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    Esteban G. Burchard, MD, MPH

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Pharmacy
    DepartmentBioengineering
    Address1550 4th Street, Bldg 19B
    San Francisco CA 94158
    Phone415-514-9677

       Biography 
       Awards and Honors
      2013Guest Speaker, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Washington D.C.
      2012American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) Documentary featuring our research. New York City
      2011Athletic Hall of Fame, San Francisco State University
      2010Guest Speaker, NPR’s Science Friday, hosted by Ira Flatow
      2009American Society of Clinical Investigation (ASCI), inducted member
      2009Guest Speaker, Tavis Smiley Show
      2008NIH Study Section Member, Genetics of Health and Disease (GHD)
      2005 - 2010RWJ Amos Medical Faculty Development Award
      San Francisco State University1988 - 1989National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Div. II Academic All-American, Wrestling
      1987California State Espoir Freestyle Wrestling Finalist, 2nd place finish

       Overview 
       Overview
      Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. In the U.S., childhood asthma prevalence is highest among Puerto Ricans (18.4%), followed by Blacks (14.6%), Whites (8.2%) and Mexicans (4.8%). These disparities extend to asthma mortality, which is four-fold higher in Puerto Ricans and African Americans compared to Mexican Americans. There are marked differences in drug response to asthma therapies between racial and ethnic groups, which contribute to health disparities in asthma morbidity and mortality. Albuterol, a short-acting ß2-agonist, is the most commonly prescribed asthma medication in the world. We and others have demonstrated that Puerto Rican and African American children with asthma were significantly less responsive to albuterol than European American children. In addition, long-acting ß2-agonist (LABA) usage has been associated with increased mortality among African American subjects. These findings suggest that poor response to asthma therapies contributes to health disparities in asthma morbidity and mortality. Racial/ethnic differences in drug response are partially explained by genetic differences. We study the interplay between genes and the environment to determine the root causes of asthma health disparities in children and adolescents to identify and develop targeted interventions to improve asthma outcomes.

      I work in collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team of investigators from several Universities, which includes scientists with expertise in epidemiology, biostatistics, medicine, molecular and cell biology and genomics. Using tools from these disciplines, we perform comprehensive research (genetic, social and environmental) designed to untangle why populations differ in health and disease. We have leveraged the rich ancestry of racially mixed (admixed) populations to untangle complex gene-environment interactions for health and disease. We have developed specific expertise in population-based genetic studies in admixed populations. Most importantly, we are working to ensure that modern advances in research will benefit all populations.


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       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Campbell CD, Mohajeri K, Malig M, Hormozdiari F, Nelson B, Du G, Patterson KM, Eng C, Torgerson DG, Hu D, Herman C, Chong JX, Ko A, O'Roak BJ, Krumm N, Vives L, Lee C, Roth LA, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Rodriguez-Santana J, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Davis A, Meade K, LeNoir MA, Thyne S, Jackson DJ, Gern JE, Lemanske RF, Shendure J, Abney M, Burchard EG, Ober C, Eichler EE. Whole-genome sequencing of individuals from a founder population identifies candidate genes for asthma. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e104396.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Bunyavanich S, Schadt EE, Himes BE, Lasky-Su J, Qiu W, Lazarus R, Ziniti JP, Cohain A, Linderman M, Torgerson DG, Eng CS, Pino-Yanes M, Padhukasahasram B, Yang JJ, Mathias RA, Beaty TH, Li X, Graves P, Romieu I, Navarro Bdel R, Salam MT, Vora H, Nicolae DL, Ober C, Martinez FD, Bleecker ER, Meyers DA, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland F, Burchard EG, Barnes KC, Williams LK, London SJ, Zhang B, Raby BA, Weiss ST. Integrated genome-wide association, coexpression network, and expression single nucleotide polymorphism analysis identifies novel pathway in allergic rhinitis. BMC Med Genomics. 2014; 7(1):48.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Levin AM, Wang Y, Wells KE, Padhukasahasram B, Yang JJ, Burchard EG, Williams LK. Nocturnal asthma and the importance of race/ethnicity and genetic ancestry. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Aug 1; 190(3):266-73.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Loth DW, Artigas MS, Gharib SA, Wain LV, Franceschini N, Koch B, Pottinger TD, Smith AV, Duan Q, Oldmeadow C, Lee MK, Strachan DP, James AL, Huffman JE, Vitart V, Ramasamy A, Wareham NJ, Kaprio J, Wang XQ, Trochet H, Kähönen M, Flexeder C, Albrecht E, Lopez LM, de Jong K, Thyagarajan B, Alves AC, Enroth S, Omenaas E, Joshi PK, Fall T, Viñuela A, Launer LJ, Loehr LR, Fornage M, Li G, Wilk JB, Tang W, Manichaikul A, Lahousse L, Harris TB, North KE, Rudnicka AR, Hui J, Gu X, Lumley T, Wright AF, Hastie ND, Campbell S, Kumar R, Pin I, Scott RA, Pietiläinen KH, Surakka I, Liu Y, Holliday EG, Schulz H, Heinrich J, Davies G, Vonk JM, Wojczynski M, Pouta A, Johansson A, Wild SH, Ingelsson E, Rivadeneira F, Völzke H, Hysi PG, Eiriksdottir G, Morrison AC, Rotter JI, Gao W, Postma DS, White WB, Rich SS, Hofman A, Aspelund T, Couper D, Smith LJ, Psaty BM, Lohman K, Burchard EG, Uitterlinden AG, Garcia M, Joubert BR, McArdle WL, Musk AB, Hansel N, Heckbert SR, Zgaga L, van Meurs JB, Navarro P, Rudan I, Oh YM, Redline S, Jarvis DL, Zhao JH, Rantanen T, O'Connor GT, Ripatti S, Scott RJ, Karrasch S, Grallert H, Gaddis NC, Starr JM, Wijmenga C, Minster RL, Lederer DJ, Pekkanen J, Gyllensten U, Campbell H, Morris AP, Gläser S, Hammond CJ, Burkart KM, Beilby J, Kritchevsky SB, Gudnason V, Hancock DB, Williams OD, Polasek O, Zemunik T, Kolcic I, Petrini MF, Wjst M, Kim WJ, Porteous DJ, Scotland G, Smith BH, Viljanen A, Heliövaara M, Attia JR, Sayers I, Hampel R, Gieger C, Deary IJ, Boezen HM, Newman A, Jarvelin MR, Wilson JF, Lind L, Stricker BH, Teumer A, Spector TD, Melén E, Peters MJ, Lange LA, Barr RG, Bracke KR, Verhamme FM, Sung J, Hiemstra PS, Cassano PA, Sood A, Hayward C, Dupuis J, Hall IP, Brusselle GG, Tobin MD, London SJ. Genome-wide association analysis identifies six new loci associated with forced vital capacity. Nat Genet. 2014 Jul; 46(7):669-77.
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      5. Andrés Moreno-Estrada, Christopher R. Gignoux, Juan Carlos Fernández-López, Fouad Zakharia, Martin Sikora, Alejandra V. Contreras, Victor Acuña-Alonzo,Karla Sandoval Celeste Eng, Sandra Romero-Hidalgo, Patricia Ortiz-Tello, Victoria Robles, Eimear E. Kenny1, Ismael Nuño-Arana, Rodrigo Barquera-Lozano, Gastón Macín-Pérez, Julio Granados-Arriola, Scott Huntsman, Joshua M. Galanter, Marc Via, Jean G. Ford, Rocío Chapela, William Rodriguez-Cintron, Jose R. Rodríguez-Santana, Isabelle Romieu, Juan José Sienra-Monge, Blanca del Rio Navarro, Stephanie J. London, Andrés Ruiz-Linares, Rodrigo Garcia-Herrera, Karol Estrada, Alfredo Hidalgo-Miranda, Gerardo Jimenez-Sanchez, Alessandra Carnevale, Xavier Soberón, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Héctor Rangel-Villalobos, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Esteban Gonzalez Burchard, Carlos D. Bustamante. The genetics of Mexico recapitulates Native American substructure and affects biomedical traits. Science. 2014; 344(6189):1280-1285 .
      6. Moreno-Estrada A, Gignoux CR, Fernández-López JC, Zakharia F, Sikora M, Contreras AV, Acuña-Alonzo V, Sandoval K, Eng C, Romero-Hidalgo S, Ortiz-Tello P, Robles V, Kenny EE, Nuño-Arana I, Barquera-Lozano R, Macín-Pérez G, Granados-Arriola J, Huntsman S, Galanter JM, Via M, Ford JG, Chapela R, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Romieu I, Sienra-Monge JJ, del Rio Navarro B, London SJ, Ruiz-Linares A, Garcia-Herrera R, Estrada K, Hidalgo-Miranda A, Jimenez-Sanchez G, Carnevale A, Soberón X, Canizales-Quinteros S, Rangel-Villalobos H, Silva-Zolezzi I, Burchard EG, Bustamante CD. Human genetics. The genetics of Mexico recapitulates Native American substructure and affects biomedical traits. Science. 2014 Jun 13; 344(6189):1280-5.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Thakur N, Martin M, Castellanos E, Oh SS, Roth LA, Eng C, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Davis A, Meade K, LeNoir MA, Farber HJ, Thyne S, Sen S, Bibbins-Domingo K, Borrell LN, Burchard EG. Socioeconomic status and asthma control in African American youth in SAGE II. J Asthma. 2014 Sep; 51(7):720-8.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Myers RA, Scott NM, Gauderman WJ, Qiu W, Mathias RA, Romieu I, Levin AM, Pino-Yanes M, Graves PE, Villarreal AB, Beaty TH, Carey VJ, Croteau-Chonka DC, Del Rio Navarro B, Edlund C, Hernandez-Cadena L, Navarro-Olivos E, Padhukasahasram B, Salam MT, Torgerson DG, Van den Berg DJ, Vora H, Bleecker ER, Meyers DA, Williams LK, Martinez FD, Burchard EG, Barnes KC, Gilliland FD, Weiss ST, London SJ, Raby BA, Ober C, Nicolae DL. Genome-wide interaction studies reveal sex-specific asthma risk alleles. Hum Mol Genet. 2014 Oct 1; 23(19):5251-9.
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      9. Thakur N, McGarry ME, S Oh S, M Galanter J, Finn PW, Burchard EG. The lung corps' approach to reducing health disparities in respiratory disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 May; 11(4):655-60.
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      10. Poole A, Urbanek C, Eng C, Schageman J, Jacobson S, O'Connor BP, Galanter JM, Gignoux CR, Roth LA, Kumar R, Lutz S, Liu AH, Fingerlin TE, Setterquist RA, Burchard EG, Rodriguez-Santana J, Seibold MA. Dissecting childhood asthma with nasal transcriptomics distinguishes subphenotypes of disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Mar; 133(3):670-678.e12.
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      11. Drake KA, Torgerson DG, Gignoux CR, Galanter JM, Roth LA, Huntsman S, Eng C, Oh SS, Yee SW, Lin L, Bustamante CD, Moreno-Estrada A, Sandoval K, Davis A, Borrell LN, Farber HJ, Kumar R, Avila PC, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Chapela R, Ford JG, Lenoir MA, Lurmann F, Meade K, Serebrisky D, Thyne S, Rodríguez-Cintrón W, Sen S, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Hernandez RD, Giacomini KM, Burchard EG. A genome-wide association study of bronchodilator response in Latinos implicates rare variants. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014; 133(2):370-378. e15.
      12. Padhukasahasram B, Yang JJ, Levin AM, Yang M, Burchard EG, Kumar R, Kwok PY, Seibold MA, Lanfear DE, Williams LK. Gene-based association identifies SPATA13-AS1 as a pharmacogenomic predictor of inhaled short-acting beta-agonist response in multiple population groups. Pharmacogenomics J. 2014 Aug; 14(4):365-71.
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      13. Galanter JM, Gignoux CR, Torgerson DG, Roth LA, Eng C, Oh SS, Nguyen EA, Drake KA, Huntsman S, Hu D, Sen S, Davis A, Farber HJ, Avila PC, Brigino-Buenaventura E, LeNoir MA, Meade K, Serebrisky D, Borrell LN, Rodríguez-Cintrón W, Estrada AM, Mendoza KS, Winkler CA, Klitz W, Romieu I, London SJ, Gilliland F, Martinez F, Bustamante C, Williams LK, Kumar R, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Burchard EG. Genome-wide association study and admixture mapping identify different asthma-associated loci in Latinos: The Genes-environments & Admixture in Latino Americans study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Aug; 134(2):295-305.
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      14. Yao TC, Du G, Han L, Sun Y, Hu D, Yang JJ, Mathias R, Roth LA, Rafaels N, Thompson EE, Loisel DA, Anderson R, Eng C, Arruabarrena Orbegozo M, Young M, Klocksieben JM, Anderson E, Shanovich K, Lester LA, Williams LK, Barnes KC, Burchard EG, Nicolae DL, Abney M, Ober C. Genome-wide association study of lung function phenotypes in a founder population. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014; 133(1):248-55.e1-10.
      15. Gravel S, Zakharia F, Moreno-Estrada A, Byrnes JK, Muzzio M, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Kenny EE, Gignoux CR, Maples BK, Guiblet W, Dutil J, Via M, Sandoval K, Bedoya G. Reconstructing native american migrations from whole-genome and whole-exome data. PLoS Genet. 2013 Dec; 9(12):e1004023.
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      16. Perez-Andreu V, Roberts KG, Harvey RC, Yang W, Cheng C, Pei D, Xu H, Gastier-Foster J, E S, Lim JY, Chen IM, Fan Y, Devidas M, Borowitz MJ, Smith C, Neale G, Burchard EG, Torgerson DG, Klussmann FA, Villagran CR, Winick NJ, Camitta BM, Raetz E, Wood B, Yue F, Carroll WL, Larsen E, Bowman WP, Loh ML, Dean M, Bhojwani D, Pui CH, Evans WE, Relling MV, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Mullighan CG, Yang JJ. Inherited GATA3 variants are associated with Ph-like childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and risk of relapse. Nat Genet. 2013; 45(12):1494-8.
      17. Thakur N, Oh SS, Nguyen EA, Martin M, Roth LA, Galanter J, Gignoux CR, Eng C, Davis A, Meade K, Lenoir MA, Avila PC, Farber HJ, Serebrisky D, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Kumar R, Williams LK, Bibbins-Domingo K, Thyne S, Sen S, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Borrell LN, Burchard EG. Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Asthma in Urban Minority Youths. The GALA II and SAGE II Studies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Nov 15; 188(10):1202-9.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Moreno-Estrada A, Gravel S, Zakharia F, McCauley JL, Byrnes JK, Gignoux CR, Ortiz-Tello PA, Martínez RJ, Hedges DJ, Morris RW, Eng C, Sandoval K, Acevedo-Acevedo S, Norman PJ, Layrisse Z, Parham P, Martínez-Cruzado JC, Burchard EG, Cuccaro ML, Martin ER, Bustamante CD. Reconstructing the population genetic history of the Caribbean. PLoS Genet. 2013 Nov; 9(11):e1003925.
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      19. Nishimura KK, Galanter JM, Roth LA, Oh SS, Thakur N, Nguyen EA, Thyne S, Farber HJ, Serebrisky D, Kumar R, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Davis A, LeNoir MA, Meade K, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Avila PC, Borrell LN, Bibbins-Domingo K, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Sen S, Lurmann F, Balmes JR, Burchard EG. Early-life air pollution and asthma risk in minority children. The GALA II and SAGE II studies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Aug 1; 188(3):309-18.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Kumar R, Nguyen EA, Roth LA, Oh SS, Gignoux CR, Huntsman S, Eng C, Moreno-Estrada A, Sandoval K, Peñaloza-Espinosa RI, López-López M, Avila PC, Farber HJ, Tcheurekdjian H, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Serebrisky D, Thyne SM, Williams LK, Winkler C, Bustamante CD, Pérez-Stable EJ, Borrell LN, Burchard EG. Factors associated with degree of atopy in Latino children in a nationwide pediatric sample: the Genes-environments and Admixture in Latino Asthmatics (GALA II) study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013 Oct; 132(4):896-905.e1.
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      21. Pasaniuc B, Sankararaman S, Torgerson DG, Gignoux C, Zaitlen N, Eng C, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Chapela R, Ford JG, Avila PC, Rodriguez-Santana J, Chen GK, Le Marchand L, Henderson B, Reich D, Haiman CA, Gonzàlez Burchard E, Halperin E. Analysis of Latino populations from GALA and MEC studies reveals genomic loci with biased local ancestry estimation. Bioinformatics. 2013 Jun 1; 29(11):1407-15.
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      22. Borrell LN, Nguyen EA, Roth LA, Oh SS, Tcheurekdjian H, Sen S, Davis A, Farber HJ, Avila PC, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Lenoir MA, Lurmann F, Meade K, Serebrisky D, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Kumar R, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Thyne SM, Burchard EG. Childhood obesity and asthma control in the GALA II and SAGE II studies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Apr 1; 187(7):697-702.
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      23. Xu H, Yang W, Perez-Andreu V, Devidas M, Fan Y, Cheng C, Pei D, Scheet P, Burchard EG, Eng C, Huntsman S, Torgerson DG, Dean M, Winick NJ, Martin PL, Camitta BM, Bowman WP, Willman CL, Carroll WL, Mullighan CG, Bhojwani D, Hunger SP, Pui CH, Evans WE, Relling MV, Loh ML, Yang JJ. Novel susceptibility variants at 10p12.31-12.2 for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in ethnically diverse populations. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 May 15; 105(10):733-42.
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      24. Himes BE, Sheppard K, Berndt A, Leme AS, Myers RA, Gignoux CR, Levin AM, Gauderman WJ, Yang JJ, Mathias RA, Romieu I, Torgerson DG, Roth LA, Huntsman S, Eng C, Klanderman B, Ziniti J, Senter-Sylvia J, Szefler SJ, Lemanske RF, Zeiger RS, Strunk RC, Martinez FD, Boushey H, Chinchilli VM, Israel E, Mauger D, Koppelman GH, Postma DS, Nieuwenhuis MA, Vonk JM, Lima JJ, Irvin CG, Peters SP, Kubo M, Tamari M, Nakamura Y, Litonjua AA, Tantisira KG, Raby BA, Bleecker ER, Meyers DA, London SJ, Barnes KC, Gilliland FD, Williams LK, Burchard EG, Nicolae DL, Ober C, DeMeo DL, Silverman EK, Paigen B, Churchill G, Shapiro SD, Weiss ST. Integration of mouse and human genome-wide association data identifies KCNIP4 as an asthma gene. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e56179.
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      25. Levin AM, Mathias RA, Huang L, Roth LA, Daley D, Myers RA, Himes BE, Romieu I, Yang M, Eng C, Park JE, Zoratti K, Gignoux CR, Torgerson DG, Galanter JM, Huntsman S, Nguyen EA, Becker AB, Chan-Yeung M, Kozyrskyj AL, Kwok PY, Gilliland FD, Gauderman WJ, Bleecker ER, Raby BA, Meyers DA, London SJ, Martinez FD, Weiss ST, Burchard EG, Nicolae DL, Ober C, Barnes KC, Williams LK. A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for serum total IgE in diverse study populations. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013 Apr; 131(4):1176-84.
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      26. An integrated map of genetic variation from 1,092 human genomes. Nature. 2012 Nov 1; 491(7422):56-65.
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      27. Rumpel JA, Ahmedani BK, Peterson EL, Wells KE, Yang M, Levin AM, Yang JJ, Kumar R, Burchard EG, Williams LK. Genetic ancestry and its association with asthma exacerbations among African American subjects with asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Dec; 130(6):1302-6.
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      28. Kidd JM, Gravel S, Byrnes J, Moreno-Estrada A, Musharoff S, Bryc K, Degenhardt JD, Brisbin A, Sheth V, Chen R, McLaughlin SF, Peckham HE, Omberg L, Bormann Chung CA, Stanley S, Pearlstein K, Levandowsky E, Acevedo-Acevedo S, Auton A, Keinan A, Acuña-Alonzo V, Barquera-Lozano R, Canizales-Quinteros S, Eng C, Burchard EG, Russell A, Reynolds A, Clark AG, Reese MG, Lincoln SE, Butte AJ, De La Vega FM, Bustamante CD. Population genetic inference from personal genome data: impact of ancestry and admixture on human genomic variation. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Oct 5; 91(4):660-71.
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      29. Myers RA, Himes BE, Gignoux CR, Yang JJ, Gauderman WJ, Rebordosa C, Xie J, Torgerson DG, Levin AM, Baurley J, Graves PE, Mathias RA, Romieu I, Roth LA, Conti D, Avila L, Eng C, Vora H, LeNoir MA, Soto-Quiros M, Liu J, Celedón JC, Farber HJ, Kumar R, Avila PC, Meade K, Serebrisky D, Thyne S, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Borrell LN, Lemanske RF, Bleecker ER, Meyers DA, London SJ, Barnes KC, Raby BA, Martinez FD, Gilliland FD, Williams LK, Burchard EG, Weiss ST, Nicolae DL, Ober C. Further replication studies of the EVE Consortium meta-analysis identifies 2 asthma risk loci in European Americans. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Dec; 130(6):1294-301.
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      30. Nguyen EA, Burchard EG. Asthma Research for All of the United States. Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol. 2012 Sep; 25(3):128-131.
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      31. Kumar R, Williams LK, Kato A, Peterson EL, Favoreto S, Hulse K, Wang D, Beckman K, Thyne S, LeNoir M, Meade K, Lanfear DE, Levin AM, Favro D, Yang JJ, Weiss K, Boushey HA, Grammer L, Avila PC, Burchard EG, Schleimer R. Genetic variation in B cell-activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF) and asthma exacerbations among African American subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Oct; 130(4):996-9.e6.
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      32. Aldrich MC, Kumar R, Colangelo LA, Williams LK, Sen S, Kritchevsky SB, Meibohm B, Galanter J, Hu D, Gignoux CR, Liu Y, Harris TB, Ziv E, Zmuda J, Garcia M, Leak TS, Foreman MG, Smith LJ, Fornage M, Liu K, Burchard EG. Genetic ancestry-smoking interactions and lung function in African Americans: a cohort study. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e39541.
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      33. Torgerson DG, Capurso D, Ampleford EJ, Li X, Moore WC, Gignoux CR, Hu D, Eng C, Mathias RA, Busse WW, Castro M, Erzurum SC, Fitzpatrick AM, Gaston B, Israel E, Jarjour NN, Teague WG, Wenzel SE, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Rodríguez-Cintrón W, Avila PC, Ford JG, Barnes KC, Burchard EG, Howard TD, Bleecker ER, Meyers DA, Cox NJ, Ober C, Nicolae DL. Genome-wide ancestry association testing identifies a common European variant on 6q14.1 as a risk factor for asthma in African American subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Sep; 130(3):622-629.e9.
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      34. Kenny EE, Timpson NJ, Sikora M, Yee MC, Moreno-Estrada A, Eng C, Huntsman S, Burchard EG, Stoneking M, Bustamante CD, Myles S. Melanesian blond hair is caused by an amino acid change in TYRP1. Science. 2012 May 4; 336(6081):554.
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      35. Oh SS, Tcheurekdjian H, Roth LA, Nguyen EA, Sen S, Galanter JM, Davis A, Farber HJ, Gilliland FD, Kumar R, Avila PC, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Chapela R, Ford JG, LeNoir MA, Lurmann F, Meade K, Serebrisky D, Thyne S, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Williams LK, Borrell LN, Burchard EG. Effect of secondhand smoke on asthma control among black and Latino children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Jun; 129(6):1478-83.e7.
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      36. Torgerson DG, Gignoux CR, Galanter JM, Drake KA, Roth LA, Eng C, Huntsman S, Torres R, Avila PC, Chapela R, Ford JG, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Rodríguez-Cintrón W, Hernandez RD, Burchard EG. Case-control admixture mapping in Latino populations enriches for known asthma-associated genes. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Jul; 130(1):76-82.e12.
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      37. Baran Y, Pasaniuc B, Sankararaman S, Torgerson DG, Gignoux C, Eng C, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Chapela R, Ford JG, Avila PC, Rodriguez-Santana J, Burchard EG, Halperin E. Fast and accurate inference of local ancestry in Latino populations. Bioinformatics. 2012 May 15; 28(10):1359-67.
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      38. Avena S, Via M, Ziv E, Pérez-Stable EJ, Gignoux CR, Dejean C, Huntsman S, Torres-Mejía G, Dutil J, Matta JL, Beckman K, Burchard EG, Parolin ML, Goicoechea A, Acreche N, Boquet M, Ríos Part Mdel C, Fernández V, Rey J, Stern MC, Carnese RF, Fejerman L. Heterogeneity in genetic admixture across different regions of Argentina. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e34695.
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      39. Kumar R, Tsai HJ, Hong X, Gignoux C, Pearson C, Ortiz K, Fu M, Pongracic JA, Burchard EG, Bauchner H, Wang X. African ancestry, early life exposures, and respiratory morbidity in early childhood. Clin Exp Allergy. 2012; 42(2):265-74.
      40. Xu H, Cheng C, Devidas M, Pei D, Fan Y, Yang W, Neale G, Scheet P, Burchard EG, Torgerson DG, Eng C, Dean M, Antillon F, Winick NJ, Martin PL, Willman CL, Camitta BM, Reaman GH, Carroll WL, Loh M, Evans WE, Pui CH, Hunger SP, Relling MV, Yang JJ. ARID5B genetic polymorphisms contribute to racial disparities in the incidence and treatment outcome of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Mar 1; 30(7):751-7.
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      41. Fejerman L, Chen GK, Eng C, Huntsman S, Hu D, Williams A, Pasaniuc B, John EM, Via M, Gignoux C, Ingles S, Monroe KR, Kolonel LN, Torres-Mejía G, Pérez-Stable EJ, Burchard EG, Henderson BE, Haiman CA, Ziv E. Admixture mapping identifies a locus on 6q25 associated with breast cancer risk in US Latinas. Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Apr 15; 21(8):1907-17.
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      42. Aminuddin F, Akhabir L, Stefanowicz D, Paré PD, Connett JE, Anthonisen NR, Fahy JV, Seibold MA, Burchard EG, Eng C, Gulsvik A, Bakke P, Cho MH, Litonjua A, Lomas DA, Anderson WH, Beaty TH, Crapo JD, Silverman EK, Sandford AJ. Genetic association between human chitinases and lung function in COPD. Hum Genet. 2012 Jul; 131(7):1105-14.
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      43. Arjomandi M, Galanter JM, Choudhry S, Eng C, Hu D, Beckman K, Chapela R, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Rodríguez-Cintrón W, Ford J, Avila PC, Burchard EG. Polymorphism in Osteopontin Gene (SPP1) Is Associated with Asthma and Related Phenotypes in a Puerto Rican Population. Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol. 2011 Dec; 24(4):207-214.
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      121. Risch N, Burchard E, Ziv E, Tang H. Categorization of humans in biomedical research: genes, race and disease. Genome Biol. 2002 Jul 1; 3(7):comment2007.
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      124. Whitehead BF, Stoehr C, Wu CJ, Patterson G, Burchard EG, Theodore J, Clayberger C, Starnes VA. Cytokine gene expression in human lung transplant recipients. Transplantation. 1993 Oct; 56(4):956-61.
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