pawlikowska L, Wassel-Fyr C, Huntsman S, Waliszewska A, Rossin E, Li R, Garcia M, Reiner A, Ferrell R, Cummings S, Kwok PY, Harris T, Zmuda JM, Ziv E. Admixture mapping of an allele affecting interleukin 6 soluble receptor and interleukin 6 levels. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Apr; 80(4):716-26.
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      207. Rodondi N, Taylor BC, Bauer DC, Lui LY, Vogt MT, Fink HA, Browner WS, Cummings SR, Ensrud KE. Association between aortic calcification and total and cardiovascular mortality in older women. J Intern Med. 2007 Mar; 261(3):238-44.
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      208. Coleman AL, Cummings SR, Yu F, Kodjebacheva G, Ensrud KE, Gutierrez P, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Pedula KL, Hochberg MC, Mangione CM. Binocular visual-field loss increases the risk of future falls in older white women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Mar; 55(3):357-64.
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      209. Kanis JA, Oden A, Johnell O, Johansson H, De Laet C, Brown J, Burckhardt P, Cooper C, Christiansen C, Cummings S, Eisman JA, Fujiwara S, Glüer C, Goltzman D, Hans D, Krieg MA, La Croix A, McCloskey E, Mellstrom D, Melton LJ, Pols H, Reeve J, Sanders K, Schott AM, Silman A, Torgerson D, van Staa T, Watts NB, Yoshimura N. The use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women. Osteoporos Int. 2007 Aug; 18(8):1033-46.
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      210. Bauer DC, Ewing SK, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR, Orwoll ES. Quantitative ultrasound predicts hip and non-spine fracture in men: the MrOS study. Osteoporos Int. 2007 Jun; 18(6):771-7.
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      211. Hsu YH, Xu X, Terwedow HA, Niu T, Hong X, Wu D, Wang L, Brain JD, Bouxsein ML, Cummings SR, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Large-scale genome-wide linkage analysis for loci linked to BMD at different skeletal sites in extreme selected sibships. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Feb; 22(2):184-94.
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      212. Wang J, Higuchi R, Modugno F, Li J, Umblas N, Lee J, Lui LY, Ziv E, Tice JA, Cummings SR, Rhees B. Estrogen receptor alpha haplotypes and breast cancer risk in older Caucasian women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Dec; 106(2):273-80.
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      213. Lewis CE, Ewing SK, Taylor BC, Shikany JM, Fink HA, Ensrud KE, Barrett-Connor E, Cummings SR, Orwoll E. Predictors of non-spine fracture in elderly men: the MrOS study. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Feb; 22(2):211-9.
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      214. Cawthon PM, Fink HA, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley JA, Dam TT, Lewis CE, Marshall LM, Orwoll ES, Cummings SR. Alcohol use, physical performance, and functional limitations in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Feb; 55(2):212-20.
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      215. Ensrud KE, Lui LY, Taylor BC, Ishani A, Shlipak MG, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Jamal SA, Antoniucci DM, Cummings SR. Renal function and risk of hip and vertebral fractures in older women. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jan 22; 167(2):133-9.
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      216. Hillier TA, Stone KL, Bauer DC, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Hochberg MC, Cummings SR. Evaluating the value of repeat bone mineral density measurement and prediction of fractures in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jan 22; 167(2):155-60.
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      217. Black DM, Schwartz AV, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Levis S, Quandt SA, Satterfield S, Wallace RB, Bauer DC, Palermo L, Wehren LE, Lombardi A, Santora AC, Cummings SR. Effects of continuing or stopping alendronate after 5 years of treatment: the Fracture Intervention Trial Long-term Extension (FLEX): a randomized trial. JAMA. 2006 Dec 27; 296(24):2927-38.
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      218. Keller CR, Odden MC, Fried LF, Newman AB, Angleman S, Green CA, Cummings SR, Harris TB, Shlipak MG. Kidney function and markers of inflammation in elderly persons without chronic kidney disease: the health, aging, and body composition study. Kidney Int. 2007 Feb; 71(3):239-44.
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      219. Cummings SR. A 55-year-old woman with osteopenia. JAMA. 2006 Dec 6; 296(21):2601-10.
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      220. Yaffe K, Barnes D, Lindquist K, Cauley J, Simonsick EM, Penninx B, Satterfield S, Harris T, Cummings SR. Endogenous sex hormone levels and risk of cognitive decline in an older biracial cohort. Neurobiol Aging. 2007 Feb; 28(2):171-8.
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      221. Cawthon PM, Harrison SL, Barrett-Connor E, Fink HA, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, Orwoll ES, Cummings SR. Alcohol intake and its relationship with bone mineral density, falls, and fracture risk in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Nov; 54(11):1649-57.
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      222. Orwoll E, Lambert LC, Marshall LM, Blank J, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Cummings SR. Endogenous testosterone levels, physical performance, and fall risk in older men. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Oct 23; 166(19):2124-31.
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      223. Yaffe K, Kanaya AM, Lindquist K, Hsueh WC, Cummings SR, Beamer B, Newman A, Rosano C, Li R, Harris T. PPAR-gamma Pro12Ala genotype and risk of cognitive decline in elders. Neurobiol Aging. 2008 Jan; 29(1):78-83.
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      224. Cummings SR, Cawthon PM, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Fink HA, Orwoll ES. BMD and risk of hip and nonvertebral fractures in older men: a prospective study and comparison with older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Oct; 21(10):1550-6.
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      225. Cauley JA, Song J, Dowsett SA, Mershon JL, Cummings SR. Risk factors for breast cancer in older women: the relative contribution of bone mineral density and other established risk factors. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Apr; 102(2):181-8.
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      226. Kanaya AM, Wassel Fyr C, Vittinghoff E, Havel PJ, Cesari M, Nicklas B, Harris T, Newman AB, Satterfield S, Cummings SR. Serum adiponectin and coronary heart disease risk in older Black and White Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Dec; 91(12):5044-50.
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      227. Lippman ME, Cummings SR, Disch DP, Mershon JL, Dowsett SA, Cauley JA, Martino S. Effect of raloxifene on the incidence of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis categorized by breast cancer risk. Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Sep 1; 12(17):5242-7.
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      228. Lee JS, Ettinger B, Stanczyk FZ, Vittinghoff E, Hanes V, Cauley JA, Chandler W, Settlage J, Beattie MS, Folkerd E, Dowsett M, Grady D, Cummings SR. Comparison of methods to measure low serum estradiol levels in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Oct; 91(10):3791-7.
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      229. Stone KL, Ewing SK, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Ancoli-Israel S, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Hillier TA, Cummings SR. Self-reported sleep and nap habits and risk of falls and fractures in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug; 54(8):1177-83.
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      230. Bibbins-Domingo K, Chertow GM, Fried LF, Odden MC, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, Harris TB, Satterfield S, Cummings SR, Shlipak MG. Renal function and heart failure risk in older black and white individuals: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jul 10; 166(13):1396-402.
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      231. Zalloua PA, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, Zang T, Wu D, Tang G, Li Z, Hong X, Azar ST, Wang B, Bouxsein ML, Brain J, Cummings SR, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. Maturitas. 2007 Jan 20; 56(1):1-11.
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      232. Heisey R, Pimlott N, Clemons M, Cummings S, Drummond N. Women's views on chemoprevention of breast cancer: qualitative study. Can Fam Physician. 2006 May; 52:624-5.
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      233. Shepherd JA, Herve L, Landau J, Fan B, Kerlikowske K, Cummings SR. Clinical comparison of a novel breast DXA technique to mammographic density. Med Phys. 2006 May; 33(5):1490-8.
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      234. McClung MR, Siris E, Cummings S, Bolognese M, Ettinger M, Moffett A, Emkey R, Day W, Somayaji V, Lee A. Prevention of bone loss in postmenopausal women treated with lasofoxifene compared with raloxifene. Menopause. 2006 May-Jun; 13(3):377-86.
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      235. Jamal SA, Hamilton CJ, Black D, Cummings SR. The effects of organic nitrates on osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN94484747]. Trials. 2006; 7:10.
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      236. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Vittinghoff E, Palermo L, Lecka-Czernik B, Feingold KR, Strotmeyer ES, Resnick HE, Carbone L, Beamer BA, Park SW, Lane NE, Harris TB, Cummings SR. Thiazolidinedione use and bone loss in older diabetic adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3349-54.
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      237. Thomas T, Feron JM, Delmas PD, Kaufman J, Tosi L, Cummings S, Lane J, Johnell O, Bouxsein ML. [Optimal management of patients with stress fractures and the role of the orthopedic surgeon in reducing the risk of new fractures]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 2006 Apr; 92(2):165-74.
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      238. Cummings SR. LIFT study is discontinued. BMJ. 2006 Mar 18; 332(7542):667.
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      239. Taylor BC, Schreiner PJ, Zmuda JM, Li J, Moffett SP, Beck TJ, Cummings SR, Lee JM, Walker K, Ensrud KE. Association of endothelial nitric oxide synthase genotypes with bone mineral density, bone loss, hip structure, and risk of fracture in older women: the SOF study. Bone. 2006 Jul; 39(1):174-80.
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      240. Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Gass M, Wallace RB, Robbins J, Lewis CE, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Blanchette P, Bonds DE, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Cauley JA, Chlebowski RT, Cummings SR, Granek I, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kotchen JM, Kuller LH, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Limacher MC, Ludlam S, Manson JE, Margolis KL, McGowan J, Ockene JK, O'Sullivan MJ, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wactawski-Wende J, Whitlock E, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Barad D. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16; 354(7):669-83.
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      241. Kado DM, Christianson L, Palermo L, Smith-Bindman R, Cummings SR, Greendale GA. Comparing a supine radiologic versus standing clinical measurement of kyphosis in older women: the Fracture Intervention Trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Feb 15; 31(4):463-7.
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      242. Kanaya AM, Wassel Fyr C, Vittinghoff E, Harris TB, Park SW, Goodpaster BH, Tylavsky F, Cummings SR. Adipocytokines and incident diabetes mellitus in older adults: the independent effect of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13; 166(3):350-6.
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      243. Beattie MS, Costantino JP, Cummings SR, Wickerham DL, Vogel VG, Dowsett M, Folkerd EJ, Willett WC, Wolmark N, Hankinson SE. Endogenous sex hormones, breast cancer risk, and tamoxifen response: an ancillary study in the NSABP Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (P-1). J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Jan 18; 98(2):110-5.
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      244. Hsu YH, Venners SA, Terwedow HA, Feng Y, Niu T, Li Z, Laird N, Brain JD, Cummings SR, Bouxsein ML, Rosen CJ, Xu X. Relation of body composition, fat mass, and serum lipids to osteoporotic fractures and bone mineral density in Chinese men and women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jan; 83(1):146-54.
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      245. Orwoll E, Lambert LC, Marshall LM, Phipps K, Blank J, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Cummings S. Testosterone and estradiol among older men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr; 91(4):1336-44.
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      246. Shlipak MG, Wassel Fyr CL, Chertow GM, Harris TB, Kritchevsky SB, Tylavsky FA, Satterfield S, Cummings SR, Newman AB, Fried LF. Cystatin C and mortality risk in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Jan; 17(1):254-61.
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      247. Tice JA, Cummings SR, Ziv E, Kerlikowske K. Mammographic breast density and the Gail model for breast cancer risk prediction in a screening population. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Nov; 94(2):115-22.
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      248. Modugno F, Zmuda JM, Potter D, Cai C, Ziv E, Cummings SR, Stone KL, Morin PA, Greene D, Cauley JA. Association of estrogen receptor alpha polymorphisms with breast cancer risk in older Caucasian women. Int J Cancer. 2005 Oct 10; 116(6):984-91.
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      249. Cesari M, Kritchevsky SB, Nicklas BJ, Penninx BW, Holvoet P, Koh-Banerjee P, Cummings SR, Harris TB, Newman AB, Pahor M. Lipoprotein peroxidation and mobility limitation: results from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Oct 10; 165(18):2148-54.
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      250. Modugno F, Zmuda JM, Potter D, Cai C, Ziv E, Cummings SR, Stone KL, Morin PA, Greene D, Cauley JA. Estrogen metabolizing polymorphisms and breast cancer risk among older white women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Oct; 93(3):261-70.
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      251. Orwoll E, Blank JB, Barrett-Connor E, Cauley J, Cummings S, Ensrud K, Lewis C, Cawthon PM, Marcus R, Marshall LM, McGowan J, Phipps K, Sherman S, Stefanick ML, Stone K. Design and baseline characteristics of the osteoporotic fractures in men (MrOS) study--a large observational study of the determinants of fracture in older men. Contemp Clin Trials. 2005 Oct; 26(5):569-85.
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      252. Lau EM, Leung PC, Kwok T, Woo J, Lynn H, Orwoll E, Cummings S, Cauley J. The determinants of bone mineral density in Chinese men--results from Mr. Os (Hong Kong), the first cohort study on osteoporosis in Asian men. Osteoporos Int. 2006 Feb; 17(2):297-303.
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      253. Feng Y, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, Chen Cz, Xu X, Niu T, Zang T, Wu D, Tang G, Li Z, Hong X, Wang B, Brain JD, Cummings SR, Rosen C, Bouxsein ML, Xu X. Familial aggregation of bone mineral density and bone mineral content in a Chinese population. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):1917-23.
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      254. Felson DT, Cummings SR. Aromatase inhibitors and the syndrome of arthralgias with estrogen deprivation. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Sep; 52(9):2594-8.
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      255. Cummings SR. Folate plus vitamin B12 reduced hip fractures in patients with poststroke hemiplegia. ACP J Club. 2005 Sep-Oct; 143(2):31.
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      256. Clark P, Lavielle P, Franco-Marina F, Ramírez E, Salmerón J, Kanis JA, Cummings SR. Incidence rates and life-time risk of hip fractures in Mexicans over 50 years of age: a population-based study. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec; 16(12):2025-30.
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      257. Tankó LB, Christiansen C, Cox DA, Geiger MJ, McNabb MA, Cummings SR. Relationship between osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Nov; 20(11):1912-20.
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      258. Jacobs BP, Bent S, Tice JA, Blackwell T, Cummings SR. An internet-based randomized, placebo-controlled trial of kava and valerian for anxiety and insomnia. Medicine (Baltimore). 2005 Jul; 84(4):197-207.
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      259. Siris ES, Harris ST, Eastell R, Zanchetta JR, Goemaere S, Diez-Perez A, Stock JL, Song J, Qu Y, Kulkarni PM, Siddhanti SR, Wong M, Cummings SR. Skeletal effects of raloxifene after 8 years: results from the continuing outcomes relevant to Evista (CORE) study. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Sep; 20(9):1514-24.
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      260. Kurella M, Chertow GM, Fried LF, Cummings SR, Harris T, Simonsick E, Satterfield S, Ayonayon H, Yaffe K. Chronic kidney disease and cognitive impairment in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Jul; 16(7):2127-33.
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      261. Cauley JA, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Zmuda JM, Stone KL, Hochberg MC, Cummings SR. Bone mineral density and the risk of incident nonspinal fractures in black and white women. JAMA. 2005 May 4; 293(17):2102-8.
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      262. Cummings SR, Lee JS, Lui LY, Stone K, Ljung BM, Cauleys JA. Sex hormones, risk factors, and risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in older women: a long-term prospective study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 May; 14(5):1047-51.
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      263. Yaffe K, Krueger K, Cummings SR, Blackwell T, Henderson VW, Sarkar S, Ensrud K, Grady D. Effect of raloxifene on prevention of dementia and cognitive impairment in older women: the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) randomized trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Apr; 162(4):683-90.
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      264. Shepherd JA, Herve L, Landau J, Fan B, Kerlikowske K, Cummings SR. Novel use of single X-ray absorptiometry for measuring breast density. Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Apr; 4(2):173-82.
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      265. Moffett SP, Zmuda JM, Oakley JI, Beck TJ, Cauley JA, Stone KL, Lui LY, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Morin P, Peltz G, Greene D, Cummings SR. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha polymorphism, bone strength phenotypes, and the risk of fracture in older women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun; 90(6):3491-7.
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      266. Kerlikowske K, Shepherd J, Creasman J, Tice JA, Ziv E, Cummings SR. Are breast density and bone mineral density independent risk factors for breast cancer? J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Mar 2; 97(5):368-74.
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      267. Cummings SR. Bone density screening: a new level of evidence? Ann Intern Med. 2005 Feb 1; 142(3):217-9.
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      268. Reiner AP, Ziv E, Lind DL, Nievergelt CM, Schork NJ, Cummings SR, Phong A, Burchard EG, Harris TB, Psaty BM, Kwok PY. Population structure, admixture, and aging-related phenotypes in African American adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 Mar; 76(3):463-77.
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      269. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Strotmeyer ES, Tylavsky FA, Feingold KR, Resnick HE, Shorr RI, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Harris TB. Diabetes and bone loss at the hip in older black and white adults. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Apr; 20(4):596-603.
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      270. Antoniucci DM, Sellmeyer DE, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Schneider JL, Vesco KK, Cummings SR, Melton LJ. Postmenopausal bilateral oophorectomy is not associated with increased fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 May; 20(5):741-7.
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      271. Chapurlat RD, Palermo L, Ramsay P, Cummings SR. Risk of fracture among women who lose bone density during treatment with alendronate. The Fracture Intervention Trial. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Jul; 16(7):842-8.
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      272. Browner WS, Kahn AJ, Ziv E, Reiner AP, Oshima J, Cawthon RM, Hsueh WC, Cummings SR. The genetics of human longevity. Am J Med. 2004 Dec 1; 117(11):851-60.
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      273. Cummings S. Issues in designing and testing a "cure" for osteoporosis. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2004 Dec; 4(4):408.
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      274. Cummings S. Summary--curing osteoporosis. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2004 Dec; 4(4):409.
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      275. Martino S, Cauley JA, Barrett-Connor E, Powles TJ, Mershon J, Disch D, Secrest RJ, Cummings SR. Continuing outcomes relevant to Evista: breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal osteoporotic women in a randomized trial of raloxifene. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004 Dec 1; 96(23):1751-61.
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      276. Ziv E, Tice J, Smith-Bindman R, Shepherd J, Cummings S, Kerlikowske K. Mammographic density and estrogen receptor status of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 Dec; 13(12):2090-5.
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      277. Sim I, Cummings SR. Quantifying the gap between proof and practice. Evid Based Cardiovasc Med. 2004 Dec; 8(4):287-90.
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      278. Bouxsein ML, Kaufman J, Tosi L, Cummings S, Lane J, Johnell O. Recommendations for optimal care of the fragility fracture patient to reduce the risk of future fracture. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004 Nov-Dec; 12(6):385-95.
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      279. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Stone KL, Palermo L, Black DM, Bauer DC, Genant HK, Hochberg MC, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Cauley JA. Risk factors for a first-incident radiographic vertebral fracture in women > or = 65 years of age: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Jan; 20(1):131-40.
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      280. Grady D, Ettinger B, Moscarelli E, Plouffe L, Sarkar S, Ciaccia A, Cummings S. Safety and adverse effects associated with raloxifene: multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct; 104(4):837-44.
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      281. Wong SY, Lau EM, Lynn H, Leung PC, Woo J, Cummings SR, Orwoll E. Depression and bone mineral density: is there a relationship in elderly Asian men? Results from Mr. Os (Hong Kong). Osteoporos Int. 2005 Jun; 16(6):610-5.
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      282. Taylor BC, Schreiner PJ, Stone KL, Fink HA, Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Bowman PJ, Ensrud KE. Long-term prediction of incident hip fracture risk in elderly white women: study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Sep; 52(9):1479-86.
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      283. Ettinger B, Ensrud KE, Wallace R, Johnson KC, Cummings SR, Yankov V, Vittinghoff E, Grady D. Effects of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on bone mineral density: a randomized clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 104(3):443-51.
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      284. Jamal SA, Leiter RE, Bayoumi AM, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Clinical utility of laboratory testing in women with osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2005 May; 16(5):534-40.
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      285. Jamal SA, Cummings SR, Hawker GA. Isosorbide mononitrate increases bone formation and decreases bone resorption in postmenopausal women: a randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Sep; 19(9):1512-7.
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      286. Moffett SP, Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Stone KL, Nevitt MC, Ensrud KE, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Joslyn G, Morin P, Cummings SR. Association of the G-174C variant in the interleukin-6 promoter region with bone loss and fracture risk in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Oct; 19(10):1612-8.
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      287. Kanaya AM, Harris T, Goodpaster BH, Tylavsky F, Cummings SR. Adipocytokines attenuate the association between visceral adiposity and diabetes in older adults. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jun; 27(6):1375-80.
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      288. Coleman AL, Stone K, Ewing SK, Nevitt M, Cummings S, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Harris EL, Hochberg MC, Mangione CM. Higher risk of multiple falls among elderly women who lose visual acuity. Ophthalmology. 2004 May; 111(5):857-62.
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      289. Stone KL, Bauer DC, Sellmeyer D, Cummings SR. Low serum vitamin B-12 levels are associated with increased hip bone loss in older women: a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Mar; 89(3):1217-21.
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      290. Waetjen LE, Brown JS, Modelska K, Blackwell T, Vittinghoff E, Cummings SR. Effect of raloxifene on urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Feb; 103(2):261-6.
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      291. Olszynski WP, Shawn Davison K, Adachi JD, Brown JP, Cummings SR, Hanley DA, Harris SP, Hodsman AB, Kendler D, McClung MR, Miller PD, Yuen CK. Osteoporosis in men: epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Clin Ther. 2004 Jan; 26(1):15-28.
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      292. Lane NE, Williams EN, Hung YY, Hochberg MC, Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. Association of nitrate use with risk of new radiographic features of hip osteoarthritis in elderly white women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Dec 15; 49(6):752-8.
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      293. Ensrud KE, Ewing SK, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bowman PJ, Cummings SR. Intentional and unintentional weight loss increase bone loss and hip fracture risk in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec; 51(12):1740-7.
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      294. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Danielson ME, Ljung BM, Bauer DC, Cummings SR, Kuller LH. Estrogen metabolites and the risk of breast cancer in older women. Epidemiology. 2003 Nov; 14(6):740-4.
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      295. Stone KL, Seeley DG, Lui LY, Cauley JA, Ensrud K, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. BMD at multiple sites and risk of fracture of multiple types: long-term results from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Nov; 18(11):1947-54.
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      296. Bent S, Xu L, Lui LY, Nevitt M, Schneider E, Tian G, Guo S, Cummings S. A randomized controlled trial of a Chinese herbal remedy to increase energy, memory, sexual function, and quality of life in elderly adults in Beijing, China. Am J Med. 2003 Oct 15; 115(6):441-7.
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      297. Cauley JA, Robbins J, Chen Z, Cummings SR, Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, LeBoff M, Lewis CE, McGowan J, Neuner J, Pettinger M, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J, Watts NB. Effects of estrogen plus progestin on risk of fracture and bone mineral density: the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. JAMA. 2003 Oct 1; 290(13):1729-38.
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      298. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Lui LY, Hillier TA, Ness RB, Stone KL, Cummings SR, Bauer DC. Lipid-lowering drug use and breast cancer in older women: a prospective study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Oct; 12(8):749-56.
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      299. Key TJ, Appleby PN, Reeves GK, Roddam A, Dorgan JF, Longcope C, Stanczyk FZ, Stephenson HE, Falk RT, Miller R, Schatzkin A, Allen DS, Fentiman IS, Key TJ, Wang DY, Dowsett M, Thomas HV, Hankinson SE, Toniolo P, Akhmedkhanov A, Koenig K, Shore RE, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Berrino F, Muti P, Micheli A, Krogh V, Sieri S, Pala V, Venturelli E, Secreto G, Barrett-Connor E, Laughlin GA, Kabuto M, Akiba S, Stevens RG, Neriishi K, Land CE, Cauley JA, Kuller LH, Cummings SR, Helzlsouer KJ, Alberg AJ, Bush TL, Comstock GW, Gordon GB, Miller SR, Longcope C. Body mass index, serum sex hormones, and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003 Aug 20; 95(16):1218-26.
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      300. Sim I, Cummings SR. A new framework for describing and quantifying the gap between proof and practice. Med Care. 2003 Aug; 41(8):874-81.
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      301. Tice JA, Ettinger B, Ensrud K, Wallace R, Blackwell T, Cummings SR. Phytoestrogen supplements for the treatment of hot flashes: the Isoflavone Clover Extract (ICE) Study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 Jul 9; 290(2):207-14.
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      302. Cummings SR. Review: parathyroid hormone increases lumbar spine bone mineral density and decreases vertebral fractures in osteoporosis. ACP J Club. 2003 Jul-Aug; 139(1):11.
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      303. Kado DM, Duong T, Stone KL, Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC, Greendale GA, Cummings SR. Incident vertebral fractures and mortality in older women: a prospective study. Osteoporos Int. 2003 Jul; 14(7):589-94.
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      304. Gregg EW, Cauley JA, Stone K, Thompson TJ, Bauer DC, Cummings SR, Ensrud KE. Relationship of changes in physical activity and mortality among older women. JAMA. 2003 May 14; 289(18):2379-86.
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      305. Hillier TA, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Stone KL, Cauley JA, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Nulliparity and fracture risk in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 May; 18(5):893-9.
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      306. Tice JA, Browner W, Tracy RP, Cummings SR. The relation of C-reactive protein levels to total and cardiovascular mortality in older U.S. women. Am J Med. 2003 Feb 15; 114(3):199-205.
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      307. Chapurlat RD, Bauer DC, Nevitt M, Stone K, Cummings SR. Incidence and risk factors for a second hip fracture in elderly women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. Osteoporos Int. 2003 Apr; 14(2):130-6.
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      308. Modelska K, Cummings S. Female sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women: systematic review of placebo-controlled trials. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jan; 188(1):286-93.
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      309. Fink HA, Ensrud KE, Nelson DB, Kerani RP, Schreiner PJ, Zhao Y, Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. Disability after clinical fracture in postmenopausal women with low bone density: the fracture intervention trial (FIT). Osteoporos Int. 2003 Jan; 14(1):69-76.
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      310. Prevrhal S, Shepherd JA, Smith-Bindman R, Cummings SR, Kerlikowske K. Accuracy of mammographic breast density analysis: results of formal operator training. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002 Nov; 11(11):1389-93.
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      311. Cummings SR, Bates D, Black DM. Clinical use of bone densitometry: scientific review. JAMA. 2002 Oct 16; 288(15):1889-97.
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      312. Bates DW, Black DM, Cummings SR. Clinical use of bone densitometry: clinical applications. JAMA. 2002 Oct 16; 288(15):1898-900.
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      313. Schwartz AV, Hillier TA, Sellmeyer DE, Resnick HE, Gregg E, Ensrud KE, Schreiner PJ, Margolis KL, Cauley JA, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cummings SR. Older women with diabetes have a higher risk of falls: a prospective study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Oct; 25(10):1749-54.
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      314. Chapurlat RD, Cummings SR. Does follow-up of osteoporotic women treated with antiresorptive therapies improve effectiveness? Osteoporos Int. 2002 Sep; 13(9):738-44.
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      315. Quinn J, Cummings S, Callaham M, Sellers K. Suturing versus conservative management of lacerations of the hand: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2002 Aug 10; 325(7359):299.
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      316. Chlebowski RT, Col N, Winer EP, Collyar DE, Cummings SR, Vogel VG, Burstein HJ, Eisen A, Lipkus I, Pfister DG. American Society of Clinical Oncology technology assessment of pharmacologic interventions for breast cancer risk reduction including tamoxifen, raloxifene, and aromatase inhibition. J Clin Oncol. 2002 Aug 1; 20(15):3328-43.
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      317. Nevitt MC, Xu L, Zhang Y, Lui LY, Yu W, Lane NE, Qin M, Hochberg MC, Cummings SR, Felson DT. Very low prevalence of hip osteoarthritis among Chinese elderly in Beijing, China, compared with whites in the United States: the Beijing osteoarthritis study. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Jul; 46(7):1773-9.
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      318. Cummings SR, Melton LJ. Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures. Lancet. 2002 May 18; 359(9319):1761-7.
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      319. Hsu CY, Cummings SR, McCulloch CE, Chertow GM. Bone mineral density is not diminished by mild to moderate chronic renal insufficiency. Kidney Int. 2002 May; 61(5):1814-20.
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      320. Shepherd JA, Kerlikowske KM, Smith-Bindman R, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Measurement of breast density with dual X-ray absorptiometry: feasibility. Radiology. 2002 May; 223(2):554-7.
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      321. Kado DM, Lui LY, Cummings SR. Rapid resting heart rate: a simple and powerful predictor of osteoporotic fractures and mortality in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Mar; 50(3):455-60.
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      322. Cummings SR. How drugs decrease fracture risk: lessons from trials. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2002 Mar; 2(3):198-200.
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      323. Cummings SR, Karpf DB, Harris F, Genant HK, Ensrud K, LaCroix AZ, Black DM. Improvement in spine bone density and reduction in risk of vertebral fractures during treatment with antiresorptive drugs. Am J Med. 2002 Mar; 112(4):281-9.
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      324. Cummings SR, Duong T, Kenyon E, Cauley JA, Whitehead M, Krueger KA. Serum estradiol level and risk of breast cancer during treatment with raloxifene. JAMA. 2002 Jan 9; 287(2):216-20.
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      325. Modelska K, Cummings S. Tibolone for postmenopausal women: systematic review of randomized trials. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jan; 87(1):16-23.
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      326. Kaufman JD, Cummings SR. Osteoporosis and prevention of fractures: practical approaches for orthopaedic surgeons. Instr Course Lect. 2002; 51:559-65.
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      327. Cummings SR. The paradox of small changes in bone density and reductions in risk of fracture with raloxifene. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001 Dec; 949:198-201.
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      328. Chapurlat RD, Blackwell T, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover in women treated with raloxifene: influence of regression to the mean. Osteoporos Int. 2001 Dec; 12(12):1006-14.
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      329. Beck TJ, Stone KL, Oreskovic TL, Hochberg MC, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Effects of current and discontinued estrogen replacement therapy on hip structural geometry: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 Nov; 16(11):2103-10.
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      330. Chapurlat RD, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Association between endogenous hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin and bone turnover in older women: study of osteoporotic fractures. Bone. 2001 Oct; 29(4):381-7.
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      331. Sebastian A, Sellmeyer DE, Stone KL, Cummings SR. Dietary ratio of animal to vegetable protein and rate of bone loss and risk of fracture in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Sep; 74(3):411-2.
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      332. Chapurlat RD, Ewing SK, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Influence of smoking on the antiosteoporotic efficacy of raloxifene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Sep; 86(9):4178-82.
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      333. Cummings SR, Parfitt AM. Bone density regression to the mean and the individual patient. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Aug; 86(8):4001-2.
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      334. Pavlic M, Brand RJ, Cummings SR. Estimating probability of non-response to treatment using mixture distributions. Stat Med. 2001 Jun 30; 20(12):1739-53.
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      335. Zmuda JM, Cauley JA, Ljung BM, Bauer DC, Cummings SR, Kuller LH. Bone mass and breast cancer risk in older women: differences by stage at diagnosis. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001 Jun 20; 93(12):930-6.
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      336. Lippman ME, Krueger KA, Eckert S, Sashegyi A, Walls EL, Jamal S, Cauley JA, Cummings SR. Indicators of lifetime estrogen exposure: effect on breast cancer incidence and interaction with raloxifene therapy in the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation study participants. J Clin Oncol. 2001 Jun 15; 19(12):3111-6.
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      337. Grady D, Cummings SR. Postmenopausal hormone therapy for prevention of fractures: how good is the evidence? JAMA. 2001 Jun 13; 285(22):2909-10.
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      338. Beck TJ, Oreskovic TL, Stone KL, Ruff CB, Ensrud K, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Structural adaptation to changing skeletal load in the progression toward hip fragility: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 Jun; 16(6):1108-19.
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      339. Lu Y, Genant HK, Shepherd J, Zhao S, Mathur A, Fuerst TP, Cummings SR. Classification of osteoporosis based on bone mineral densities. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 May; 16(5):901-10.
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      340. Cauley JA, Black DM, Barrett-Connor E, Harris F, Shields K, Applegate W, Cummings SR. Effects of hormone replacement therapy on clinical fractures and height loss: The Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS). Am J Med. 2001 Apr 15; 110(6):442-50.
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      341. Lips P, Duong T, Oleksik A, Black D, Cummings S, Cox D, Nickelsen T. A global study of vitamin D status and parathyroid function in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: baseline data from the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation clinical trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar; 86(3):1212-21.
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      342. Browner WS, Lui LY, Cummings SR. Associations of serum osteoprotegerin levels with diabetes, stroke, bone density, fractures, and mortality in elderly women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Feb; 86(2):631-7.
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      343. Sellmeyer DE, Stone KL, Sebastian A, Cummings SR. A high ratio of dietary animal to vegetable protein increases the rate of bone loss and the risk of fracture in postmenopausal women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Jan; 73(1):118-22.
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      344. Black DM, Palermo L, Sørensen T, Jørgensen JT, Lewis C, Tylavsky F, Wallace R, Harris E, Cummings SR. A normative reference database study for Pronosco X-posure System. J Clin Densitom. 2001; 4(1):5-12.
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      345. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Tabor HK, Schreiner PJ, Jamal SA, Black DM, Cummings SR. Older women with diabetes have an increased risk of fracture: a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jan; 86(1):32-8.
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      346. Cummings S. The genetic testing process: how much counseling is needed? J Clin Oncol. 2000 Nov 1; 18(21 Suppl):60S-4S.
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      347. Black DM, Thompson DE, Bauer DC, Ensrud K, Musliner T, Hochberg MC, Nevitt MC, Suryawanshi S, Cummings SR. Fracture risk reduction with alendronate in women with osteoporosis: the Fracture Intervention Trial. FIT Research Group. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Nov; 85(11):4118-24.
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      348. Kado DM, Browner WS, Blackwell T, Gore R, Cummings SR. Rate of bone loss is associated with mortality in older women: a prospective study. J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Oct; 15(10):1974-80.
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      349. Ling X, Cummings SR, Mingwei Q, Xihe Z, Xioashu C, Nevitt M, Stone K. Vertebral fractures in Beijing, China: the Beijing Osteoporosis Project. J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Oct; 15(10):2019-25.
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      350. Cummings SR, Chapurlat RD. What PROOF proves about calcitonin and clinical trials. Am J Med. 2000 Sep; 109(4):330-1.
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      351. Yaffe K, Lui LY, Grady D, Cauley J, Kramer J, Cummings SR. Cognitive decline in women in relation to non-protein-bound oestradiol concentrations. Lancet. 2000 Aug 26; 356(9231):708-12.
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      352. Gao Q, Tomlinson G, Das S, Cummings S, Sveen L, Fackenthal J, Schumm P, Olopade OI. Prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations among clinic-based African American families with breast cancer. Hum Genet. 2000 Aug; 107(2):186-91.
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      353. Cummings SR, Bauer DC. Do statins prevent both cardiovascular disease and fracture? JAMA. 2000 Jun 28; 283(24):3255-7.
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      354. Cummings SR, Palermo L, Browner W, Marcus R, Wallace R, Pearson J, Blackwell T, Eckert S, Black D. Monitoring osteoporosis therapy with bone densitometry: misleading changes and regression to the mean. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. JAMA. 2000 Mar 8; 283(10):1318-21.
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      355. Ensrud KE, Duong T, Cauley JA, Heaney RP, Wolf RL, Harris E, Cummings SR. Low fractional calcium absorption increases the risk for hip fracture in women with low calcium intake. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Mar 7; 132(5):345-53.
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      356. Cosman F, Cummings S, Lindsay R. How long should patients with osteoporosis be treated with bisphosphanates? J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2000 Mar; 9(2):81-4.
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      357. Sarkisian CA, Liu H, Gutierrez PR, Seeley DG, Cummings SR, Mangione CM. Modifiable risk factors predict functional decline among older women: a prospectively validated clinical prediction tool. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Feb; 48(2):170-8.
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      358. Gregg EW, Yaffe K, Cauley JA, Rolka DB, Blackwell TL, Narayan KM, Cummings SR. Is diabetes associated with cognitive impairment and cognitive decline among older women? Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 24; 160(2):174-80.
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      359. Nevitt MC, Thompson DE, Black DM, Rubin SR, Ensrud K, Yates AJ, Cummings SR. Effect of alendronate on limited-activity days and bed-disability days caused by back pain in postmenopausal women with existing vertebral fractures. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 10; 160(1):77-85.
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      360. Fox KM, Cummings SR, Williams E, Stone K. Femoral neck and intertrochanteric fractures have different risk factors: a prospective study. Osteoporos Int. 2000; 11(12):1018-23.
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      361. Kerlikowske K, Salzmann P, Phillips KA, Cauley JA, Cummings SR. Continuing screening mammography in women aged 70 to 79 years: impact on life expectancy and cost-effectiveness. JAMA. 1999 Dec 8; 282(22):2156-63.
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      362. Ensrud KE, Stone K, Cauley JA, White C, Zmuda JM, Nguyen TV, Eisman JA, Cummings SR. Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and the risk of fractures in older women. For the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Oct; 14(10):1637-45.
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      363. Ettinger B, Black DM, Mitlak BH, Knickerbocker RK, Nickelsen T, Genant HK, Christiansen C, Delmas PD, Zanchetta JR, Stakkestad J, Glüer CC, Krueger K, Cohen FJ, Eckert S, Ensrud KE, Avioli LV, Lips P, Cummings SR. Reduction of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated with raloxifene: results from a 3-year randomized clinical trial. Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) Investigators. JAMA. 1999 Aug 18; 282(7):637-45.
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      364. Feldman MD, Zhang J, Cummings SR. Chinese and U.S. internists adhere to different ethical standards. J Gen Intern Med. 1999 Aug; 14(8):469-73.
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      365. Bauer DC, Sklarin PM, Stone KL, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Ensrud KE, Arnaud CD, Genant HK, Garnero P, Delmas PD, Lawaetz H, Cummings SR. Biochemical markers of bone turnover and prediction of hip bone loss in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Aug; 14(8):1404-10.
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      366. Cummings SR, Black D, Barrett-Connor E, Scott J, Wallace RB. Alendronate and fracture prevention. JAMA. 1999 Jul 28; 282(4):324-5.
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      367. Arden NK, Nevitt MC, Lane NE, Gore LR, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, Pressman AR, Cummings SR. Osteoarthritis and risk of falls, rates of bone loss, and osteoporotic fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1999 Jul; 42(7):1378-85.
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      368. Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Yaffe K, Kuller LH, Ferrell RE, Wisniewski SR, Cummings SR. Apolipoprotein E polymorphism: A new genetic marker of hip fracture risk--The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jul; 14(7):1175-81.
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      369. Cummings SR, Eckert S, Krueger KA, Grady D, Powles TJ, Cauley JA, Norton L, Nickelsen T, Bjarnason NH, Morrow M, Lippman ME, Black D, Glusman JE, Costa A, Jordan VC. The effect of raloxifene on risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: results from the MORE randomized trial. Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation. JAMA. 1999 Jun 16; 281(23):2189-97.
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      370. Kado DM, Browner WS, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Vertebral fractures and mortality in older women: a prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Jun 14; 159(11):1215-20.
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      371. Hochberg MC, Ross PD, Black D, Cummings SR, Genant HK, Nevitt MC, Barrett-Connor E, Musliner T, Thompson D. Larger increases in bone mineral density during alendronate therapy are associated with a lower risk of new vertebral fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1999 Jun; 42(6):1246-54.
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      372. Black DM, Arden NK, Palermo L, Pearson J, Cummings SR. Prevalent vertebral deformities predict hip fractures and new vertebral deformities but not wrist fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 May; 14(5):821-8.
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      373. Lane NE, Gore LR, Cummings SR, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, Williams EN, Nevitt MC. Serum vitamin D levels and incident changes of radiographic hip osteoarthritis: a longitudinal study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1999 May; 42(5):854-60.
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      374. Baltzan MA, Suissa S, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Hip fractures attributable to corticosteroid use. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Group. Lancet. 1999 Apr 17; 353(9161):1327.
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      375. Alloggiamento T, Cummings SR, Redberg RF. Do cardiologists and general internists differ in testing and treating patients with aortic stenosis or mitral regurgitation? A preliminary study with editorial perspective. Am Heart J. 1999 Apr; 137(4 Pt 1):596-600.
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      376. Browner WS, Pressman AR, Lui LY, Cummings SR. Association between serum fructosamine and mortality in elderly women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Mar 1; 149(5):471-5.
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      377. Cauley JA, Lucas FL, Kuller LH, Stone K, Browner W, Cummings SR. Elevated serum estradiol and testosterone concentrations are associated with a high risk for breast cancer. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Feb 16; 130(4 Pt 1):270-7.
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      378. Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Christensen L, Cummings SR. Defining incident vertebral deformity: a prospective comparison of several approaches. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jan; 14(1):90-101.
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      379. Jamal SA, Stone K, Browner WS, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR. Serum fructosamine level and the risk of hip fracture in elderly women: a case-cohort study within the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Med. 1998 Dec; 105(6):488-93.
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      380. Cummings SR, Black DM, Thompson DE, Applegate WB, Barrett-Connor E, Musliner TA, Palermo L, Prineas R, Rubin SM, Scott JC, Vogt T, Wallace R, Yates AJ, LaCroix AZ. Effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with low bone density but without vertebral fractures: results from the Fracture Intervention Trial. JAMA. 1998 Dec 23-30; 280(24):2077-82.
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      381. Jamal SA, Browner WS, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Intermittent use of nitrates increases bone mineral density: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1998 Nov; 13(11):1755-9.
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      382. Cummings SR, Browner WS, Bauer D, Stone K, Ensrud K, Jamal S, Ettinger B. Endogenous hormones and the risk of hip and vertebral fractures among older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1998 Sep 10; 339(11):733-8.
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      383. Cummings S, Olopade O. Predisposition testing for inherited breast cancer. Oncology (Williston Park). 1998 Aug; 12(8):1227-41; discussion 1241-2.
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      384. Ettinger B, Pressman A, Sklarin P, Bauer DC, Cauley JA, Cummings SR. Associations between low levels of serum estradiol, bone density, and fractures among elderly women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Jul; 83(7):2239-43.
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      385. Stone K, Bauer DC, Black DM, Sklarin P, Ensrud KE, Cummings SR. Hormonal predictors of bone loss in elderly women: a prospective study. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1998 Jul; 13(7):1167-74.
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      386. Lucas FL, Cauley JA, Stone RA, Cummings SR, Vogt MT, Weissfeld JL, Kuller LH. Bone mineral density and risk of breast cancer: differences by family history of breast cancer. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Jul 1; 148(1):22-9.
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      387. Frank TS, Manley SA, Olopade OI, Cummings S, Garber JE, Bernhardt B, Antman K, Russo D, Wood ME, Mullineau L, Isaacs C, Peshkin B, Buys S, Venne V, Rowley PT, Loader S, Offit K, Robson M, Hampel H, Brener D, Winer EP, Clark S, Weber B, Strong LC, Thomas A, et al. Sequence analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2: correlation of mutations with family history and ovarian cancer risk. J Clin Oncol. 1998 Jul; 16(7):2417-25.
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      388. Yaffe K, Grady D, Pressman A, Cummings S. Serum estrogen levels, cognitive performance, and risk of cognitive decline in older community women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Jul; 46(7):816-21.
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      389. Nevitt MC, Ettinger B, Black DM, Stone K, Jamal SA, Ensrud K, Segal M, Genant HK, Cummings SR. The association of radiographically detected vertebral fractures with back pain and function: a prospective study. Ann Intern Med. 1998 May 15; 128(10):793-800.
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      390. Jamal SA, Browner WS, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. Warfarin use and risk for osteoporosis in elderly women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1998 May 15; 128(10):829-32.
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      391. Yaffe K, Ettinger B, Pressman A, Seeley D, Whooley M, Schaefer C, Cummings S. Neuropsychiatric function and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in elderly women: a prospective study. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 May 1; 43(9):694-700.
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      392. Cummings SR. Prevention of hip fractures in older women: a population-based perspective. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8 Suppl 1:S8-12.
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      393. Fox KM, Cummings SR, Powell-Threets K, Stone K. Family history and risk of osteoporotic fracture. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8(6):557-62.
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      394. Barrett-Connor E, Gore R, Browner WS, Cummings SR. Prevention of osteoporotic hip fracture: global versus high-risk strategies. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8 Suppl 1:S2-7.
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      395. Whooley MA, Grady D, Cummings SR. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and mortality. N Engl J Med. 1997 Nov 6; 337(19):1389-90; author reply 1391.
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      396. Ensrud KE, Lipschutz RC, Cauley JA, Seeley D, Nevitt MC, Scott J, Orwoll ES, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Body size and hip fracture risk in older women: a prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Med. 1997 Oct; 103(4):274-80.
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      397. Cummings SR, Ling X, Stone K. Consequences of foot binding among older women in Beijing, China. Am J Public Health. 1997 Oct; 87(10):1677-9.
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      398. Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Basen-Engquist K, Wetter DW, Cummings S, Martineau DS, Prokhorov AV, Chorley J, Beech B, Hergenroeder AC. Transitions out of high school: time of increased cancer risk? Prev Med. 1997 Sep-Oct; 26(5 Pt 1):694-703.
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      399. Cummings SR, Tripp MK, Herrmann NB. Approaches to the prevention and control of skin cancer. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 1997 Sep-Dec; 16(3-4):309-27.
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      400. Ensrud KE, Black DM, Harris F, Ettinger B, Cummings SR. Correlates of kyphosis in older women. The Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Jun; 45(6):682-7.
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      401. Lane NE, Bauer DC, Nevitt MC, Pressman AR, Cummings SR. Aspirin and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug use in elderly women: effects on a marker of bone resorption. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Rheumatol. 1997 Jun; 24(6):1132-6.
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      402. Cranney A, Tugwell P, Cummings S, Sambrook P, Adachi J, Silman AJ, Gillespie WJ, Felson DT, Shea B, Wells G. Osteoporosis clinical trials endpoints: candidate variables and clinimetric properties. J Rheumatol. 1997 Jun; 24(6):1222-9.
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      403. Cumming RG, Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Scott J, Ensrud KE, Vogt TM, Fox K. Calcium intake and fracture risk: results from the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 May 15; 145(10):926-34.
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      404. Gao Q, Neuhausen S, Cummings S, Luce M, Olopade OI. Recurrent germ-line BRCA1 mutations in extended African American families with early-onset breast cancer. Am J Hum Genet. 1997 May; 60(5):1233-6.
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      405. Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Lipschutz R, Cummings SR. Weight change and fractures in older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1997 Apr 28; 157(8):857-63.
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      406. Kuller LH, Cauley JA, Lucas L, Cummings S, Browner WS. Sex steroid hormones, bone mineral density, and risk of breast cancer. Environ Health Perspect. 1997 Apr; 105 Suppl 3:593-9.
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      407. Ettinger B, Sidney S, Cummings SR, Libanati C, Bikle DD, Tekawa IS, Tolan K, Steiger P. Racial differences in bone density between young adult black and white subjects persist after adjustment for anthropometric, lifestyle, and biochemical differences. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Feb; 82(2):429-34.
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      408. Cumming RG, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Epidemiology of hip fractures. Epidemiol Rev. 1997; 19(2):244-57.
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      409. Cummings SR, Raisz LG. Hip fracture. N Engl J Med. 1996 Dec 26; 335(26):1994; author reply 1995-6.
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      410. Black DM, Cummings SR, Karpf DB, Cauley JA, Thompson DE, Nevitt MC, Bauer DC, Genant HK, Haskell WL, Marcus R, Ott SM, Torner JC, Quandt SA, Reiss TF, Ensrud KE. Randomised trial of effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with existing vertebral fractures. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. Lancet. 1996 Dec 7; 348(9041):1535-41.
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      411. Cauley JA, Lucas FL, Kuller LH, Vogt MT, Browner WS, Cummings SR. Bone mineral density and risk of breast cancer in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. JAMA. 1996 Nov 6; 276(17):1404-8.
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      412. Xu L, Lu A, Zhao X, Chen X, Cummings SR. Very low rates of hip fracture in Beijing, People's Republic of China the Beijing Osteoporosis Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Nov 1; 144(9):901-7.
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      413. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Lane NE, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, Pressman AR, Genant HK, Cauley JA. Association of estrogen replacement therapy with the risk of osteoarthritis of the hip in elderly white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Oct 14; 156(18):2073-80.
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      414. Browner WS, Pressman AR, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Mortality following fractures in older women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Jul 22; 156(14):1521-5.
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      415. Genant HK, Jergas M, Palermo L, Nevitt M, Valentin RS, Black D, Cummings SR. Comparison of semiquantitative visual and quantitative morphometric assessment of prevalent and incident vertebral fractures in osteoporosis The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1996 Jul; 11(7):984-96.
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      416. Glüer CC, Cummings SR, Bauer DC, Stone K, Pressman A, Mathur A, Genant HK. Osteoporosis: association of recent fractures with quantitative US findings. Radiology. 1996 Jun; 199(3):725-32.
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      417. Lu Y, Mathur AK, Blunt BA, Gluer CC, Will AS, Fuerst TP, Jergas MD, Andriano KN, Cummings SR, Genant HK. Dual X-ray absorptiometry quality control: comparison of visual examination and process-control charts. J Bone Miner Res. 1996 May; 11(5):626-37.
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      418. Cummings SR. Treatable and untreatable risk factors for hip fracture. Bone. 1996 Mar; 18(3 Suppl):165S-167S.
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      419. Cummings SR. Treatment thresholds for preventive therapy: a simplified example of therapy for prevention of hip fractures. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1996; 103:101-7.
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      420. Ensrud KE, Palermo L, Black DM, Cauley J, Jergas M, Orwoll ES, Nevitt MC, Fox KM, Cummings SR. Hip and calcaneal bone loss increase with advancing age: longitudinal results from the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Nov; 10(11):1778-87.
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      421. Hodge FS, Cummings S, Fredericks L, Kipnis P, Williams M, Teehee K. Prevalence of smoking among adult American Indian clinic users in northern California. Prev Med. 1995 Sep; 24(5):441-6.
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      422. Nevitt MC, Lane NE, Scott JC, Hochberg MC, Pressman AR, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Radiographic osteoarthritis of the hip and bone mineral density. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arthritis Rheum. 1995 Jul; 38(7):907-16.
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      423. Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Epstein R, San Valentin R, Cummings SR. Comparison of methods for defining prevalent vertebral deformities: the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Jun; 10(6):890-902.
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      424. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Stone K, Fox KM, Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Black D, Vogt TM. Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1995 Mar 23; 332(12):767-73.
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      425. Faulkner KG, Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Pressman A, Jergas M, Genant HK. Hip axis length and osteoporotic fractures. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Mar; 10(3):506-8.
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      426. Midmer D, Wilson L, Cummings S. A randomized, controlled trial of the influence of prenatal parenting education on postpartum anxiety and marital adjustment. Fam Med. 1995 Mar; 27(3):200-5.
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      427. Cummings SR, Black D. Bone mass measurements and risk of fracture in Caucasian women: a review of findings from prospective studies. Am J Med. 1995 Feb 27; 98(2A):24S-28S.
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      428. Seeley DG, Cauley JA, Grady D, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Is postmenopausal estrogen therapy associated with neuromuscular function or falling in elderly women? Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Feb 13; 155(3):293-9.
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      429. Lane NE, Pressman AR, Star VL, Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. Rheumatoid arthritis and bone mineral density in elderly women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Feb; 10(2):257-63.
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      430. Fox KM, Cummings SR. Is tubal ligation a risk factor for low bone density and increased risk of fracture? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Jan; 172(1 Pt 1):101-5.
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      431. Cauley JA, Seeley DG, Ensrud K, Ettinger B, Black D, Cummings SR. Estrogen replacement therapy and fractures in older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Jan 1; 122(1):9-16.
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      432. Nelson HD, Nevitt MC, Scott JC, Stone KL, Cummings SR. Smoking, alcohol, and neuromuscular and physical function of older women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. JAMA. 1994 Dec 21; 272(23):1825-31.
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      433. Nevitt MC, Johnell O, Black DM, Ensrud K, Genant HK, Cummings SR. Bone mineral density predicts non-spine fractures in very elderly women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Nov; 4(6):325-31.
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      434. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. Falls. N Engl J Med. 1994 Sep 29; 331(13):872-3.
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      435. Cummings SR, Marcus R, Palermo L, Ensrud KE, Genant HK. Does estimating volumetric bone density of the femoral neck improve the prediction of hip fracture? A prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1994 Sep; 9(9):1429-32.
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      436. Cummings SR, Xu L, Chen X, Zhao X, Yu W, Ge Q. Bone mass, rates of osteoporotic fractures, and prevention of fractures: are there differences between China and Western countries? Chin Med Sci J. 1994 Sep; 9(3):197-200.
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      437. Steiger P, Cummings SR, Genant HK, Weiss H. Morphometric X-ray absorptiometry of the spine: correlation in vivo with morphometric radiography. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Sep; 4(5):238-44.
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      438. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Type of fall and risk of hip and wrist fractures: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 Aug; 42(8):909.
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      439. Faulkner KG, McClung M, Cummings SR. Automated evaluation of hip axis length for predicting hip fracture. J Bone Miner Res. 1994 Jul; 9(7):1065-70.
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      440. Cummings SR, Cauley JA, Palermo L, Ross PD, Wasnich RD, Black D, Faulkner KG. Racial differences in hip axis lengths might explain racial differences in rates of hip fracture. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Jul; 4(4):226-9.
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      441. Glüer CC, Cummings SR, Pressman A, Li J, Glüer K, Faulkner KG, Grampp S, Genant HK. Prediction of hip fractures from pelvic radiographs: the study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1994 May; 9(5):671-7.
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      442. Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC, Yunis C, Cauley JA, Seeley DG, Fox KM, Cummings SR. Correlates of impaired function in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 May; 42(5):481-9.
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      443. Carlson S, Sonnenberg LM, Cummings S. Dieting readiness test predicts completion in a short-term weight loss program. J Am Diet Assoc. 1994 May; 94(5):552-4.
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      444. Ettinger B, Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Melnikoff S, Cummings SR. Kyphosis in older women and its relation to back pain, disability and osteopenia: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporos Int. 1994 Jan; 4(1):55-60.
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      445. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. Non-skeletal determinants of fractures: the potential importance of the mechanics of falls. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoporos Int. 1994; 4 Suppl 1:67-70.
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      446. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Type of fall and risk of hip and wrist fractures: the study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Nov; 41(11):1226-34.
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      447. Faulkner KG, Cummings SR, Black D, Palermo L, Glüer CC, Genant HK. Simple measurement of femoral geometry predicts hip fracture: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 1993 Oct; 8(10):1211-7.
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      448. Fox KM, Magaziner J, Sherwin R, Scott JC, Plato CC, Nevitt M, Cummings S. Reproductive correlates of bone mass in elderly women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1993 Aug; 8(8):901-8.
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      449. Browner WS, Pressman AR, Nevitt MC, Cauley JA, Cummings SR. Association between low bone density and stroke in elderly women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. Stroke. 1993 Jul; 24(7):940-6.
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      450. Bauer DC, Browner WS, Cauley JA, Orwoll ES, Scott JC, Black DM, Tao JL, Cummings SR. Factors associated with appendicular bone mass in older women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993 May 1; 118(9):657-65.
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      451. Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Seeley DG, Black D, Browner W, Kuller LH, Nevitt MC. Effects of thiazide diuretic therapy on bone mass, fractures, and falls. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993 May 1; 118(9):666-73.
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      452. Cummings SR, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Browner W, Cauley J, Ensrud K, Genant HK, Palermo L, Scott J, Vogt TM. Bone density at various sites for prediction of hip fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Lancet. 1993 Jan 9; 341(8837):72-5.
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      453. Cummings SR. Bone mass and bone loss in the elderly: a special case? Int J Fertil Menopausal Stud. 1993; 38 Suppl 2:92-7.
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      454. Black DM, Reiss TF, Nevitt MC, Cauley J, Karpf D, Cummings SR. Design of the Fracture Intervention Trial. Osteoporos Int. 1993; 3 Suppl 3:S29-39.
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      455. Grady D, Rubin SM, Petitti DB, Fox CS, Black D, Ettinger B, Ernster VL, Cummings SR. Hormone therapy to prevent disease and prolong life in postmenopausal women. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Dec 15; 117(12):1016-37.
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      456. Duncan CL, Cummings SR, Hudes ES, Zahnd E, Coates TJ. Quitting smoking: reasons for quitting and predictors of cessation among medical patients. J Gen Intern Med. 1992 Jul-Aug; 7(4):398-404.
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      457. Sanchez-Menegay C, Hudes ES, Cummings SR. Patient expectations and satisfaction with medical care for upper respiratory infections. J Gen Intern Med. 1992 Jul-Aug; 7(4):432-4.
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      458. Rubin SM, Cummings SR. Results of bone densitometry affect women's decisions about taking measures to prevent fractures. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Jun 15; 116(12 Pt 1):990-5.
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      459. Black DM, Cummings SR, Genant HK, Nevitt MC, Palermo L, Browner W. Axial and appendicular bone density predict fractures in older women. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Jun; 7(6):633-8.
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      460. Steiger P, Cummings SR, Black DM, Spencer NE, Genant HK. Age-related decrements in bone mineral density in women over 65. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Jun; 7(6):625-32.
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      461. Black DM, Cummings SR, Melton LJ. Appendicular bone mineral and a woman's lifetime risk of hip fracture. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Jun; 7(6):639-46.
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      462. Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC, Yunis C, Hulley SB, Grimm RH, Cummings SR. Postural hypotension and postural dizziness in elderly women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med. 1992 May; 152(5):1058-64.
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      463. Ettinger B, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Rundle AC, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Genant HK. Contribution of vertebral deformities to chronic back pain and disability. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Apr; 7(4):449-56.
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      464. Kelsey JL, Browner WS, Seeley DG, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR. Risk factors for fractures of the distal forearm and proximal humerus. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Mar 1; 135(5):477-89.
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      465. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Browner WS, Seeley DG, Cauley JA, Vogt TM, Black DM. The accuracy of self-report of fractures in elderly women: evidence from a prospective study. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Mar 1; 135(5):490-9.
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      466. Eichner JE, Cauley JA, Ferrell RE, Cummings SR, Kuller LH. Genetic variation in two bone-related proteins: is there an association with bone mineral density or skeletal size in postmenopausal women? Genet Epidemiol. 1992; 9(3):177-84.
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      467. Cummings SR. Prevention of osteoporotic fractures: what we need to know. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1991 Dec; 5(4):935-42.
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      468. Seeley DG, Browner WS, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Scott JC, Cummings SR. Which fractures are associated with low appendicular bone mass in elderly women? The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Dec 1; 115(11):837-42.
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      469. Cummings SR. Evaluating the benefits and risks of postmenopausal hormone therapy. Am J Med. 1991 Nov 25; 91(5B):14S-18S.
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      470. Grady D, Halloran B, Cummings S, Leveille S, Wells L, Black D, Byl N. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and muscle strength in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1991 Nov; 73(5):1111-7.
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      471. Smith-Bindman R, Steiger P, Cummings SR, Genant HK. The index of radiographic area (IRA): a new approach to estimating the severity of vertebral deformity. Bone Miner. 1991 Nov; 15(2):137-49.
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      472. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Hudes ES. Risk factors for injurious falls: a prospective study. J Gerontol. 1991 Sep; 46(5):M164-70.
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      473. Browner WS, Seeley DG, Vogt TM, Cummings SR. Non-trauma mortality in elderly women with low bone mineral density. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Lancet. 1991 Aug 10; 338(8763):355-8.
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      474. Black DM, Cummings SR, Stone K, Hudes E, Palermo L, Steiger P. A new approach to defining normal vertebral dimensions. J Bone Miner Res. 1991 Aug; 6(8):883-92.
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      475. Duncan C, Stein MJ, Cummings SR. Staff involvement and special follow-up time increase physicians' counseling about smoking cessation: a controlled trial. Am J Public Health. 1991 Jul; 81(7):899-901.
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      476. Cummings SR. Epidemiologic studies of osteoporotic fractures: methodologic issues. Calcif Tissue Int. 1991; 49 Suppl:S15-20.
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      477. Mangione CM, Gerberding JL, Cummings SR. Occupational exposure to HIV: frequency and rates of underreporting of percutaneous and mucocutaneous exposures by medical housestaff. Am J Med. 1991 Jan; 90(1):85-90.
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      478. Smith-Bindman R, Cummings SR, Steiger P, Genant HK. A comparison of morphometric definitions of vertebral fracture. J Bone Miner Res. 1991 Jan; 6(1):25-34.
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      479. Rubin SM, Sidney S, Black DM, Browner WS, Hulley SB, Cummings SR. High blood cholesterol in elderly men and the excess risk for coronary heart disease. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Dec 15; 113(12):916-20.
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      480. Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Black DM, Mascioli SR, Seeley DG. Prevalence and determinants of estrogen replacement therapy in elderly women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Nov; 163(5 Pt 1):1438-44.
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      481. Cummings SR, Browner WS, Grady D, Ettinger B. Should prescription of postmenopausal hormone therapy be based on the results of bone densitometry? Ann Intern Med. 1990 Oct 15; 113(8):565-7.
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      482. Krumholz HM, Cummings S, York M. Blood culture phlebotomy: switching needles does not prevent contamination. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Aug 15; 113(4):290-2.
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      483. Vander Martin R, Cummings SR, Coates TJ. Ethnicity and smoking: differences in white, black, Hispanic, and Asian medical patients who smoke. Am J Prev Med. 1990 Jul-Aug; 6(4):194-9.
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      484. Cummings SR, Rubin SM, Black D. The future of hip fractures in the United States. Numbers, costs, and potential effects of postmenopausal estrogen. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1990 Mar; (252):163-6.
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      485. Zahnd EG, Coates TJ, Richard RJ, Cummings SR. Counseling medical patients about cigarette smoking: a comparison of the impact of training on nurse practitioners and physicians. Nurse Pract. 1990 Mar; 15(3):10-3, 17-8.
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      486. Cummings SR, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Cauley JA, Genant HK, Mascioli SR, Scott JC, Seeley DG, Steiger P, et al. Appendicular bone density and age predict hip fracture in women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. JAMA. 1990 Feb 2; 263(5):665-8.
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      487. Cummings SR, Black DM, Rubin SM. Lifetime risks of hip, Colles', or vertebral fracture and coronary heart disease among white postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Nov; 149(11):2445-8.
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      488. Cummings SR, Richard RJ, Duncan CL, Hansen B, Vander Martin R, Gerbert B, Coates TJ. Training physicians about smoking cessation: a controlled trial in private practice. J Gen Intern Med. 1989 Nov-Dec; 4(6):482-9.
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      489. Guralnik JM, Branch LG, Cummings SR, Curb JD. Physical performance measures in aging research. J Gerontol. 1989 Sep; 44(5):M141-6.
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      490. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. A hypothesis: the causes of hip fractures. J Gerontol. 1989 Jul; 44(4):M107-11.
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      491. Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Kidd S, Black D. Risk factors for recurrent nonsyncopal falls. A prospective study. JAMA. 1989 May 12; 261(18):2663-8.
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      492. Cummings SR, Coates TJ, Richard RJ, Hansen B, Zahnd EG, VanderMartin R, Duncan C, Gerbert B, Martin A, Stein MJ. Training physicians in counseling about smoking cessation. A randomized trial of the "Quit for Life" program. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Apr 15; 110(8):640-7.
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      493. Cummings SR, Stein MJ, Hansen B, Richard RJ, Gerbert B, Coates TJ. Smoking counseling and preventive medicine. A survey of internists in private practices and a health maintenance organization. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Feb; 149(2):345-9.
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      494. Cummings SR, Rubin SM, Oster G. The cost-effectiveness of counseling smokers to quit. JAMA. 1989 Jan 6; 261(1):75-9.
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      495. Gerbert B, Coates T, Zahnd E, Richard RJ, Cummings SR. Dentists as smoking cessation counselors. J Am Dent Assoc. 1989 Jan; 118(1):29-32.
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      496. Ettinger B, Block JE, Smith R, Cummings SR, Harris ST, Genant HK. An examination of the association between vertebral deformities, physical disabilities and psychosocial problems. Maturitas. 1988 Dec; 10(4):283-96.
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      497. Cummings SR, Hansen B, Richard RJ, Stein MJ, Coates TJ. Internists and nicotine gum. JAMA. 1988 Sep 16; 260(11):1565-9.
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      498. Cummings SR, Phillips SL, Wheat ME, Black D, Goosby E, Wlodarczyk D, Trafton P, Jergesen H, Winograd CH, Hulley SB. Recovery of function after hip fracture. The role of social supports. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Sep; 36(9):801-6.
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      499. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Kidd S. Forgetting falls. The limited accuracy of recall of falls in the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jul; 36(7):613-6.
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      500. Cummings S, Seybold V. Relationship of alpha-1- and alpha-2-adrenergic-binding sites to regions of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus containing corticotropin-releasing factor and vasopressin neurons. Neuroendocrinology. 1988 Jun; 47(6):523-32.
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      501. Cummings SR, Richard RJ. Optimum cutoff points for biochemical validation of smoking status. Am J Public Health. 1988 May; 78(5):574-5.
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      502. Cummings SR, Block G, McHenry K, Baron RB. Evaluation of two food frequency methods of measuring dietary calcium intake. Am J Epidemiol. 1987 Nov; 126(5):796-802.
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      503. Melton LJ, Cummings SR. Heterogeneity of age-related fractures: implications for epidemiology. Bone Miner. 1987 Jul; 2(4):321-31.
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      504. Ernster VL, Cummings SR. Progesterone and breast cancer. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Nov; 68(5):715-7.
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      505. Cummings SR, Lillington GA, Richard RJ. Estimating the probability of malignancy in solitary pulmonary nodules. A Bayesian approach. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Sep; 134(3):449-52.
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      506. Cummings SR, Lillington GA, Richard RJ. Managing solitary pulmonary nodules. The choice of strategy is a "close call". Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Sep; 134(3):453-60.
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      507. Cummings SR, Black D. Should perimenopausal women be screened for osteoporosis? Ann Intern Med. 1986 Jun; 104(6):817-23.
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      508. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Haber RJ. Prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. West J Med. 1985 Nov; 143(5):684-7.
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      509. Cummings SR. Are patients with hip fractures more osteoporotic? Review of the evidence. Am J Med. 1985 Mar; 78(3):487-94.
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      510. Cummings SR, Kelsey JL, Nevitt MC, O'Dowd KJ. Epidemiology of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Epidemiol Rev. 1985; 7:178-208.
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      511. Cummings SR. Kicking the habit: benefits and methods of quitting cigarette smoking. West J Med. 1982 Nov; 137(5):443-7.
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      512. Cummings S, Heinecken P, Feigenbaum P. Utility of the fluorescent antinuclear antibody test. Ann Intern Med. 1982 Feb; 96(2):258-9.
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